Montijo (pairish)

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Montijo
Aldea Galega
Ceevil pairish (Freguesia)
Montijo (60097524).jpg
The main square o Montijo bi twilicht
Offeecial name: Freguesia de Montijo
Kintra  Portugal
Region Lisbon
Subregion Península de Setúbal
Destrict Setúbal
Municipality Montijo
Centre Montijo
 - coordinates 38°42′N 8°58′W / 38.700°N 8.967°W / 38.700; -8.967Coordinates: 38°42′N 8°58′W / 38.700°N 8.967°W / 38.700; -8.967
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean, Montijo, Montijo
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area 26.34 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population 25,719 (2004)
LAU Freguesia/Junta Freguesia
 - location Avenida dos Pescadores, Montijo, Montijo
Preses Junta Francisco dos Santos
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal zone 2870-114 Montijo
Aurie code & prefix (+351) 212 XX XX XX
Demonym Montijense, Aldeano, Aldegalense
Pairish address Avenida dos Pescadores, 78
2870-114 Montijo
Stateestics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística[1]
Geographic detail frae CAOP (2010)[2] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Montijo is a ceevil piarish in municipality o Montijo in central pairt o Portugal. In 2004, the population o the pairish wis 25,719 inhabitants in a aurie o approximately 26.34 square kilometre (10.17 sq mi).[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Paleolithic vestiges o human dounset suggest that the region wis occupeed intae the pre-history.[4] Yet, the first historical references date tae the 12t century, in 1186, wi the donations o releegious an hereditar launds tae Paio Peres, that initiatit formal occupation.[4]

Initially, the dounset wis a constitutit o poor hovels, that wur veelages for fishermen an fermers, but bi the 14t century, the aurie haed developit intae a sizeable centre, wi its awn kirk, dedicatit tae São Sebastião.

Durin the reigns o Afonso IV, Pedro an Fernando, Montijo wis awairdit various privileges that John I later confirmit in 1385.[4] For a lang time, the place formit ane ecclesiastical pairish wi neebourin Alcochete, whose seat wis in the veelage o Santa Maria de Sabonha, in the pairish o São Francisco.[4] On 15 September 1514, Manual I concedit a foral (chairter), which wis quickly renewed on 17 Januar 1515, wi Alcochete.[4]

In 1539, the centres separatit resultin in admeenistrative autonomy.[4] The grand postmaister, Luís Afonso, established his seat in the sooth in 1533, due tae its geographic conditions an close proximity tae Spain an soothren Porutgal. A year earlier, John III haed registered the title tae the veelage o Aldea Galega.[4]

Ower the years, mony monarchs passed throu Montijo, such as the futur John IV o Portugal, who arrivit on 5 Dizember 1640, tae enthusiastic cheers frae the nobels, clerics an fowk o the veelage.[4]

In 1808 Montijo suffered the roamin attacks an pillage o French forces.[4]

Twinty ane years later, a carriage post atween Montijo an Badajoz/Madrid, which wis o short duration an lastit till 1831.[4] In 1843, durin a offeecial visit, Queen Maria II o Portugal recessitated the carriage, allouin a 26 oor trip frae Montijo tae Badajoz. But, the service wis suspendit in 1864.[4]

Aldeia Galega wis ane o the first centres tae celebrate the implantation o the 5 October 1910 revolution, afore Lisbon an ither major centres.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 Januar 2012 Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  2. IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, archived frae the original on 3 Julie 2014, retrieved 1 Julie 2011
  3. Soares, Nuno Pires (2004), Uma População Que Se Urbaniza, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades (in Portuguese), Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal), archived frae the original on 20 Juin 2007, retrieved 4 December 2013
  4. a b c d e f g h i j k l Balderico, Joaquim (2012). Câmara Municipal (ed.). "Resenha Histórica". Montijo, Portugal: Câmara Municipal de Montijo. Archived frae the original on 29 September 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2013.