Marlon Brando

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Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando 1948.jpg
Brando in 1948
Born Marlon Brando, Jr.
Aprile 3, 1924(1924-04-03)
Omaha, Nebraska, Unitit States
Died Julie 1, 2004(2004-07-01) (aged 80)
Westwood, Californie, Unitit States
Cause o daith
Respiratory failur
Naitionality American
Thrift Actor, film director, activist
Years active 1944–2004
Hame toun Chicago, Illinois, Unitit States
Hauf-marrae(s) Anna Kashfi (m. 1957; div. 1959)
Movita Castaneda (m. 1960; div. 1962)
Tarita Teriipaia (m. 1962; div. 1972)
Childer 16[1]
Parents Marlon Brando, Sr.
Dorothy Pennebaker
Signatur Marlon Brando signature.png
Wabsteid
marlonbrando.com

Marlon Brando, Jr. (Aprile 3, 1924 – Julie 1, 2004) wis an American actor, film director, an activist. He is hailed for bringin a grippin realism tae film actin an is eften citit as ane o the greatest an maist influential actors o aw time. Brando is widely kent for his Academy Awaird-winnin performances as Terry Malloy in On the Waterfront (1954) an Don Vito Corleone in The Godfather (1972). Brando wis an activist for mony causes, notably the Ceevil Richts Muivement an various Native American movements.

He ineetially gained acclaim an an Academy Awaird nomination for reprisin the role o Stanley Kowalski in the 1951 film adaptation o Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar Named Desire, a role that he oreeginatit successfully on Broadway.[2] He received forder praise for his performance as Terry Malloy in On the Waterfront, an his portrayal o the rebellious motorcycle gang leader Johnny Strabler in The Wild One pruived tae be a lastin eemage in popular cultur.[3] Brando received Academy Awaird nominations for playin Emiliano Zapata in Viva Zapata!; Mark Antony in Joseph L. Mankiewicz's 1953 film adaptation o Shakespeare's Julius Caesar; an Air Force Major Lloyd Gruver in Sayonara (1957), an adaption o James Michener's 1954 novelle. Brando wis includit in a leet o Top Ten Money Making Stars three times in the 1950s, comin in at nummer 10 in 1954, number 6 in 1955, an number 4 in 1958.

The 1960s pruived tae be a fauch decade for Brando. He directit an starned in the cult western film One-Eyed Jacks, a creetical an commercial flop, efter that he delivered a series o box-office failyies, beginnin wi the 1962 film adaptation o the novelle Mutiny on the Bounty. Efter 10 years, in that he did nae appear in a successfu film, he wan his seicont Academy Awaird for playin Vito Corleone in Francis Ford Coppola's The Godfather, a role creetics conseeder amang his greatest. The Godfather wis then ane o the maist commercially successfu films o aw time. Wi that an his Oscar-nominatit performance in Last Tango in Paris, Brando re-established himsel in the ranks o tap box-office stars, placin saxt an tent in the Money Making Stars poll in 1972 an 1973, respectively. Brando teuk a fower-year hiatus afore appearin in The Missouri Breaks (1976). Efter this, he wis content wi bein a heichly paid chairacter actor in cameo roles, sic as in Superman (1978) an The Formula (1980), afore takkin a nine-year break frae motion pictures. Accordin tae the Guinness Book of World Records, Brando wis paid a record $3.7 million ($15 million in inflation-adjuistit dollars) an 11.75% o the gross profits for 13 days' wark on Superman. He finished out the 1970s wi his controversial performance as Colonel Kurtz in anither Coppola film, Apocalypse Now, a box-office hit for that he wis heichly paid an that helped finance his career layaff in the 1980s.

Brando wis ranked bi the American Film Institute as the fowert-greatest movie starn amang male movie starns that's screen debuts occurred in or afore 1950. He wis ane o anly fower professional actors, alang wi Charlie Chaplin, Ronald Reagan an Marilyn Monroe, named in 1999 bi Time magazine as ane o its 100 Most Important People of the Century.[4] He dee'd o respiratory failyie on Julie 1, 2004, at age 80.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Marlon Brando." Forbes Life. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  2. Schulberg, Budd. "Marlon Brando: The King Who Would Be Man". The Hive (in Inglis). Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  3. Jones, Dylan. Elvis Has Left the Building: The Day the King Died. The Overlook Press. Retrieved November 12, 2016. 
  4. "Time 100 Persons of the Century." Time, Juin 14, 1999.