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St. James the Greater
Methodist Chapel

The oreegins o this community streek back tae a period whan fermen an the muivement o stock wis awnmaist alane the main soorce o acteevity. Lealholm wis a convenient place for traivelers tae owergae the River Esk. Fowk set up residence here in the howp an ettle o earnin a brose frae sic traivelers.

Governance[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lealhom's first tier o local govrement is Glaisdale Parish Council, whaur Lealholm ward elects three o the seiven cooncillors, the ithers representing Glaisdale ward. Nae ordinar, the twa wards are represented sindry at the neist tier o govrement, the borough (nae-metropolitan destrict).[1]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lealholm an Lealholmside

At the heid o the veelage staunds the widland an heuch o Crunkly Ghyll, whit wis cairved bi the River Esk throu the brae whaur the river drops 100 feet (30 m) frae the dale abuin tae reak the veelage. It wis makkit in the hinder gey ice age as a huge waw o ice muived endlang the laundskip cairving oot whit is now the Esk Valley hyne tae Lealholm. At its heid it makkit a muckle dam rancin the rowe frae abuin an creautin a loch rinnin back up the dale tae Commondale. As the ice mizzled, the river forced its way oot cairving the praisent-day heuch.[2]

Demography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Feegurs for the population o Lealholm alane arena appen. The population o the pairishGlaisdale (includin hames o Glaisdale, Houlsyke, Lealholm an Street) wis 974 leevin in 404 hoosehauds in the UK 2001 Census.[3] O this nummer, 73% leeve in the 1% o the aurie that is clessifeed as "urban", while 27% o the population leeves in the 99% "landwart" area.[4]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lealholm remeened a tradeetional, labour-intensive, mixed fermen community till the 1970s.[5] In the seicont hauf o twintiet century increasin mechanization o fermen operations led tae a fest dwyne o employment dints in agricultur in the surroondin aurie.[6] Houainver, the rise in the auchts o caurs brocht tourism intae the North York Moors aurie an the veelage is a tourist honeypot in the simmer months. Employment in tourism has risin swithly an the veelage now has guest hooses, haliday cottar hooses, bed an brakfast herbourie an caterin estaiblishments providin jots an income forby wi services an retailers.[7] Lealholm haed a teepical NER guids shade an coal yaird nearby the railwey station, whit becam a factory steid whan the company Lightspeed panels war set up in 1972. They produced the Magenta kit caur, a fiberglass body kit based on a Mini chassis. The day the steid is a cuar mendin garage.[8]

Cultur an community[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lealholm Show Sports

Thare is a queir based in Lealholm whit performs at venues in the surroondin aurie. The Board Inn is the steid for the veelage fitbaa an cricket teams forby hostin dominoes an darts spiels. The River Esk is uised for anglin, wi salmon an troot bein catcht in fouth.[9]

Lealholm Village Show an sports day is held bi the Lealholm Farm Produce an Horticultural Society on the first Seturday in September.[10] The shaw, kent as the Lealholm Agricultural Show, taks place on the veelage sports field, for ordinar reserved for cricket in the simmer months, an fitbaa in winter.[11] It held its 87th shaw in 2007. Thare wisna a shaw in 1970, an in 2001 the organisers decided it wad be inbehove tae haud the shaw auchtin tae the Foot an mouth ootbrak. In 2008, the shaw wis cancelled for the first time in its history. Due tae ill weather, the cricket pick becam watterlogged efter weeks o blauds an maire blauds in the days leadin up tae the shaw.[12] The shaw has o'er 200 exhibitions o crafts, wine makkin, fruit, vegetables an ferm produce for pingle includin kynds for childers.[13] Childers' sports an a fancy cleidin paraud are held on the cricket pick an are aye weel supported, awtho for ordinar thare has tae be a lot o perswasion for entries intae the grown-body's "Twice roond the field" pingle. Side staws include "Bowl for a Guiss", war pinglers attempt tae bowl five baws throu holes in a frame at the end o a smaw but dunkin pick. The winner can tak hame a leeve guiss, haev it deleevered for Christenmas or receive a penga prize.

Media[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Esk Valley is sert bi local newspaper The Whitby Gazette, published on Tysday an Friday, fenby the Middlesbrough & Teesside based daily - The Evening Gazette. Maugre bein located in North Yorkshire, Lealholm's location at the bottom o the dale prevenes BBC Local Radio transmeessions braidcast bi Radio York, whit sers the lave o the region, bein received. Insteid, local radio braidcast service is relayed on BBC Tees frae Bilsdale tae the sooth-wast.[14] Auchtin tae the same geographic restrictions, regional terrestrial televeesion is provided bi Tyne Tees Television an BBC North East an Cumbria frae Newcastle upon Tyne. Digital radio stations an digital televeesion channels an aw are braidcast frae Bilsdale but reception is eften difficult an aw auchtin tae the veelage's geography.[15] Reception o televeesion for maist hooses in the bottom o the dale comes frae the Limber Hill relay transmeeter, atween Egton an Glaisdale faurer doun the dale.[16]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

The na-denominational Lealholm Primary School eddicates childers frae the age o five till thay leave at the age o eleiven. In 2008 thare war 52 schuil bairns at the schuil, includin 20 littlins.[17][18] The schuil received by-ordinar or guid grades in aw auries o the hindermaist Ofsted inspection report.[19] Aulder schuil bairns traivel to seicontary schuils an a college in Whitby.

Notable people[eedit | eedit soorce]

John Castillo (1792–1845), bard an lay meesionar, eften remitted tae as "The Bard o the Dales", leeved in Lealholm on the steid now kent as "Poets Cottage", whit the day operates as a plant nursery.[20]

John Davidson (1889–1988), "The Chronicler of Lealholm", chronicled the history o the veelage in buiks an correspondence in the Whitby Gazette. He wis a shipbroker oreeginally frae Stockton-on-Tees, that held a gey amoont o afmour for the veelage an carried oot hantle resairch on the aurie. His published buiks include The Manor, Lordship an Castle o Danby[21] an Chronicles o Lealholm & Glaisdale.[22] The buiks are oot o prent, but his fashious resairch haes been muckle copied an thare are vaurious publications in prent the day kiverin the history o the veelage.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "What is the Parish Council". Glaisdale Parish Council. Retrieved 5 Juin 2008.
  2. Gregory, KJ (1965). "Proglacial Lake Eskdale after sixty years". Trans. Inst. Br.Geographers. 36: 149–62. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |1= (help)
  3. |os_grid_reference=NZ762076|civil_parish=Glaisdale|post_town=WHITBY|postcode_area=YO|postcode_district=YO21|dial_code=01947|constituency_westminster=Scarborough and Whitby}}Lealholm is a smaw veelage in the Glaisdale ceevil pairish o the Burgh o Scarborough, in North Yorkshire, England. It is sted at a crossin pynt o the River Esk, in Eskdale whit is within the North York Moors National Park. It is 9.5 mile (15.3 km) bi road frae the nearest toun o Whitby, an sclently 27 mile (43 km) frae baith Middlesbrough an Scarborough. The veelage is teepical o thae fund aw athort the North York Moors whit striddle the main throu-routes alang the dale bottoms. It is maistly built o local stane wi pantiled or sclate ruifs.<ref name="GP">"Glaisdale Parish". Glaisdale Parish Council. Archived frae the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 30 Mey 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  4. "Glaisdale Parish". Glaisdale Parish Council Website. Archived frae the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 5 Juin 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. Hartley, Marie; Ingilby, Joan (1972). Life in the Moorlands of North East Yorkshire. London: J M Dent and Sons Ltd. ISBN 0-460-03961-X.
  6. Spratt, D A; Harrison (1989). The North York Moors Landscape Heritage. Helmsley, Yorkshire: North York Moors National Park. ISBN 0-907480-58-6.
  7. "Authority Services". North York Moors NPA. Retrieved 30 Mey 2008.[deid airtin]
  8. "Leisure Activities". Archived frae the original on 14 Juin 2008. Retrieved 29 Juin 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  9. "Free Fishing - North East Region - Dales Area". Do Free Fishing. 2007. Archived frae the original on 20 December 2017. Retrieved 27 Juin 2008.
  10. "Festivals and Events Guide" (PDF). Ryedale District Council. Archived frae the original (pdf) on 14 Juin 2011. Retrieved 30 Mey 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  11. Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society Schedule of Prizes offered for Competition at their eighty seventh annual exhibition and sports. Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society. 2007.
  12. "Area escapes worst of weather but show is cancelled and roads closed". Johnston Press Digital Publishing. Retrieved 11 September 2008.[deid airtin]
  13. "Crowds flock to Lealholm for village show". Johnston Press Digital Publishing. Retrieved 15 Juin 2008.[deid airtin]
  14. "The Transmission Gallery - Bilsdale". mb21. Archived frae the original (php) on 4 August 2008. Retrieved 16 Juin 2008.
  15. "UK digital TV reception predictor". Wolfbane Cybernetics. Archived frae the original on 6 Juin 2011. Retrieved 16 Juin 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  16. "The Transmission Gallery - Limber Hill" (php). mb21. Retrieved 4 Juin 2011.[deid airtin]
  17. "House now part of school". Johnston Press Digital Publishing. Retrieved 15 Juin 2008.[deid airtin]
  18. "Lealholm Primary School". Direct..gov.uk. Archived frae the original on 9 Februar 2012. Retrieved 30 Mey 2008.
  19. "Lealholm Primary School - Inspection report". Ofsted. Retrieved 25 Juin 2008. [deid airtin]
  20. "Lealholm: Poets Cottage Shrub Nursery". North York Moors National Park. Retrieved 29 Mey 2008.[deid airtin]
  21. "The Manor, Lordship and Castle of Danby". British Library catalogue record. Retrieved 29 Mey 2008.
  22. "Chronicles of Lealholm & Glaisdale". North Yorkshire Libraries catalogue record. Archived frae the original on 28 August 2008. Retrieved 29 Mey 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]