Kyoto Protocol

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Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocol tae the Unitit Naitions Framework Convention on Climate Chynge
A warld cairt in which kintras are colored accordin tae their commitment status for the period 2013-2020 o the Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocol participation cairt
(commitment period: 2013–20)

     Pairties; Annex I & II kintras wi bindin tairgets      Pairties; Developin kintras wioot bindin tairgets*      States nae Pairty tae the Protocol      Signatory kintra wi no intention tae ratify the treaty, wi no bindin targets[1]      Kintras that hae renoonced the Protocol, wi no bindin targets*[2]

     Pairties wi no bindin targets in the seicont period, which previously haed targets*[3]
*Note: As pairt o the 2010 Cancún agreements, 76 developed an developin kintras hae made voluntary pledges tae control thair emissions o greenhoose gases.[4][5]
Signed 11 December 1997[6]
Location Kyoto
Effective 16 Februar 2005[6]
Condeetion Ratification bi 55 States tae the Convention, incorporatin States includit in Annex I which accoonted in tot for at least 55 per cent o the tot carbon dioxide emissions for 1990 o the Pairties includit in Annex I
Signatories 83[6]
Pairties 192[6]
Depositary Secretar-General o the Unitit Naitions
Leids Arabic, Cheenese, Inglis, French, Roushie an Spainyie
Kyoto Protocol at Wikisource
Kyoto Protocol Extension (2012–20)
Doha Amendment tae the Kyoto Protocol[7]
Ratification o the Doha Amendment
  States that ratified
  Kyoto protocol pairties that did nae ratify
  Non pairties tae the Kyoto Protocol
Draftit 8 December 2012[7]
Location Doha, Qatar[7]
Effective nae in effect[7]
Condeetion ratification bi 3/4 of the member states
Ratifiers 7[7]
Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol at Wikisource

The Kyoto Protocol tae the Unitit Naitions Framework Convention on Climate Chynge (UNFCCC) is an internaitional treaty that sets bindin obligations on industrialized kintras tae reduce emissions o greenhoose gases.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (2011), Kyoto Protocol, UNFCCC, retrieved 9 December 2011 
  2. StarTribune - Canada formally pulls out of Kyoto Protocol on climate change Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  3. United Nations- Doha Climate Gateway CMP8 Decisions Retrieved 9 Dec 2012.
  4. King, D.; et al. (July 2011), "Copenhagen and Cancun", International climate change negotiations: Key lessons and next steps, Oxford, UK: Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, University of Oxford, p. 12, doi:10.4210/ssee.pbs.2011.0003  PDF version is also available
  5. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (November 2012), The Emissions Gap Report 2012 (PDF), Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP, pp. 14–18  Executive summary in other languages
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Status of ratification". UNFCC Homepage. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 "7.c Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol". United Nations. Retrieved 21 January 2013.