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Kilkenny Castle, the signature symbol o the Mediaeval ceety

Kilkenny (Erse: Cill Chainnigh‎, meaning "Cell or church o Cainnech/Canice") is a ceety an is the admeenistrative centre o Coonty Kilkenny in Ireland. It is situated on both banks o the meandering River Nore, at the centre o County Kilkenny in the province o Leinster in the sooth-east o Ireland. Kilkenny is described as Kilkenny Ceety or the Ceety o Kilkenny an is administered as a borough, with a twelve-person Borough Council an a Mayor. The borough haes a population o 8,661, however the majority o the population live ootside the borough boundary, the 2006 Erse Census gives the total population o the Borough & Environs as 22,179.

Kilkenny is a popular tourist destination in Ireland. In 2009 the City o Kilkenny celebrated its 400t year since the granting o ceety status in 1609. Kilkenny's heritage is evident in the ceety an environs including the heestoric buildings such as Kilkenny Castle, St. Canice's Cathedral an round tower, Rothe House, Shee Alms House, Black Abbey, St. Mary's Cathedral, Kilkenny Town Hall, St. Francis Abbey, Grace's Castle, an St. John's Priory. Kilkenny is regarded for its culture with craft an design workshops, the Watergate Theatre, public gardens an museums. Annual events include Kilkenny Arts Week, the Cat Laughs comedy festival an muisic at the Rhythm an Roots festival an the Source concert. It is a popular base to explore the surrounding touns, villages an kintraside.

Kilkenny began with an early saxt century ecclesiastical foundation. Following Norman invasion o Ireland, Kilkenny Castle an a series of walls war built to protect the burghers. William Marshall, Lord o Leinster, gave Kilkenny a charter as a toun in 1207. Bi the late thirteent century Kilkenny wis under Norman-Erse control. The Statutes o Kilkenny passed at Kilkenny in 1367, aimed to curb the decline o the Hiberno-Norman Lordship o Ireland. In 1609 Keeng James I o England granted Kilkenny a Royal Charter giving it the status o a ceety. Following the Rebellion o 1641, the Erse Catholic Confederation, also kent as the "Confederation o Kilkenny", and wis based in Kilkenny an lasted until the Cromwellian conquest o Ireland in 1649. Kilkenny wis a Norman merchant toun in the Middle Ages. Kilkenny wis a famous brewing centre frae the late seiventeent century. In the late twentiet century Kilkenny is a tourist an creative centre.

The Heritage Council offices ar located at Church Lane. The seat o the Roman Catholic Bishop o Ossory is at St. Mary's Cathedral an the Church o Ireland Bishop o Cashel an Ossory is at St. Canice's Cathedral. Nearby larger cities include Waterford 45 km (28 miles) sooth-southeast, Limerick 93 km (58 miles) wast an Dublin 101 km (63 miles) northeast.

Toponymy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Signatures of the Four Masters.

Kilkenny is the anglicised version of the Erse Cill Chainnigh, meaning Cell/Church o Cainneach or Canice. This relates to a church built in honour o St. Canice on the hill now containing St. Canice's Cathedral an the roond tower. This seems to be the first major settlement. The early Christian origin o the roond tower suggests an early ecclesiastical foundation at Kilkenny.

{{cquote| Ceall-Cainnigh wis for the maist part burned. |20px|20px|- Fower Masters , Annals o the Fower Masters, 1085.

The Annals o the Fower Masters recorded Kilkenny in 1085. Prior to this time the early 6t century territory wis kent as Osraighe, referring to the whole district or the caipital. The Fower Masters entry wis the first instance where the caipital wis called Ceall-Cainnigh (modernized Kilkenny). Cill Chainnigh wis a major monastic centre frae at least the aicht century. There is no mention o Cill Chainnigh in the lives o Cainnech o Aghaboe, Ciarán o Saighir or any o the early annals o Ireland suggesting that Cill Chainnigh wis not o ancient civil importance.

Kilkenny is described as a ceety in the Local Government Act 2001- {{cquote|"the continued uise o the description ceety in relation to Kilkenny, to the extent that that description wis uised before the establishment day".|20px|20px|- Local Government Act 2001

Coordinates: 52°38′52″N 7°15′22″W / 52.6477°N 7.2561°W / 52.6477; -7.2561