Kandalakshsky Destrict

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Kandalakshsky Destrict
Кандалакшский район (Roushie)
Location of Kandalaksha district (Murmansk Oblast).svg
Location o Kandalakshsky Destrict in Murmansk Oblast
Location
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as o April 2011)
Admeenistrative centre tounKandalaksha[1]
Admeenistrative diveesions:[citation needit]
territorial okrug 6
Inhabitit localities:[citation needit]
Ceeties/touns 1
Urban-teep settlements[2] 1
Rural localities 21
Municipal structure (as o October 2007)
Municipally incorporatit as Kandalakshsky Municipal Destrict[3]
Municipal diveesions:[3]
Urban settlements 2
Rural settlements 2
Local govrenment:
Head[4] Olga Mikheyeva[4]
Representative bouk Council of Deputies[5]
Stateestics
Aurie (municipal district) 14,400 km2 (5,600 sq mi)[6]
Population (2010 Census) 49,554 inhabitants[7][8]
Density 3.44/km2 (8.9/sq mi)[9]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[10]
Established 11 Aprile 2011[11]
Offeecial wabsteid
Kandalakshsky Destrict on WikiCommons

Kandalakshsky Destrict (Roushie: Кандала́кшский райо́н) is an admeenistrative destrict (a raion), ane o the sax in Murmansk Oblast, Roushie.[1] Municipally, it is incorporatit as Kandalakshsky Municipal Destrict.[3] It is locatit in the soothwast o the oblast. The aurie o the destrict is 14,400 square kilometers (5,600 sq mi).[6] Its admeenistrative centre is the toun o Kandalaksha.[1] Destrict's population:[7] 60,140 (2002 Census);[12] 78,239 (1989 Census).[13] The population o Kandalaksha accoonts for 72.0% o the destrict's tot population.[7][8]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict wis first established bi the Aw-Roushie Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) Resolution o 29 August 1927 alang wi ither new destricts intae which the Karelie ASSR wis dividit.[14] The destrict includit the territories o Kandalakshskaya an Kovdskaya Volosts an the veelage o Kyurela o Kestengskaya Volost.[14] The admeenistrative centre o the destrict wis in the selo o Kandalaksha.[14]

On 1 Juin 1932, Kandalaksha wis grantit wirk dounset status.[15] On 1 Aprile 1937, the VTsIK adoptit a Resolution on the admeenistrative-territorial structur o the destrict, accordin tae which the destrict includit twa wirk dounsets (Kandalaksha an Nivsky) an five selsoviets (Kandalakshsky, Knyazhegubsky, Kolvitsky, Konets-Kovdozersky, an Kovdsky).[15] On 20 Aprile 1938, Kandalaksha wis grantit a status o toun o destrict significance.[15]

On 28 Mey 1938, the destrict became a pairt o the newly formit Murmansk Oblast,[15] an on 9 Februar 1940, Kandalaksha wis admeenistratively separatit frae the destrict an grantit a status o toun o oblast significance.[15]

Kandalakshsky Destrict wis abolished bi the Decree o the Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the Soviet Union on 18 August 1948 wi its territory bein admeenistratively subordinatit tae the toun o Kandalaksha.[15] Housomeivver, the destrict wis reinstatit in auld borders bi anither decree on 13 Mairch, 1951.[15] Kandalaksha again became the admeenistrative centre o the destrict.[15]

Bi the Decree o the Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the Soviet Union, on 24 Februar 1955 Alakurttinsky Selsoviet wis transferred tae Kandalakshsky Destrict frae Kestengsky Destrict o the Karelo-Finnish SSR.[15]

Bi the Decree o the Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the RSFSR o 19 Mairch 1959, the Cooncils o Deputies o Kandalaksha an o Kandalakshsky Destrict wur mergit intae ane Kandalaksha Toun Cooncil o Deputies.[15] The destrict wis nominally retained as a separate admeenistrative diveesion, but aw its subdiveesions wur admeenistratively subordinatit tae the toun's Cooncil o Deputies.[15] On 1 Februar 1963, the Decree bi the Presidium o the Supreme Soviet o the RSFSR established the new structur o the destricts o Murmansk Oblast, which nae langer includit Kandalakshsky Destrict.[15]

On 2 Dizember 2004, Kandalakshsky Municipal Destrict wis established bi Murmansk Oblast Duma on the territory o Kandalaksha Toun Wi Jurisdictional Territory.[3] The admeenistrative destrict, housomeivver, wis no restored till the law o 11 Aprile 2011 amendit the law on the admeenistrative-territorial diveesions o Murmansk Oblast tae include it.[11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. The coont o urban-teep settlements mey include the wirk settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as weel as urban-teep settlements proper.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Law #538-01-ZMO
  4. 4.0 4.1 Official website of Kandalakshsky District. Administration (in Roushie)
  5. Official website of Kandalakshsky District. Council of Deputies (in Roushie)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Official website of Kandalakshsky District. About the District (in Roushie)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 The data are for the Kandalaksha City with Jurisdictional Territory, which was transformed into Kandalakshsky District in April 2011
  8. 8.0 8.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2010Census
  9. The value o density wis calculatit automatically bi dividin the 2010 Census population bi the aurie specifee'd in the infobox. Please note that this vailyie is anly approximate as the aurie specifee'd in the infobox daes nae necessarily correspond tae the aurie o the entity proper or is reportit for the same year as the population.
  10. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  11. 11.0 11.1 Law #1335-01-ZMO
  12. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 35
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 52–55

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1577-01-ЗМО от 1 марта 2013 г. «О порядке рассмотрения предложений о присвоении наименований географическим объектам и переименовании географических объектов». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1577-01-ZMO of March 1, 2013 On the Procedures of Examination of the Suggested Names of Geographical Entities and of Renaming the Geographical Entities. ).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №538-01-ЗМО от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе, наименованиях и составе территорий муниципального образования Кандалакшский район и муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №904-01-ЗМО от 26 октября 2007 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Мурманской области "О статусе, наименованиях и составе территорий муниципального образования город Кандалакша с подведомственной территорией и муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №234, стр. 3, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #538-01-ZMO of December 2, 2004 On the Status, Names, and Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formation of Kandalakshsky District and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #904-01-ZMO of October 26, 2007 On Amending the Law of Murmansk Oblast "On the Status, Names, and Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Kandalaksha with Jurisdictional Territory and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №1335-01-ЗМО от 11 апреля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Мурманской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №64, с. 4, 14 апреля 2011 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #1335-01-ZMO of April 11, 2011 On Amending the Law of Murmansk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast". Effective as of after ten days since the official publication have passed.).
  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север".