Early life[eedit | eedit soorce]
The son o a fisherman, Jujiro Matsuda wis born in Hiroshima. He wis apprenticed tae a blacksmith in Osaka at the age o fowerteen an invented the "Matsuda-type pump" in 1906. Later, he took over management o the foundry at which he apprenticed an changed the name o the organization tae "Matsuda Pump Partnership." He wis forced oot o his company, but started an armament manufacturer soon efter - the eponymously named Matsuda Works. Matsuda woud see his fledgling company's fortunes improve when it wis commissioned as a supplier tae the Tsar o Roushie as well as manufacturing the Type 99 rifle for the Japanese military.
Toyo Kogyo an Mazda[eedit | eedit soorce]
By 1921, Jujiro Matsuda was a wealthy man thanks to his previous business ventures. He moved back to Hiroshima when he was asked to take over management of floundering artificial cork manufacturer Toyo Cork Kogyo Co., Ltd. (東洋コルク工業株式会社 Tōyō Koruku Kōgyō Kabushiki Gaisha?), which was placed into receivership by its creditors when the market for artificial cork dried up following the end of Warld War I. The unprofitable cork business ceased, an Matsuda focused on tool manufacturing. 1931 oversaw the introduction o the "Mazdago" motorized tricycle, manufactured in what is now Fuchū ceety an the company, now kent as Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd. (東洋工業株式会社|Tōyō Kōgyō Kabushiki Gaisha), woud set its focus on motor vehicle manufacturin.
The Toyo Kogyo headquarters saw heavy damage on August 6, 1945 upon the bombing o Hiroshima. The Fuchū ceety plant, 5.3 kilometers from the site o the explosion wis left relatively unscathed an Matsuda offered its uise for the Hiroshima bureau o NHK.
Matsuda wis na accused o being nor wis he charged as a war conspirator, an a revitalized Toyo Kogyo wis the main force behind repairing the damaged economy o Hiroshima following Warld War II. In 1950, Toyo Kogyo providit startup for a basebaa team, the Hiroshima Carp.
His adopted son-in-law, Tsuneji Matsuda succeeded him as president o Toyo Kogyo, an oversaw the expansion o its automobile division until 1979, when Ford Motor Company took a 25% equity stake in Toyo Kogyo.
The alliance with Ford led tae the divestiture o shares frae the Matsuda family an the change o Toyo Kogyo intae Mazda Motor Corporation in 1984. The Matsuda family still awns a controlling interest in the Hiroshima Toyo Carp.
Matsuda dee'd on Mairch 9, 1952. For his contributions tae Hiroshima Prefecture, a bronze statue o Jujiro Matsuda wis created in 1965 bi Onomichi, Hiroshima native, sculptor Katsuzou Entsuba an wis erected at the Minami-ku park.