Jujiro Matsuda

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Jujiro Matsuda
松田 重次郎
BornAugust 8, 1875 (1875-08-08)
Hiroshima, Japan
DiedMarch 27, 1952 (1952-03-28) (aged 76)
Hiroshima, Japan
ThriftFoonder, Mazda Motor Corporation

Jujiro Matsuda (松田重次郎|Matsuda Jūjirō) (August 8, 1875 - Mairch 9, 1952) wis a Japanese industrialist an businessman who founded automaker Mazda Motor Corporation.

Early life[eedit | eedit soorce]

The son o a fisherman, Jujiro Matsuda wis born in Hiroshima. He wis apprenticed tae a blacksmith in Osaka at the age o fowerteen an invented the "Matsuda-type pump" in 1906. Later, he teuk ower management o the foundry at which he apprenticed an changed the name o the organisation tae "Matsuda Pump Partnership." He wis forced oot o his company, but stairtit an armament manufacturer suin efter - the eponymously named Matsuda Works. Matsuda wad see his fledgling company's fortunes improve when it wis commissioned as a supplier tae the Tsar o Roushie as well as manufacturing the Type 99 rifle for the Japanese military.

Toyo Kogyo an Mazda[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bi 1921, Jujiro Matsuda wis a wealthy man thanks tae his previous business ventures. He moved back tae Hiroshima when he wis asked tae tak ower management o floundering artificial cork manufacturer Toyo Cork Kogyo Co., Ltd. (東洋コルク工業株式会社, Tōyō Koruku Kōgyō Kabushiki Gaisha), which wis placed intae receivership bi its creditors when the mercat for artificial cork dried up follaein the end o Warld War I. The unprofitable cork business ceased, an Matsuda focused on tuil manufacturing. 1931 oversaw the introduction o the "Mazdago" motorized tricycle, manufactured in what is nou Fuchū ceety an the company, nou kent as Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd. (東洋工業株式会社|Tōyō Kōgyō Kabushiki Gaisha), wad set its focus on motor vehicle manufacturin.

The Toyo Kogyo headquarters saw hivy damage on August 6, 1945 upon the bombing o Hiroshima. The Fuchū ceety plant, 5.3 kilometers frae the site o the explosion wis left relatively unscathed an Matsuda offered its uise for the Hiroshima bureau o NHK.

Matsuda wis na accused o bein nor wis he charged as a war conspirator, an a revitalized Toyo Kogyo wis the main force behind repairing the damaged economy o Hiroshima follaein Warld War II. In 1950, Toyo Kogyo providit startup for a basebaa team, the Hiroshima Carp.

His adoptit son-in-law, Tsuneji Matsuda succeeded him as preses o Toyo Kogyo, an oversaw the expansion o its automobile division until 1979, when Ford Motor Company teuk a 25% equity stake in Toyo Kogyo.

The alliance wi Ford led tae the divestiture o shares frae the Matsuda faimily an the chynge o Toyo Kogyo intae Mazda Motor Corporation in 1984. The Matsuda faimily still awns a controlling interest in the Hiroshima Toyo Carp.

Matsuda dee'd on Mairch 9, 1952. For his contreibutions tae Hiroshima Prefecture, a bronze statue o Jujiro Matsuda wis creatit in 1965 bi Onomichi, Hiroshima native, sculptor Katsuzou Entsuba an wis erected at the Minami-ku pairk.