Iberian lynx

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Iberian lynx
Conservation status
Scienteefic clessification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Lynx
Species: L. pardinus
Binomial name
Lynx pardinus
(Temminck, 1827)
Mapa distribuicao lynx pardinus defasado.png
1980 range map
Mapa distribuicao lynx pardinus 2003.png
2003 range map

The Iberian lynx, (Lynx pardinus), is a critically endangered species of felid native tae the Iberian Peninsula in Soothren Europe. A rabbit specialist, the Iberian lynx is unable tae significantly alter its diet an, as a result, its population declined sharply when its main prey wis decimatit bi twa diseases in the 20t century.[2][3] It wis an aa affectit bi the loss o scrubland, its main habitat, tae human development.[3] It is nou ane o the maist endangered cat species in the warld.[4] Accordin tae the conservation group SOS Lynx, if the Iberian lynx died oot, it would be the first feline species tae acome extinct syne prehistoric times.[5] Captive breedin an reintroduction programs hae boostit thair nummers. As o 2013, Andalusie haes a population o 309 livin in the wild.[6][7]

Formerly considered a subspecies o the Eurasie lynx (Lynx lynx), the Iberian lynx is nou classified as a separate species. Baith species occurred thegither in central Europe in the Pleistocene epoch, bein separatit bi habitat choice.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. von Arx, M. & Breitenmoser-Wursten, C (2008). Lynx pardinus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Retrieved 22 March 2009. (Database entry includes justification for why this species is critically endangered)
  2. "Iberian Lynx Depends On Rabbits for Survival". Science Daily. 5 July 2011. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Platt, John R. (12 July 2011). "Deadly Rabbit Disease May Have Doomed Iberian Lynx". Scientific American. 
  4. Ward, Dan (2008). "LynxBrief" (PDF). Retrieved July 2011.  Unkent parameter |month= ignored (help)
  5. Gonçalves, Eduardo (April 2002). "Captured cubs hold future of Europe's tiger". London: The Guardian. Retrieved July 2011. 
  6. "La población de linces se triplica en Andalucía en los últimos diez años" [The lynx population has tripled in Andalusia in the last ten years]. El Mundo (in Spanish). 9 April 2013. 
  7. "La Junta de Andalucía refuerza en el Guadalmellato la población de lince ibérico con la suelta de dos ejemplares" [Andalusia reinforces Iberian lynx population in Guadalmellato with the release of two individuals]. El Economista (in Spanish). 8 April 2013. 
  8. "Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus". IUCN Cat Specialist Group. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]