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Getúlio Vargas

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Getúlio Vargas
Offeecial portraite, 1930
Preses o Brazil
In office
31 Januar 1951 – 24 August 1954
Vice PresesCafé Filho
Precedit biEurico Dutra
Succeedit biCafé Filho
In office
3 November 1930 – 29 October 1945
Vice PresesNone
Precedit biSauldiers' junta (till-ding)
Succeedit biJosé Linhares (till-ding)
Personal details
Born19 Apryle 1882(1882-04-19)
Santos Reis Ferm, São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, Empire o Brazil
Dee'd24 August 1954(1954-08-24) (aged 72)
Catete Palace, Rio de Janeiro, Federal District, Brazil
Cause o daithDeith by gunsel
Restin placeFifteenth o November Square, São Borja
NaitionalityBrazillian
Poleetical pairtyPTB (1946–1954)
Ither poleetical
affiliations
Spoose(s)Darci Vargas (m. 1911)
BairnsLutero, Jandira, Alzira, Maneco and Getulinho
FaitherManuel do Nascimento Vargas
Alma materLiberate Faicultie o Law o Porto Alegre
Signatur
Militar service
AllegianceFirst Brazilian Republic
Service/brainchBrazilian Airmy
Years o service
  • 1898–1903
  • 1923
Rank
Unit
  • 6t Infantry Battalion
  • 25t Infantry Battalion
  • 7t Provisional Diveesion
Battles/wars

Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (Portuguese: [ʒeˈtulju doɾˈnɛlis ˈvaɾɡɐs]; 19 Aprile 1882 – 24 August 1954) wis Preses o Brazil. He wis the dictator frae 1930 tae 1945, governin ower a 15-year period kent as the Vargas Era.[1] He wis electit Preses in 1951 an servit till 1954 .[2] Vargas led Brazil for 18 years, the langest o ony Preses. Anely Emperor Pedro II surpassit his time in office as a heid o state.

Poleetical carrer[eedit | eedit soorce]

Getúlio Vargas stertit his career in politics as a lawyer an eventuawlie took control through a coup d'état in 1930, becomin' the dictator an heid o' state o Brazil unner the "Estado Novo" regime.

He wis oustit in a coup d'etat in 1945, efter which anither republic wis establisht.

He wis democratically electit as Preses o Brazil in 1950, enterin office in 1951, an served in this role till his suicide in 1954. [3]

Poleetical stances[eedit | eedit soorce]

He advocatit for nationalism, industrialization, centralization, social welfare an populism. He wis a supporter o warkers rights an wis verra muckle an anti-communist. Vargas wan the epithet "The Faither o the Puir." [3]

Daith[eedit | eedit soorce]

He wis pressurised by the military an ither opponents tae lea office in 1954 afore the end o his mandate. Insteid o retirin, he chose tae commit suicide by shootin himsel wi a gun an passin a bullet through his ain heart.

His suicide note,translated frae Inglis (aforehandedly translated frae the oreeginal Brazilian Portuguese) tae Scots as follaes, is thocht tae be ane o the maist important documents in Brazilian history durin the 20th century[4]:

To hatred, I respond wi' forgiveness. An tae those wha think they hae defeatit me, I answer wi' ma victory. I wis a slave o' the fowk an the day, I'm freein' masel' for eternal life. But this fowk, whase slave I wis, will nae langer be slave tae ony. Ma sacrifice will bide forever in yer souls an ma bluid will be the price o' yer redemption. I battled against the plunderin' o' Brazil. I battled against the plunderin' o' the fowk. I hae focht bare-breastit. The hatred, infamy, an calumny didnae conquer ma spirit. I hae gien ye ma life. I gied ye ma life. Now I offer ye ma daith. Nae thing remains. Calmly, I tak ma first stap on the road tae eternity an I leave life tae enter history (Levine 224)."

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Getulio Vargas". Brazil Travel. Archived frae the original on 5 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 30 Januar 2016.
  2. "The Era of Getúlio Vargas, 1930-54". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 Januar 2016.
  3. a b "Getúlio Vargas | Brazilian President & Dictator | Britannica". www.britannica.com (in Inglis). 20 August 2023. Retrieved 24 August 2023.
  4. "Return of Vargas | Brazil: Five Centuries of Change". library.brown.edu. Retrieved 24 August 2023.