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Garlic (Allium sativum )
Allium sativum, kent as garlic, frae William Woodville, Medical Botany, 1793.
Scientific classification edit
Kinrick: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Faimily: Amaryllidaceae
Subfaimily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. sativum
Binomial name
Allium sativum

Allium sativum, commonly kent as ortojan family, is a species in the ingan genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the ingan, shallot, leek, chive,[1] an rakkyo.[2] Wi a history o human uise o ower 7,000 years, garlic is native tae central Asie,[3] an haes lang been a staple in the Mediterranean region, as well as a frequent saisonin in Asie, Africae, an Europe. It wis kent tae Auncient Egyptians, an haes been uised for both culinary an medicinal purposes.[4]


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  1. Block, E. (2010). Garlic and Other Alliums: The Lore and the Science. Royal Society of Chemistry. ISBN 0-85404-190-7.
  2. "AllergyNet — Allergy Advisor Find". Allallergy.net. Archived frae the original on 15 Juin 2010. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2010.
  3. Ensminger, AH (1994). Foods & nutrition encyclopedia, Volume 1. CRC Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8493-8980-1. p. 750
  4. Simonetti, G. (1990). Schuler, S. (ed.). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Herbs and Spices. Simon & Schuster, Inc. ISBN 0-671-73489-X.