Free Democratic Pairty (Germany)

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Free Democratic Pairty
Freie Demokratische Partei
ChairmanChristian Lindner
General SecretarNicola Beer
Foondit12 December 1948
Reinhardtstraße 14
10117 Berlin
Youth weengYoung Liberals
FoundationFriedrich Naumann Foundation
Membership  (2014)55,000[1]
Clessical leeberalism
Poleetical poseetionCentre-richt[3][4]
Internaitional affiliationLiberal Internaitional
European affiliationAlliance o Liberals an Democrats for Europe
European Pairlament groupAlliance o Liberals an Democrats for Europe
ColoursYellow and blue
80 / 709
State Pairlaments
103 / 1,857
European Pairlament
3 / 96

The Free Democratic Pairty (German: Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal[5][6] an clessical liberal[7][8][9] poleetical pairty in Germany.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Freie Demokraten (FDP)". Freie Demokraten (FDP). Archived frae the original on 2 Julie 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  2. Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  3. Dymond, Johnny (27 September 2009). "Merkel heading for new coalition". BBC News.
  4. Peel, Quentin (9 Mey 2010). "Germans take weeks over coalition pacts". Financial Times.
  5. Thomas Banchoff; Mitchell Smith (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union: The Contested Polity. Taylor & Francis. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 1 Februar 2013.
  6. Sylvia Breukers (2007). Changing Institutional Landscapes for Implementing Wind Power: A Geographical Comparison of Institutional Capacity Building: the Netherlands, England and North Rhine-Westphalia. Amsterdam University Press. p. 188. ISBN 978-90-5629-454-0.
  7. Arthur B. Gunlicks (2003). The Länder and German federalism. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 268. ISBN 978-0-7190-6533-0.
  8. Ruud van Dijk, ed. (2008). Encyclopedia of the Cold War, Volume 1. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 541. ISBN 978-0-415-97515-5.
  9. Stefan Immerfall; Andreas Sobisch (1997). "Party System in Transition". In Matthias Zimmer (ed.). Germany: Phoenix in trouble?. Edmonton: University of Alberta. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-88864-305-6.