Ferrari 360

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Ferrari 360 Modena
AssemblyMaranello, Italy
Bouk an chassis
ClessSports caur
Body style2-seat Coupe
2-seat Spider
LayootRear mid-ingine, rear-wheel drive
Ingine3.6 L Tipo F131 V8
Transmission6-speed manual
6-speed "F1" electrohydraulic manual
Wheelbase2000–02: 102.4 in (2,601 mm)
2003–05: 102.3 in (2,598 mm)
Lenth2000–02: 176.4 in (4,481 mm)
2003–05: 176.3 in (4,478 mm)
Weenth2000–02: 75.7 in (1,923 mm)
2003–05: 75.6 in (1,920 mm)
Hicht2000–02: 47.8 in (1,214 mm)
2003–05 47.7 in (1,212 mm)
PredecessorFerrari F355
SuccessorFerrari F430

The Ferrari 360 is a mid-ingine midsize twa-seater sports caur produced frae late 1999 till 2005. The 360 replaced the Ferrari F355 an wis itself replaced bi the fairly seemilar Ferrari F430. For the 360, Ferrari pairtnered wi Alcoa tae produce an entirely new aw-aluminium space-frame chassis that wis 40% stiffer than the F355, yet 28% lichter despite a 10% increase in oweraw dimensions. Alang wi the new frame wis a new Pininfarina body styling that broke ranks wi the last decade's sharp angles an flip-up heidlichts, replacing them wi a roondit appearance that harkened tae the 1960s. The new V8 ingine, common tae aw versions, wis anly slichtly lairger an mair pouerful than the F355's at 3.6 litres an 400 bhp (300 kW) o pouer, but the lichter frame an added stiffness improved performance; the 0 tae 60 (0 tae 100 km) acceleration performance improved frae 4.6 tae 4.4 seiconds. An ingine replacement resulted in the V8 road model that follaed, the F430 (internally referred tae as the evoluzione or evo) whit cam oot in 2004.

Nine versions o the basic 360 war produced, o which sax war road models:

  • 360 Modena, a fixed roof twa-door luxury sports coupe, available wi a 6-speed manual or F1 electrohydraulic manual
  • 360 Speeder, a convertible variant o the Modena
  • Challenge Stradale, an F1 electrohydraulic manual 360 Challenge inspired variant o a 360 Modena.
  • 360 Modena F1
  • 360 Speeder F1

Three war factory race caurs:

  • 360 Challenge, a 360 F1 electrohydraulic manual stripped oot circuit racin variant o the 360 Modena .
  • 360 GT, a GT racin variant o the 360 challenge race caurs, mair extreme than a Challenge.
  • 360 GT-C, based on the 360 GT wi 360 CS pairts tae compete in the N-GT class.

The nint version, 360 Barchetta, wis a ane-aff wedding present frae Ferrari tae Ferrari preses Luca di Montezemolo.

Road models[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first model o the 360 tae ship wis the 360 Modena, named efter the toun o Modena, the birthplace o Enzo Ferrari. Its sax-speed gearbox is available as a manual, or F1 electrohydraulic manual. The caur went intae production in 1999 an remained in production until 2005 when it wis replaced bi the F430. The Modena wis followed bi the 360 Speeder, Ferrari's 20t road-going convertible. Ither than wecht, the Speeder's specifications match those o the Modena awmaist exactly. The Challenge Stradale (or CS) wis a later addition tae the road line. It wis essentially a lightened version o the Modena, droppin 110 kilograms an drastically improvin its handlin throu optimizions sic as uprated titanium springs (lowering unsprung wecht), stiffer bushes (frae 360 Challenge caurs) an uprated rear anti roll bar (the same anti-roll bar as uised on 430 Scuderia). Changes included lairger 19" BBS wheels, the uise o carbon fiber for the frames o the seats an mirrors, titanium springs which wur an aa 20% stiffer, an Carbon fibre-reinforced Silicon Carbide (C/SiC) ceramic composite brake disks. A variety o option allowed for further wecht reductions, includin replacing the leather interior wi fabric, removal o the pouer windows an mirrors, an deletion o the stereo. Lexan side windows wur available in Europe anerlie. It wis offeecially introduced in Mairch 2003 at the Geneva International Motor Show an went intae production shortly thereafter. The CS can be compared tae Porsche's GT3 RS model in design approach an mony magazines hae placed them heid tae heid in road tests. Jeremy Clarkson compared the twa an chose the CS tae be his favourite.

Specifications[eedit | eedit soorce]

Engine[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aw models featurt the same layout:

  • No. o cylinders: 90° V8 F131
  • Bore & stroke: 85 bi 79 mm (3.34 bi 3.11 in)
  • Tot displacement: 3586 cm³ (218.8 in³)
  • Redline: 8500 rpm

For Modena, Spider, Modena F1 an Spider F1:

  • Maximum pouer: 405 PS (300 kW; 400 bhp) @ 8500 rpm
  • Maximum torque: 373 N·m (275 lbf·ft) @ 4750 rpm

For Challenge Stradale:

  • Maximum pouer: 425 PS (317 kW; 420 bhp) @ 8500 rpm
  • Maximum torque: 373 N·m (275 lbf·ft) @ 4750 rpm

Modena, Modena F1 and Spider F1[eedit | eedit soorce]

Interior o the Modena wi the Rossa Corsa paint an tan leather. This example is equipped wi the F1 gearbox, controlled bi the "paddles" on the steering column
Profile o Ferrari 360 Modena.

Performance[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Top speed: 186 mph (299 km/h)[1]
  • Downforce: 180 kgf (1.77 kN) @ 300 km/h (wioot rear wing)
  • Lift/drag: -0.73:1
  • Acceleration:
    • 0-30 mph (48 km/h): 1.8 s
    • 0-40 mph (64 km/h): 2.3 s
    • 0-50 mph (80 km/h): 3.1 s
    • 0-60 mph (97 km/h): 4.3 s
    • 0-70 mph (110 km/h): 5.9 s
    • 0-80 mph (130 km/h): 7.0 s
    • 0-90 mph (140 km/h): 8.6 s
    • 0-100 mph (160 km/h): 10.3 s
    • Standin 1/4 Mile: 12.8 s/110.6 mph (178.0 km/h)
  • Brakin: 60 mph (97 km/h)-0 mph: 117 ft (36 m)
  • Lateral acceleration: 0.90g
  • Speed throu 600 ft (180 m) slalom: 69.0 mph (111.0 km/h)
  • EPA fuel economy:
    • Ceety: 11 mpg-US (21 L/100 km; 13 mpg-imp)
    • Hwy: 16 mpg-US (15 L/100 km; 19 mpg-imp)
  • Est. range:
    • Ceety: 276 mi (444 km)
    • Hwy: 400 mi (640 km)

Spider[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 360 Spider is Ferrari's twintiet road-going convertible. The model wis regarded a classic even when launched in 2000. Designer Pininfarinas lines ar bi mony regarded as timelessly bonnie an yet sportingly aggressive.

The engineers worked haurd frae the stairt o the 360 project tae lay the foundation for a Spider wi exceptional torsional an flexional rigidity. Thay haed tae strengthen the sills, stiffen the front o the floorpan an redesign the windscreen frame. The rear bulkhead haed tae be stiffened tae cut oot ingine noise frae the cabin. The convertible's necessar dynamic rigidity is providit bi additional side reinforcements an a cross brace in front o the ingine. Passenger safety is ensured bi a strengthened windscreen frame an roll bars.

The 360 Spider displays a curvilinear waistline. The fairings imply the stairt o a roof, an stable roll bars ar embedded in thir elevations. Due tae uise o licht aluminium constructions throughoot, the Spider wechts in wi anerlie 60 kg (130 lb) mair nor the coupé.

Wi its huid up, the Ferrari 360 Spider leuks extremely aggressive. Lawerin the huid totally transforms the leuk. Seen frae the side, the 360 Spider resembles a sports racer, a sensation underlined bi the lenth o the rear ingine bay, the twin roll bars, the rear fairings an the steep windscreen.

As wi the Modena version, its 3.6 litre V8 wi 400 bhp is on display unner a glass huid. The ingine - confined in space bi the convertible's tap's storage aurie - acquires additional air supply throu especially lairge side grills. The intake manifolds, wi the classical Ferrari covers, cuddle up tae each ither atween the air supply conduits in the Spider ingine compartment, as opposed tae lyin apart as wi the Mondena.

Despite the caur's mid-mounted V8 ingine Ferrari's engineers foond a wey o creatin a huid that automatically folds away inside the ingine bay, sicweys ensuring purity o line. The tap canopy o crease free material comes in black, blue, grey an beige. The transformation frae a closed tap tae an open-air convertible is a twa-stage foldin-action that haes been dubbed "a stunning 20 second mechanical symphony". Efter a short tae an fro, the entire tap disappears intae a closed storage aurie atween the seating an the ingine.

The interior o the Spider is identical tae the coupé.

The Spider an aa haed the option o a performance exhaust seestem frae Tubi Style. The exhaust made the caur soond louder an providit a modest increase in peak horsepouer.

Dimensions[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Oweraw: lenth 4,477 mm (176.3 in)
  • Oweraw: width 1,922 mm (75.7 in)
  • Heicht: 1,235 mm (48.6 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2,600 mm (102.4 in)
  • Front track: 1,669 mm (65.7 in)
  • Rear track: 1,617 mm (63.7 in)
  • Wecht: 1,350 kg (2,976 lb)
  • Kerb wecht: 1,450 kg (3,197 lb)
  • Wecht distribution: 42/58% front/rear
  • Fuel capacity: 95 L (25 US gal; 21 imp gal)

Challenge Stradale[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ferrari 360 Challenger Stradle

The Challenge Stradale is a leemitit production mair track day focused caur than the Modena, it wis inspired bi the challenge racin series an can be thocht o as a Challenge caur for the road. Ferrari engineers designed the caur frae the outset wi 20% track day uise in mind an 80% road uise. Wi anerlie a smaw 20 hp improvement in ingine pouer frae the Modena but wi substantially improved pouer tae wecht ratio, the Challenge Stradale accelerates frae 0 tae 100 km/h (62 mph) in juist 4.1 seconds.

In tot, the CS is up tae 110 kg (243 lb) lichter than the standard Modena if aw the lichtweight options ar specified sic as deleted radio, lexan side windows an fabric cloth (instead o the leather option). As much as 94 kilograms (207 lb) wis taken off on the bodywork bi strippin the interior carpets, lichter wecht bumpers, carbon mirrors an the optional Modena carbon seats becomin standard. The ingine an transmission wecht wis slimmed doun 11 kg (24 lb) throu the uise o a smawer, lichter wecht sports (yet still stainless steel) exhaust back box an valved exit pipes.

Thare ar a lot o subtle (an some nae sae subtle) stylin differences atween the Challenge Stradale an the standard Modena.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]