Dhaka

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Dhaka

ঢাকা
Dhaka Montage 2019.jpg
Eik-name(s): 
Ceety o Mosques
Dhaka is locatit in Bangladesh
Dhaka
Dhaka
Location o Dhaka in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°42′0″N 90°22′30″E / 23.70000°N 90.37500°E / 23.70000; 90.37500
Kintra Bangladesh
Admeenistrative DestrictDhaka Destrict
Establishment1608 CE
Grantit ceety status1947
Area
 • Caipital ceety360 km2 (140 sq mi)
 • Water48.56 km2 (18.75 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13.12 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2][3]
 • Rank1st
 • Density46,997/km2 (121,720/sq mi)
 • Metro
21,006,000
Demonym(s)Dhakaite, Dhakaiya
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+7 (BDST)
Postal code
1000
Naitional Cawin Code+880
Cawin Code02
WabsteidOffeecial Dhaka Wabsteid

Dhaka (Bangla: ঢাকা, pronoonced [ˈɖʱaka]; umwhile kent as Dacca, an Jahangirnagar, durin Mughal era), is the caipital o Bangladesh an the principal ceety o Dhaka Diveesion. Dhaka is a megaceety an ane o the major ceeties o Sooth Asie. Locatit on the banks o the Buriganga River, Dhaka, alang wi its metropolitan aurie, haes a population o ower 12 million, makin it the lairgest ceety in Bangladesh.[4] It is the 9t lairgest ceety in the warld[5] an an aa amang the maist densely populatit ceeties in the warld. Dhaka is kent as the Ceety o Mosques[6] an renouned for producin the warld's finest muslin. Dhaka is an aa kent as the Rickshaw Caipital o the Warld. Approximately 400,000 cycle rickshaws run ilka day.[7] The day it serves as ane o the prime centres for cultur, eddication an business in the region.

Unner Mughal rule in the 17t century, the ceety wis kent as Jahangir Nagar. It wis a provincial caipital an a centre o the warldwide muslin tred. The modren ceety, housomeivver, wis developed chiefly unner Breetish rule in the 19t century, an became the seicont-lairgest ceety in Bengal efter Cawcuttie (presently Kolkata). Efter the Partition o Bengal in 1905, Dhaka became the caipital o the new province o Eastren Bengal an Assam but lost its status as a provincial caipital again efter the partition wis annulled in 1911. Efter the partition o Indie in 1947, Dhaka became the administrative caipital o East Pakistan, an later, in 1971, the caipital o an independent Bangladesh. Durin the intervenin period, the ceety witnessed widespread turmoil; this includit mony impositions o martial law, the declaration o Bangladesh's unthirldom, military suppression, devastation durin war, an naitural calamities.

Modren Dhaka is the centre o poleetical, cultural an economic life in Bangladesh.[8] Awtho its urban infrastructure is the maist developed in the kintra, Dhaka suffers frae urban problems sic as pollution, congestion, an lack o adequate services due tae the risin population. In recent decades, Dhaka haes seen modrenization o transport, communications an public wirks. The ceety is attractin lairge foreign investments an greater volumes o commerce an tred. It is an aa experiencin an increasin influx o fowk frae athort the naition, this haes made Dhaka the fastest growin ceety in the warld.[9][10]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kintra Ceety State / Region
Unitit States Unitit States Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg New York Ceety New York
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Fowkrepublic o Cheenae National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Guangzhou Guangdong Province


References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Dhaka, Bangladesh Map". National Geographic Channel. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
  2. [1] sum for 41 thanas of Dhaka city, not including 5 upazilas of Dhaka district
  3. "Population & Housing Census-2011" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 41. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  4. "Statistical Pocket Book, 2008" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  5. 2010 World Bank Country Assistance Strategy (Page 4) http://siteresources.worldbank.org/BANGLADESHEXTN/Resources/295759-1271081222839/BDCAS.pdf
  6. "everything about our city". Dhaka City. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  7. Lawson, Alastair (2002-10-05). "Dhaka's beleaguered rickshaw wallahs". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
  8. "Price Information of Essential Commodities" (php) (in Bengali). National Web Portal, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
  9. [2][deid airtin]
  10. "Danger in Dhaka, the fastest-growing city". BBC News. 2010-07-07.