Dhaka

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Dhaka

ঢাকা
Dhaka Montage 2019.jpg
Eik-name(s): 
Ceety o Mosques
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Coordinates: 23°42′0″N 90°22′30″E / 23.70000°N 90.37500°E / 23.70000; 90.37500
Kintra Bangladesh
Admeenistrative DestrictDhaka Destrict
Establishment1608 CE
Grantit ceety status1947
Area
 • Caipital ceety360 km2 (140 sq mi)
 • Water48.56 km2 (18.75 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13.12 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2][3]
 • Rank1st
 • Density46,997/km2 (121,720/sq mi)
 • Metro
21,006,000
Demonym(s)Dhakaite, Dhakaiya
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+7 (BDST)
Postal code
1000
Naitional Cawin Code+880
Cawin Code02
WebsiteOffeecial Dhaka Wabsteid

Dhaka (Bangla: ঢাকা, pronoonced [ˈɖʱaka]; umwhile kent as Dacca, an Jahangirnagar, durin Mughal era), is the caipital o Bangladesh an the principal ceety o Dhaka Diveesion. Dhaka is a megaceety an ane o the major ceeties o Sooth Asie. Locatit on the banks o the Buriganga River, Dhaka, alang wi its metropolitan aurie, haes a population o ower 12 million, makin it the lairgest ceety in Bangladesh.[4] It is the 9t lairgest ceety in the warld[5] an forby amang the maist densely populatit ceeties in the warld. Dhaka is kent as the Ceety o Mosques[6] an renouned for producin the warld's finest muslin. Dhaka is kent an aa as the Rickshaw Caipital o the Warld. Approximately 400,000 cycle rickshaws run ilka day.[7] The day it serves as ane o the prime centres for cultur, eddication an business in the region.

Unner Mughal rule in the 17t century, the ceety wis kent as Jahangir Nagar. It wis a provincial caipital an a centre o the warldwide muslin tred. The modren ceety, housomeivver, wis developed chiefly unner Breetish rule in the 19t century, an became the seicont-lairgest ceety in Bengal efter Cawcuttie (presently Kolkata). Efter the Partition o Bengal in 1905, Dhaka became the caipital o the new province o Eastren Bengal an Assam but lost its status as a provincial caipital again efter the partition wis annulled in 1911. Efter the partition o Indie in 1947, Dhaka became the administrative caipital o East Pakistan, an later, in 1971, the caipital o an independent Bangladesh. Durin the intervenin period, the ceety witnessed widespread turmoil; this includit mony impositions o martial law, the declaration o Bangladesh's unthirldom, military suppression, devastation durin war, an naitural calamities.

Modren Dhaka is the centre o poleetical, cultural an economic life in Bangladesh.[8] Awtho its urban infrastructure is the maist developed in the kintra, Dhaka suffers frae urban problems sic as pollution, congestion, an lack o adequate services due tae the risin population. In recent decades, Dhaka haes seen modrenization o transport, communications an public wirks. The ceety is attractin lairge foreign investments an greater volumes o commerce an tred. It is forby experiencin an increasin influx o fowk frae athort the naition, this haes made Dhaka the fastest growin ceety in the warld.[9][10]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kintra Ceety State / Region
United States Unitit States Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg New York Ceety New York
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Fowkrepublic o Cheenae National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Guangzhou Guangdong Province


References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Dhaka, Bangladesh Map". National Geographic Channel. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
  2. [1] sum for 41 thanas of Dhaka city, not including 5 upazilas of Dhaka district
  3. "Population & Housing Census-2011" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 41. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  4. "Statistical Pocket Book, 2008" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 15 August 2009.
  5. 2010 World Bank Country Assistance Strategy (Page 4) http://siteresources.worldbank.org/BANGLADESHEXTN/Resources/295759-1271081222839/BDCAS.pdf
  6. "everything about our city". Dhaka City. Retrieved 8 Mey 2010.
  7. Lawson, Alastair (5 October 2002). "Dhaka's beleaguered rickshaw wallahs". BBC News. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
  8. "Price Information of Essential Commodities" (php) (in Bengali). National Web Portal, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved 27 Februar 2009.
  9. [2][deid airtin]
  10. "Danger in Dhaka, the fastest-growing city". BBC News. 7 Julie 2010.