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Caipital ceety
Dhaka Montage 2019.jpg
Nickname(s): Ceety o Mosques
Dhaka is locatit in Bangladesh
Location o Dhaka in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°42′0″N 90°22′30″E / 23.70000°N 90.37500°E / 23.70000; 90.37500
Kintra  Bangladesh
Admeenistrative Destrict Dhaka Destrict
Establishment 1608 CE
Grantit ceety status 1947
 • Caipital ceety 360 km2 (140 sq mi)
 • Watter 48.56 km2 (18.75 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 4 m (13.12 ft)
Population (2008)[2]
 • Caipital ceety 7,000,940
 • Density 23,029/km2 (59,640/sq mi)
 • Metro 16,623,000(2,011)
 • Demonym[3] Dhakaiya or Dhakaite
 • Literacy rate 62.3%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
 • Simmer (DST) BDST (UTC+7)
Postal code 1000
Naitional Cawin Code +880
Cawin Code 02
Wabsteid Offeecial Dhaka Wabsteid

Dhaka (Bangla: ঢাকা, pronoonced [ˈɖʱaka]; umwhile kent as Dacca, an Jahangirnagar, durin Mughal era), is the caipital o Bangladesh an the principal ceety o Dhaka Diveesion. Dhaka is a megaceety an ane o the major ceeties o Sooth Asie. Locatit on the banks o the Buriganga River, Dhaka, alang wi its metropolitan aurie, haes a population o ower 12 million, makin it the lairgest ceety in Bangladesh.[2] It is the 9t lairgest ceety in the warld[4] an an aa amang the maist densely populatit ceeties in the warld. Dhaka is kent as the Ceety o Mosques[5] an renouned for producin the warld's finest muslin. Dhaka is an aa kent as the Rickshaw Caipital o the Warld. Approximately 400,000 cycle rickshaws run ilka day.[6] The day it serves as ane o the prime centres for cultur, eddication an business in the region.

Unner Mughal rule in the 17t century, the ceety wis kent as Jahangir Nagar. It wis a provincial caipital an a centre o the warldwide muslin tred. The modren ceety, housomeivver, wis developed chiefly unner Breetish rule in the 19t century, an became the seicont-lairgest ceety in Bengal efter Cawcuttie (presently Kolkata). Efter the Partition o Bengal in 1905, Dhaka became the caipital o the new province o Eastren Bengal an Assam but lost its status as a provincial caipital again efter the partition wis annulled in 1911. Efter the partition o Indie in 1947, Dhaka became the administrative caipital o East Pakistan, an later, in 1971, the caipital o an independent Bangladesh. Durin the intervenin period, the ceety witnessed widespread turmoil; this includit mony impositions o martial law, the declaration o Bangladesh's unthirldom, military suppression, devastation durin war, an naitural calamities.

Modren Dhaka is the centre o poleetical, cultural an economic life in Bangladesh.[7] Awtho its urban infrastructure is the maist developed in the kintra, Dhaka suffers frae urban problems sic as pollution, congestion, an lack o adequate services due tae the risin population. In recent decades, Dhaka haes seen modrenization o transport, communications an public wirks. The ceety is attractin lairge foreign investments an greater volumes o commerce an tred. It is an aa experiencin an increasin influx o fowk frae athort the naition, this haes made Dhaka the fastest growin ceety in the warld.[8][9]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kintra Ceety State / Region
Unitit States Unitit States Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg New York Ceety New York
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Fowkrepublic o Cheenae National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Guangzhou Guangdong Province

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Dhaka, Bangladesh Map". National Geographic Channel. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Statistical Pocket Book, 2008" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  3. The Daily Star Web Edition Vol. 5 Num 234. Thedailystar.net (2005-01-19). Retrieved on 2010-12-18.
  4. 2010 World Bank Country Assistance Strategy (Page 4) http://siteresources.worldbank.org/BANGLADESHEXTN/Resources/295759-1271081222839/BDCAS.pdf
  5. "everything about our city". Dhaka City. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  6. Lawson, Alastair (2002-10-05). "Dhaka's beleaguered rickshaw wallahs". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  7. "Price Information of Essential Commodities" (php) (in Bengali). National Web Portal, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  8. [1][deid airtin]
  9. "Danger in Dhaka, the fastest-growing city". BBC News. 2010-07-07.