Cucurbitales

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Cucurbitales
Temporal range: 107–0 Ma
Early Cretaceous – Recent
2006-10-18Cucurbita pepo02.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kinrick: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Clade: Fabids
Order: Cucurbitales
Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl[1]
Faimilies
Synonyms
  • Anisophylleales Reveal & Doweld
  • Begoniales Link
  • Begonianae Doweld
  • Coriariales Lindley
  • Coriariopsida Parlatore
  • Corynocarpales Takhtajan
  • Corynocarpanae Takhtajan
  • Cucurbitanae Reveal
  • Cucurbitopsida Brongniart
  • Datiscales Dumortier

The Cucurbitales are an order o flouerin plants, includit in the rosid group o dicotyledons. This order maistly alangs tae tropical auries, wi leemitit presence in subtropic an temperate regions. The order includes shrubs an trees, thegither wi mony yerbs an climbers. Ane o major characteristics o the Cucurbitales is the presence o unisexual flouers, maistly pentacyclic, wi thick pyntit petals (whenever present).[2] The pollination is uisually performed bi insects, but wind pollination is an aa present (in Coriariaceae an Datiscaceae).

The order consists o roughly 2600 species in aicht faimilies. The lairgest faimilies are Begoniaceae (begonia faimily) wi 1400 species an Cucurbitaceae (gourd faimily) wi 825 species. The lairge faimilies o Cucurbitales include several economically important plants. Specifically, the Cucurbitaceae (gourd faimily) are responsible for some fuid species, such as squash, pumpkin (baith frae Cucurbita), melons includin wattermelon (Citrullus vulgaris), an cucumber (Cucumis). The Begoniaceae are kent for thair horticultural species, o which thare are ower 130.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-05-25. 
  2. Matthews M. L. and Endress P. K. (2004). Comparative floral structure and systematics in Cucurbitales (Corynocarpaceae, Coriariaceae, Tetramelaceae, Datiscaceae, Begoniaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Anisophylleaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 145(2), 129-185. (Available online: DOI)