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Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Fruit an longitudinal section (Bell pepper)
Scientific classification
Kinrick: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Faimily: Solanaceae
Subfaimily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Capsiceae
Genus: Capsicum

See text[2]

Capsicum is a genus o flouerin plants in the nichtshade faimily Solanaceae. Its species are native tae the Americas, whaur thay hae been cultivatit for thoosands o years. In modren times, it is cultivatit warldwide, an haes acome a key element in mony regional cuisines. In addeetion tae uise as spices an fuid vegetables, capsicum haes an aa foond uise in medicines.

The fruit o Capsicum plants hae a variety o names dependin on place an type. The piquant (spicy) variety are commonly cried chili peppers, or simply "chilies". The lairge mild furm is cried reid pepper, green pepper or bell pepper in North Americae an Britain an typically juist "capsicum" in New Zealand,[3] Australie, an Indie. The fruit is cried paprika in some ither kintras (altho paprika can an aa refer tae the poudered spice made frae various capsicum fruit).

The generic name is derived frae the Greek wird κάπτω (kapto), meanin "tae bite" or "tae swallae."[4] The name "pepper" came intae uise acause o thair seemilar flavour tae the condiment black pepper, Piper nigrum, altho thare is na botanical relationship wi this plant, or wi Sichuan pepper. The oreeginal Mexican term, chilli (nou chile in Mexico) came frae the Nahuatl wird chilli or xilli, referrin tae a larger Capsicum variety cultivatit at least syne 3000 BC, as evidenced bi remains foond in pottery frae Puebla an Oaxaca.[5]

Species list[6][7]

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  1. "Capsicum L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1 September 2009. Archived frae the original on 18 Januar 2010. Retrieved 1 Februar 2010.
  2. a b "Species records of Capsicum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived frae the original on 20 Januar 2009. Retrieved 23 Juin 2010.
  3. Latham, Elizabeth (8 Februar 2013). "Capsicums at your table". Nelson Mail. Retrieved 19 Apryle 2013.
  4. Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 1 A-C. CRC Press. p. 431. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2.
  5. Gil-Jurado, A. T., Il senso del chile e del piccante: dalla traduzione culturale alla rappresentazione visiva in (G. Manetti, ed.), Semiofood: Communication and Culture of Meal, Centro Scientifico Editore, Torino, Italy, 2006:34–58
  6. "The Plant List". Archived frae the original on 4 Juin 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  7. "Tropicos".