Bauld eagle

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This airticle is aboot the bird. For ither uisses, see Bauld eagle (disambiguation).
"American eagle" redirects here. For ither uises, see American eagle (disambiguation).
Bauld eagle
Adler jagt.jpg
Adult bauld eagle on the Alsek River
Scienteefic clessification e
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Aves
Order: Accipitriformes
Faimily: Accipitridae
Genus: Haliaeetus
Species: H. leucocephalus
Binomial name
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Subspecies

H. l. leucocephalus – Soothren bald eagle
H. l. washingtoniensis – Northren bald eagle

Distribution H. leucocephalus.png
Bald eagle range
  Breedin resident
  Breedin simmer visitor
  Winter visitor
  On migration anerly
Star: accidental records
Synonyms

Falco leucocephalus Linnaeus, 1766

The bauld eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, frae Greek hali "sea", aiētos "eagle", leuco "white", cephalos "heid") is a bird o prey foond in North Americae. A sea eagle, it haes twa kent subspecies an fuirms a species pair wi the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla). Its range includes maist o Canadae an Alaska, aw o the contiguous Unitit States, an northren Mexico. It is foond near lairge bouks o open watter wi a abundant fuid supply an auld-growth trees for nestin.

The bauld eagle is a opportunistic feeder which subsists mainly on fish, which it swoops doun an snatches frae the watter wi its talons. It builds the lairgest nest o ony North Americane bird an the lairgest tree nests iver recordit for ony ainimal species, up tae 4 m (13 ft) deep, 2.5 m (8.2 ft) wide, an 1 metric ton (1.1 short tons) in wicht.[2] Sexual maturity is atteened at the age o fower tae five years.

Bauld eagles are no actually bauld; the name derives frae a aulder meanin o the wird, "white heidit". The adult is mainly broun wi a white heid an tail. The sexes are identical in plumage, but females are aboot 25 percent lairger than males. The beak is lairge an heukit. The plumage o the immatur is broun.

The bauld eagle is both the naitional bird an naitional ainimal o the Unitit States o Americae. The bauld eagle appears on its seal. In the late 20t century it was on the brink o extirpation in the contiguous Unitit States. Populations have since recovered and the species was removed from the U.S. govrenment's leet o endangered species on 12 Julie 1995 an transferred tae the leet o threatened species. It wis remuivit frae the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in the Lower 48 States on 28 Juin 2007.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Haliaeetus leucocephalus". IUCN Reid Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naitur. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J., eds. (1994). Handbook of the Birds of the World Vol. 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona ISBN 84-87334-15-6.

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