Bauld eagle

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This airticle is aboot the bird. For ither uisses, see Bauld eagle (disambiguation).
"American eagle" redirects here. For ither uises, see American eagle (disambiguation).

Bauld eagle
File:Adler jagt.jpg
Adult bauld eagle on the Alsek River
Scientific classification edit
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Aves
Order: Accipitriformes
Faimily: Accipitridae
Genus: Haliaeetus
Species: H. leucocephalus
Binomial name
Haliaeetus leucocephalus

H. l. leucocephalus – Soothren bald eagle
H. l. washingtoniensis – Northren bald eagle

Distribution H. leucocephalus.png
Bald eagle range
  Breedin resident
  Breedin simmer visitor
  Winter visitor
  On migration anerly
Star: accidental records

Falco leucocephalus Linnaeus, 1766

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

The bauld eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, frae Greek hali "sea", aiētos "eagle", leuco "white", cephalos "heid") is a bird o prey foond in North Americae. A sea eagle, it haes twa kent subspecies an fuirms a species pair wi the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla). Its range includes maist o Canadae an Alaska, aw o the contiguous Unitit States, an northren Mexico. It is foond near lairge bouks o open watter wi a abundant fuid supply an auld-growth trees for nestin.

The bauld eagle is a opportunistic feeder which subsists mainly on fish, which it swoops doun an snatches frae the watter wi its talons. It builds the lairgest nest o ony North Americane bird an the lairgest tree nests iver recordit for ony ainimal species, up tae 4 m (13 ft) deep, 2.5 m (8.2 ft) wide, an 1 metric ton (1.1 short tons) in wicht.[2] Sexual maturity is atteened at the age o fower tae five years.

Bauld eagles are no actually bauld; the name derives frae a aulder meanin o the wird, "white heidit". The adult is mainly broun wi a white heid an tail. The sexes are identical in plumage, but females are aboot 25 percent lairger than males. The beak is lairge an heukit. The plumage o the immatur is broun.

The bauld eagle is both the naitional bird an naitional ainimal o the Unitit States o Americae. The bauld eagle appears on its seal. In the late 20t century it was on the brink o extirpation in the contiguous Unitit States. Populations have since recovered and the species was removed from the U.S. govrenment's leet o endangered species on 12 Julie 1995 an transferred tae the leet o threatened species. It wis remuivit frae the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in the Lower 48 States on 28 Juin 2007.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Haliaeetus leucocephalus". IUCN Reid Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naitur. Retrieved 26 November 2013.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J., eds. (1994). Handbook of the Birds of the World Vol. 2. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona ISBN 84-87334-15-6.

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