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Barmen is a umwhile industrial metropolis o the region o Bergisches Land, Germany, which in 1929 wi fower ither touns wis mergit wi the ceety o Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Barmen wis the birth-place o Friedrich Engels an thegither wi the neebourin toun o Elberfeld foondit the first electric suspendit monorail tramway seestem, the floatin tram or Schwebebahn. Barmen nivertheless haes an interestin history o its own acause it wis a pioneerin centre for baith the early industrial revolution on the European mainland, an for the socialist movement and its theory.

Barmen wis the location o ane o the first concentration camps in Nazi Germany an aw, KZ Wuppertal-Barmen, later better kent as Kemna concentration camp.[1]

Divers[eedit | eedit soorce]

The asteroid 118173 Barmen is namit in its honour, celebratin the 1934 Synod which issued the Barmen Declaration definin Protestant opposition tae National-Socialist ideology.

Historical population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Year Population
1591 aboot 1,000
1640 aboot 1,900
1800 aboot 12,000
1810 16,289
1840 30,847
1 December 1875 86,504
1 December 1890 116,144
1 December 1900 141,947
1 December 1910 169,214
1 December 1919 156,326
16 Juin 1925 187,099

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. David Magnus Mintert, Das frühe Konzentrationslager Kemna und das sozialistische Milieu im Bergischen Land Archived 2020-05-05 at the Wayback Machine (PDF) Ruhr University Bochum, doctoral dissertation (2007), pp 144–145. Retrieved January 14, 2012 (in German)

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 51°16′N 7°12′E / 51.267°N 7.200°E / 51.267; 7.200