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Barmen is a umwhile industrial metropolis o the region o Bergisches Land, Germany, which in 1929 wi fower ither touns wis mergit wi the ceety o Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Barmen wis the birth-place o Friedrich Engels an thegither wi the neebourin toun o Elberfeld foondit the first electric suspendit monorail tramway seestem, the floatin tram or Schwebebahn. Barmen nivertheless haes an interestin history o its own acause it wis a pioneerin centre for baith the early industrial revolution on the European mainland, an for the socialist movement and its theory.

Barmen wis the location o ane o the first concentration camps in Nazi Germany an aw, KZ Wuppertal-Barmen, later better kent as Kemna concentration camp.[1]

Divers[eedit | eedit soorce]

The asteroid 118173 Barmen is namit in its honour, celebratin the 1934 Synod which issued the Barmen Declaration definin Protestant opposition tae National-Socialist ideology.

Historical population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Year Population
1591 aboot 1,000
1640 aboot 1,900
1800 aboot 12,000
1810 16,289
1840 30,847
1 December 1875 86,504
1 December 1890 116,144
1 December 1900 141,947
1 December 1910 169,214
1 December 1919 156,326
16 Juin 1925 187,099

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. David Magnus Mintert, Das frühe Konzentrationslager Kemna und das sozialistische Milieu im Bergischen Land (PDF) Ruhr University Bochum, doctoral dissertation (2007), pp 144–145. Retrieved January 14, 2012 (in German)

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 51°16′N 7°12′E / 51.267°N 7.200°E / 51.267; 7.200