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An-Nusayriyah muntains

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The an-Nusayriyah Muntains (Arabic: جبال النصيرية‎ / ALA-LC: Jibāl an-Nuṣayriyah), kent as al-Alawiyin Muntains (جبال العلويين / Jibāl al-‘Alawīyin) an aw—baith names referrin tae the Alawi sect which haes traditionally livit there—or unner their Sirie offeecial name o Coastal Muntain Range (سلسلة الجبال الساحلية / Silsilat al-Jibāl al-Sāḥiliyah), are a muntain range in northwastren Sirie runnin north-sooth, parallel tae the coastal plain.[1] Classically they wur kent as the Bargylus[2] an unner the Hashashins wur kent as the Jabal Bahra.[3]

The muntains hae an average width o 32 kilometre (20 mi), an their average peak elevation is juist ower 1,200 meters wi the heichest peak, Nabi Yunis, reachin 1,562 metre (5,125 ft), east o Latakia.[1] In the north the average hicht declines tae 900 metre (3,000 ft), an tae 600 metre (2,000 ft) in the sooth.

The wastren slopes catch moistur-laden winds frae the Mediterranean Sea an are thus mair fertile an mair hivily populatit than the eastren slopes. The Orontes River flows north alang side the range on its eastren verge in the Ghab valley, a 64 kilometre (40 mi) langitudinal trench,[4] an then aroond the northren edge o the range tae flow intae the Mediterranean. Sooth o Masyaf there is a lairge northeast-soothwast strike-slip faut that separates An-Nusayriyah Muntain frae the coastal Lebanon Muntains an the Anti-Lebanon Muntains o Lebanon, in a featur kent as the Homs Gap.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c Federal Research Division, Library of Congress (2005) "Country Profile: Syria" page 5
  2. Hackett, Horatio B. (editor) (1870) Dr. William Smith's Dictionary of the Bible: comprising its antiquities, biography, geography, and natural history (Volume IV, Regum-Melech to Zuzims) Hurd and Houghton, New York, page 3142, OCLC 325913985
  3. Hunyadi, Zsolt; Laszlovszky, József, eds. (2001). The Crusades and the Military Orders: Expanding the Frontiers of Medieval Latin Christianity. Ceu Medievalia. Budapest: Department of Medieval Studies, Central European University, Central European University Press. p. 27. ISBN 963-9241-42-3.
  4. Encyclopædia Britannica - Syria

Coordinates: 35°15′N 36°06′E / 35.250°N 36.100°E / 35.250; 36.100