American bison

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American bison
Temporal range: 0.01–0 Ma
Early Holocene – present
Plains bison
(Bison bison bison)
Alternative image
Historic drawing
Bison call audio
Scientific classification edit
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Faimily: Bovidae
Subfaimily: Bovinae
Tribe: Bovini
Genus: Bison
Species: B. bison
Binomial name
Bison bison

B. b. athabascae
B. b. bison


Bos americanus
Bos bison
Bison americanus
Bison bison montanae

The American bison (Bison bison), commonly kent as the American buffalo or simply buffalo an aw, is a North American species o bison that ance roamit the grasslands o North America in massive herds. Thay became nearly extinct bi a combination o commercial huntin an slauchter in the 19t century an introduction o bovine diseases frae domestic cattle, an hae made a recent resurgence lairgely restrictit tae a few naitional pairks an reserves. Thair historical range roughly comprisit a triangle atween the Great Bear Lake in Canadae's far northwast, sooth tae the Mexican states of Durango an Nuevo León, an east tae the Atlantic Seaboard o the Unitit States (nearly tae the Atlantic tidewatter in some auries) frae New York tae Georgie an per some soorces doun tae Florida. Bison wur seen in North Carolina near Buffalo Ford on the Catawba River as late as 1750.[2][3][4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gates, C. & Aune, K (2008). "Bison bison". IUCN Reid Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2008. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naitur. Retrieved 10 November 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |last-author-amp= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is "Near Threatened".
  2. Project Gutenburg E Book – The Extermination of the American Bison
  3. "American Buffalo (Bison bison) species page". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 24 Februar 2013.
  4. William T. Hornaday, Superintendent of the National Zoological Park (10 Februar 2006) [1889]. The Extermination of the American Bison. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved on February 24, 2013.

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