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Amenhotep IV
Amenophis IV, Naphu(`)rureya, Ikhnaton[1]
Statue o Akhenaten in the early Amarna style.
Pharaoh of Egyp
Reign 1353–1336 BC[2] or
1351–1334 BC[3], Aichteent dynasty o Egyp
Predecessor Amenhotep III
Successor Smenkhkare or Neferneferuaten
Consort(s) Nefertiti
An unidentified sister
Childer Smenkhkare
Neferneferuaten Tasherit
Faither Amenhotep III
Mither Tiye
Died 1336 or 1334 BC
Burial Ryal Tomb o Akhenaten, Amarna (oreeginal tomb)
KV55 (disputit)[6]
Monuments Akhetaten, Gempaaten, Hwt-Benben

Akhenaten (/ˌækəˈnɑːtən/;[1] an aa spelled Echnaton,[7] Akhenaton,[8] Ikhnaton,[9] an Khuenaten;[10][11] meanin "Effective for Aten") kent afore the fift year o his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek furm, Amenophis IV, an meanin Amun is Satisfied), wis a Pharaoh o the Aichteent dynasty o Egyp who ruled for 17 years an died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC. He is especially notit for abandonin tradeetional Egyptian polytheism an introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes describit as monotheistic or henotheistic. An early inscription likens the Aten tae the sun as compared tae starns, an later offeecial leid avoids cryin the Aten a god, givin the solar deity a status abuin mere gods.

Akhenaten tried tae bring aboot a departure fraae tradeetional releegion, yet in the end it would nae be acceptit. Efter his daith, tradeetional releegious practice wis gradually restored, an when some dozen years later rulers wioot clear richts o succession frae the Aichteent Dynasty foondit a new dynasty, thay discreditit Akhenaten an his immediate successors, referrin tae Akhenaten himself as "the enemy" in airchival records.[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Akhenaten". dictionary.com. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  2. "Akhenaton". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 
  3. Beckerath (1997) p.190
  4. 4.0 4.1 Clayton (2006), p.120
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Dodson, Aidan, Amarna Sunset: Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter-Reformation. The American University in Cairo Press. 2009, ISBN 978-977-416-304-3, p 170
  6. "News from the Valley of the Kings: DNA Shows that KV55 Mummy Probably Not Akhenaten". Kv64.info. 2010-03-02. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  7. Dominic Montserrat, Akhenaten: History, Fantasy and Ancient Egypt, Psychology Press, 2003, pp 105, 111
  8. "Akhenaton (king of Egypt) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  9. Robert William Rogers, Cuneiform parallels to the Old Testament, Eaton & Mains, 1912, p 252
  10. K.A Kitchen, On the reliability of the Old Testament, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2003. p 486 Google Books
  11. Joyce A. Tyldesley, Egypt: how a lost civilization was rediscovered, University of California Press, 2005
  12. Trigger et al. (2001), pp.186-7