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Addax in Morocco
Scientific classification edit
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Faimily: Bovidae
Subfaimily: Hippotraginae
Genus: Addax
Laurillard, 1841
Species: A. nasomaculatus
Binomial name
Addax nasomaculatus
Distribution o addax (IUCN 2015)
  Extant (resident)

The addax (Addax nasomaculatus), forbye kent the white antelope an the screwhorn antelope, is an antelope o the genus Addax that bides in the Sahara desert. It wis first describit bi Henri de Blainville in 1816. As suggestit bi its alternative name, this fauch antelope haes lang, twistit horns - teepically 55 tae 80 cm (22 tae 31 in) in females an 70 tae 85 cm (28 tae 33 in) in males. Males staun frae 105 tae 115 cm (41 tae 45 in) at the shoulder, wi females at 95 tae 110 cm (37 tae 43 in). Thay are sexually dimorphic, as the females is smawer than males. The colour o the coat depends on the saison - in the winter, it is greyish-broun wi white hindquarters an legs, an lang, broun hair on the heid, neck, an shouthers; in the simmer, the coat turns naur completely white or sandy blonde.

The addax mainly eats girse an leafs o ony available shrubs, leguminous yerbs an bushes. Thir ainimals is werl-adaptit tae exist in thair desert habitat, as thay can live wioot watter for lang periods o time. Addax fairm herds o 5 tae 20 members, consistin o baith males an females. Thay are led bi the auldest female. Due tae its slaw movements, the antelope is an easy prap for its predators: lions, humans, African huntin dugs, cheetahs an leopards. Breedin saison is at its peak durin winter an early ware. The naitural habitat o the addax are arid regions, semideserts an sandy an stony deserts.

The addax is a creetically endangered species o antelope, as classifee'd bi the IUCN. Altho extremely rare in its native habitat due tae unregulated huntin, it is quite common in captivity. The addax wis ance abundant in North Africae, native tae Chad, Mauritanie an Niger. It is extinct in Algerie, Egyp, Libie, Sudan an wastren Sahara. It haes been reintroduced in Morocco an Tunisie.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). "Addax nasomaculatus". IUCN Reid Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2008. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naitur. Retrieved 13 November 2008. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |last-author-amp= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as critically endangered and the criteria used.
  2. a b Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 717. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. no-break space character in |editor2-first= at position 3 (help); no-break space character in |editor-first= at position 3 (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. Krausman, P.R.; Casey, A.L. (2012). "Addax nasomaculatus". Mammalian Species: Number 807: pp. 1–4. doi:10.1644/807.1.

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