Abdul Hamid II

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Abdul Hamid II
Caliph o Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan o the Ottoman Empire
Custodian o the Twa Holy Mosques
Portrait of Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.jpg
Abdul Hamid II as a Şehzade (Prince) in Balmoral Castle, Scotland, 1867
Sultan o the Ottoman Empire
Reign31 August 1876 – 27 Aprile 1909
PredecessorMurad V
SuccessorMehmed V
Born21 September 1842(1842-09-21)[1][2]
Topkapı Palace, Constantinople
Dee'd10 Februar 1918(1918-02-10) (aged 75)
Beylerbeyi Palace, Constantinople
ConsortNazikedâ Kadınefendi
Safinaz Nurefzun Kadınefendi
Bedrifelek Kadınefendi
Biydâr Kadınefendi
Dilpesend Kadınefendi
Mezide Mestan Kadınefendi
Emsalinur Kadınefendi
Müşfikâ Kadınefendi
Sazkâr Hanımefendi
Peyveste Hanımefendi
Fatma Pesend Hanımefendi
Behice Hanımefendi
Saliha Naciye Kadınefendi
Era name and dates
Dissolution o the Ottoman Empire: 1792–1923
Ryal hooseHoose o Osman
FaitherAbdülmecid I
MitherTirimüjgan Sultan
(Biological mither, but died afore becomin Valide Sultan)
Rahime Perestu Sultan
(Served as adoptive Valide Sultan)
ReleegionSunni Islam
TughraAbdul Hamid II's signature

Abdul Hamid II (Ottoman Turkis: عبد الحميد ثانی‎, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; Turkis: İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 1842 – 10 Februar 1918) wis the 34t Sultan o the Ottoman Empire an the last Sultan tae exert effective autocratic control ower the fracturin state.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abdulhamid II". Encyclopedia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica Inc. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8. 
  2. Some sources state that his birth date was on 22 September.
  3. Overy, Richard pp. 252, 253 (2010)

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]