Samtskhe-Javakheti

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Samtskhe-Javakheti
სამცხე-ჯავახეთის მხარე
Samtskhe-Javakhetis mkhare
Mkhare (region)
Kintra  Georgie
Seat Akhaltsikhe
Subdiveesions 6 regions
Government
 • Govrenor Lasha Chkadua
Area
 • Total 6,413 km2 (2,476 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 208,000
 • Density 32/km2 (84/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code GE-SJ

Samtskhe-Javakheti (Georgie: სამცხე-ჯავახეთი) (formerly Meskheti) is a region in soothren Georgie, wi Akhaltsikhe as its caipital. Samtskhe-Javakheti comprises sax admeenistrative destricts: Akhaltsikhe, Adigeni, Aspindza, Borjomi, Akhalkalaki an Ninotsminda. There are 5 municipalities, 6 tounlets, 67 community an veelage sakrebulos (assemblies), an 268 veelages in the region. It is bordered bi Guria an Imereti tae the north, Kartli (Shida Kartli an Kvemo Kartli) tae the north-east an tae the east, Armenie an Turkey tae the sooth an Ajara tae the wast. The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan ile pipeline an the Sooth Caucasus natural gas pipeline pass through this region.

Expulsion o Meskhetian Turks frae Meshketi[eedit | eedit soorce]

Meskhetian Turks (or simply Meskhetians) are the umwhile Muslim inhabitants o Meskheti (nou known as Samtskhe) in Georgie, alang the border wi Turkey. Frae 15 November tae 25 November 1944, they wur deportit in cattle-trucks tae Central Asie bi the order o Stalin an settled athin an aurie that owerlaps the bundaries o the modren naitions o Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, an Uzbekistan. The day, mony are still dispersed athort those kintras. O the 100,000 forcibly deportit, a total o 10,000 perished.[1]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

The majority o the inhabitants is ethnically Armenie, wi lairge Georgie minority.[2] They speak Georgie, Armenie an Roushie.[3]

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the 2002 census, ethnic Armenies (chiefly concentratit in Akhalkalaki an Ninotsminda districts), are the majority in the region, making up about 54% of the population.[4] They share the region wi Pontian Greeks, Osseties an Georgies. Currently, they are unnerrepresentit in aw spheres o public life, especially government. Anerlie three o the govrenor’s 26 staff members are Armenie (11 per cent). The same is true for the territorial depairtments o the various meenistries. For instance, anerlie saxteen o 82 staff members (19.5 per cent) o the tax depairtment in Samtskhe-Javakheti are Armenie.[5] Lack o dialogue atween local Armenies an the naitional govrenment in Tbilisi adds tae perceptions o discrimination an alienation.[6] There hae been demonstrations, polis brutality an killins in this region.[7]

Tourist attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twa o the major tourist attractions are the cave monasteries o Vardzia (which wis foondit bi Queen Tamar in 1185) an Vanis Kvabebi (which dates frae the 8t century). They are locatit near the toun o Aspindza.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ither sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 41°35′N 43°16′E / 41.583°N 43.267°E / 41.583; 43.267