Saint-Gilles, Belgium

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Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Name transcription(s)
 • French Saint-Gilles
 • Dutch Sint-Gillis

Flag

Coat of arms
Saint-Gilles, Belgium is located in Belgium
Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Saint-Gilles, Belgium
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°49′N 04°21′E / 50.817°N 4.350°E / 50.817; 4.350
Kintra Belgium
Region Brussels
Commonty Flemish Commonty
French Commonty
Arrondissement Brussels
Government
 • Mayor Charles Picqué (PS)
Area
 • Total 2.52 km2 (0.97 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2012)[1]
 • Total 49,492
 • Density 20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)
Postal codes 1060
Aurie codes 02
Website www.stgillis.irisnet.be

Saint-Gilles (French, pronounced [sɛ̃ ˈʒil]) or Sint-Gillis (Dutch, pronoonced [sɪnt ˈçɪlɪs] ( listen)) is ane o the nineteen municipalities locatit in the Brussels-Caipital Region o Belgium.

Saint-Gilles haes a multicultural identity stemmin frae its diverse population. For example, the central square (French: Place Van Meenen, Dutch: Van Meenenplein) hosts the annual festival o Brussels' Portuguese community. The hoosin stock varies frae semi-derelict tenements near the Brussels-South railway station in the north, tae elegant patrician hooses on the soothren borders wi Uccle an Ixelles, tae tourist hotels at the inner end o the Chaussée de Charleroi/Charleroisesteenweg.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Beginnins as Obbrussel[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first hooses o the hamlet o Obbrussel (meanin Upper-Brussels) wur built atween the 7t an the 11t century close tae Brussels’ top elevation at Altitude 100, nou pairt o Forest. In 1216, follaein strang demographic growth in the aurie, the Forest Abbey alloued Obbrussel tae become an independent parish. This unthildom, housomeivver, wis tae last anerlie aichty years, efter which the admeenistration o the veelage wis given tae Brussels. Bi the 16t century, Obbrussel haed grown tae 41 hooses.

Saint-Gilles toun haw

In 1670, follaein orders frae the Spainyie govrenment, the Coont o Monterey built a fort in Obbrussel as pairt o the fortifications o Brussels tae protect the ceety o Brussels against possible attacks. Erectit in 1675, this fort wis dismantled in the follaein century tae give wey tae several important toll roads an urban development. The name o the Barrière de Saint-Gilles/Bareel van Sint-Gillis neighbourhuid still commemorates those tolls tae this day.

French Regime til the day[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the French regime, on August 31, 1795, the veelage, bi nou cried Saint-Gilles efter its patron saunt an main kirk, merged wi neighbourin veelages tae form Uccle. Four years later, it gained its unthildom again, wi its awn mayor an municipal coonsel. In 1830, Brussels became the caipital o newly foondit Belgium. As a result, the rural veelage o Saint-Gilles, kent for centuries for its cabbage cultivation, went through an unprecedentit construction spree. The population went frae 2,500 aroond 1800 tae mair than 33,000 in 1880 tae a peak o 60,000 in 1910.

The streets pattern wis completely remodeled in the 1860s bi airchitect an urbanist Victor Besme. These wur the years when the Louise Avenue, the Brussels-South railway station, an the new Saunt Giles kirk wur built, tae be follaed suin efter bi the new jail an ceety haw. The day, Saint-Gilles is ane o the densest municipalities o the Brussels agglomeration.

Art Nouveau hoose designed bi Jules Brunfaut

Sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Pairticular airchitectural delicghts are foond in the dozen or mair Art Nouveau hooses designed bi maisters such as Horta, Struyvens, an Hankar, dottit aroond the upper pairt o the municipality. The hoose that Horta designed for hissel, nou the Horta Museum, is locatit there, on Rue Americaine/Amerikaansestraat. Several o those hooses hae been recognized as Warld Heritage Steids bi UNESCO in 2000.
  • The imposin toun haw, built atween 1900 an 1904, leuks lairger than it is, an bears a splendid resemblance tae a French château wi Venetian overtones.
  • The extant Gothic revival jail an the demolished Palais de la Monnaie/Munthof (mint) baith date frae the 1880s, while Saunt Giles's kirk wis built in 1867.
  • There is no a lot o open space in the municipality, although the Parc de Forest/Vorstpark abuts its wastren side.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The local cooncil uisually haes a socialist majority, an the current mayor is Charles Picqué, who is an aa Meenister-Preses o the Brussels-Caipital Region.

Events[eedit | eedit soorce]

Saint-Gilles hosts:

  • an annual open day for local airtists, the Parcours des Artistes
  • the annual festival o Brussels's Portuguese community
  • an annual winegrowers' festival (fête des vignerons)

Famous inhabitants[eedit | eedit soorce]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Saint-Gilles’s dense population is well served by public transport: the Brussels-South railway station wi its international heich speed connections sits at the northren tip o the municipal territory, an the unnergrund premetro line passes soothwards through it. Inhabitants hae access tae the 3, 4, 55, 81, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94 an 97 trams as well as buses 48 tae Stalle, 134 tae St-Job, 136/137 tae Alsemberg, 365 tae Charleroi an W tae Waterloo. There are twa pods o Cambio shared caurs, opposite the Horta metro station an ootside the Siemens trainin centre near Place Janssens/Janssensplein. A caur is an aa steidit at the Village Partenaire businesss centre at Rue Théodore Verhaegen 150.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Saint Gilles haes a fitbaa club cried Royal Union Saint Gilloise, which wis successful till the 1930s.

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]