There are several historically an airchitecturally destinct destricts athin the Anderlecht municipality.
Table o contents
Oreegins an medieval times
The first traces o human activity on the richt bank o the Senne date frae the Stane Age an Bronze Age. The remnants o a Roman villa an o a Frankish necropolis wur an aa foond on the territory o Anderlecht. The first mention o the name Anderlecht, housomeivver, dates anerlie frae 1047 unner the forms Anrelech, then Andrelet (1111), Andreler (1148), an Anderlech (1186). At that time, this community wis aaready hame tae a chapter o canons an tae twa feudal manors, those o the pouerful lairds o Aa an o Anderlecht.
In 1356, Louis o Male, Coont o Flanders fought against Brussels on the territory o Anderlecht, in the so-cried Battle o Scheut, supposedly ower a monetary matter. Although he defeatit his sister-in-law, Joanna, Duchess o Brabant, an briefly teuk her title, she regained it the follaein year wi the help o Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1393, Joanna’s chairter made Anderlecht a pairt o Brussels. It is an aa aroond this time that the kirk o Saunt Guido wis rebuilt abuin the earlier Romanesque crypt in the Brabant Gothic style.
15t century till nou
The ceety o Anderlecht became a beacon o cultur in the 15t an 16t century. In 1521, Erasmus lived in the canons’ hoose for a few months. Charles, Duke o Aumale an Grand Veneur o Fraunce an aa haed a residence here.
The 17t an 18t century wur marked bi the wars aetween the Law Kintras an Fraunce. On November 13, 1792, richt efter the Battle o Jemappes, General Dumouriez an the French Revolutionary airmy routit the Austrians here ance again. Amang the consequences wur the disbandin o the canons an Anderlecht being proclaimed an independent commune bi the French. The 19t century saw a remarkable population growth, mainly acause o the proximity tae a rapidly expandin Brussels. Remarkable new urban developments an garden ceeties such as Het Rad an Moortenbeek wur built at the beginnin o the 20t century tae hoose the influx o newcomers. The day, the name Anderlecht rings a bell in ivery Belgian ear thanks tae its vera successful fitbaa club.
The annual Anderlecht fair, oreeginally a cattle fair, wis authorized bi William II o the Netherlands in 1825. Syne then, it haes taken the form o a series o celebrations, which still include animal shows but an aa ootdoors exhibitions, a floral show, an the recreation o a releegious procession in honor o Saunt Guido.
- The Collegial Kirk o Saunt Peter an Saunt Guido is still at the centre o the ceety. Its Romanesque crypt dates frae the 10t century an is ane o the auldest in Belgium. Maist o the kirk, housomeivver, dates frae 1350 an later.
- Richt next tae the kirk, the auld beguinage is hame tae a local historical museum.
- The “Hoose o Erasmus”, built aroond 1450, an its medicinal garden can be visitit nearbi.
- Anderlecht an aa affers the Cantillon Brewery - a gueuze museum hoosed in an actual wirkin brewery, an a Cheenae museum, hoosed in a convent o the CICM Missionaries.
- Desiderius Erasmus, humanist an theologian (1466–1536)
- Philippe Thys, cyclist an three-time champion o the Tour de France (1890–1971)
- Maurice Carême, poet (1899–1978)
- Régine, sangster an inventor o the discothèque (b. 1929)
- Henri Simonet, politeecian an mayor (1931–1996)
- William Vance, comic book airtist (b. 1935)
- Jacques Simonet, politeecian an mayor (1963–2007)
Twin touns — sister ceeties
Anderlecht is twinned wi:
- Boulogne-Billancourt, Fraunce
- Berlin-Neukölln, Germany
- Lunnon Borough o Hammersmith an Fulham, Unitit Kinrick
- Zaandam, Netherlands
- Marino, Italy