Regions o Chile

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Chile is dividit intae 15 regions (in Spainyie, regiones; singular región), which are the kintra's first-level admeenistrative diveesion. Each region is heidit bi an intendant (intendente), appointit bi the Preses, an an indirectly-electit body known as regional buird (consejo regional).

Regions are dividit intae provinces (seicont-level admeenistrative diveesion), each heidit bi a govrenor (gobernador), appointit bi the Preses. There are 54 provinces, in total. Provinces are further dividit intae communes (third an lawest level admeenistrative diveesion), which are govrened bi municipalities.

Namin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Each region is given a Roman numeral, follaeed bi a name (e.g. IV Región de Coquimbo, read as "fowert region o Coquimbo" in Spainyie). When the regional structur wis creatit, Roman numerals wur assigned in ascendin order frae north tae sooth, wi the northmaist region designatit as I (first) an the soothmaist region as XII (twalt). The Santiago Metropolitan Region, locatit in the center o the kintra an hame tae the kintra's caipital Santiago, wis excluded frae this namin scheme an given insteid the initials RM, staundin for Región Metropolitana ("Metropolitan Region" in Spanish). Wi the creation o regions XIV in the sooth an XV in the north (XIII is no uised) in 2007, the north-sooth Roman numeral order wis broken.

History o the regional structur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The current admeenistrative diveesions o Chile wur creatit in 1974 an limitit tae 13 regions (this limitation wis eliminatit in 2005 via a constitutional reform). Previously, Chile wis dividit intae 25 provinces, which wur further dividit intae depairtments, an then intae communes. The new territorial organization wis implementit in phases wi some initial "pilot regions" beginnin tae operate in 1974, extendin the process on 1 Januar 1976 tae the rest o the kintra. The Santiago Metropolitan Region began tae operate in Aprile 1980.

In December 2006 twa new regions wur creatit: the northren Arica an Parinacota Region, bi takkin oot the twa northmaist provinces frae the Tarapacá Region; an Los Ríos Region in the sooth, encompassin the provinces o Valdivia, umwhile pairt o the Los Lagos Region, an Ranco, umwhile pairt o Valdivia.[1] Both regions became operative in October 2007.

Leet o regions[eedit | eedit soorce]

ChileRegions.png
Main airticle: Rankit leet o Chilean regions
Key Name (Scots/Spainyie) Caipital Aurie (km2) Population
XV Arica an Parinacota
Región de Arica y Parinacota
Arica 16,898.6 189,644
I Tarapacá
Región de Tarapacá
Iquique 41,799.5 238,950
II Antofagasta
Región de Antofagasta
Antofagasta 126,049.1 493,984
III Atacama
Región de Atacama
Copiapó 75,176.2 254,336
IV Coquimbo
Región de Coquimbo
La Serena 40,579.9 603,210
V Valparaíso
Región de Valparaíso
Valparaíso 16,396.1 1,539,852
VI O'Higgins
Región del Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins
Rancagua 16,387 780,627
VII Maule
Región del Maule
Talca 30,296.1 908,097
VIII Biobío
Región del Biobío
Concepción 37,062.6 1,861,562
IX Araucanía
Región de la Araucanía
Temuco 31,842.3 869,535
XIV Los Ríos
Región de Los Ríos
Valdivia 18,429.5 356,396
X Los Lagos
Región de Los Lagos
Puerto Montt 48,584.5 716,739
XI Aysén
Región Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
Coihaique 108,494.4 91,492
XII Magallanes an Antártica Chilena
Región de Magallanes y de la Antártica Chilena
Punta Arenas 132,297.2 150,826
RM Santiago Metropolitan
Región Metropolitana de Santiago
Santiago 15,403.2 6,061,185

Note: Populations are frae the 2002 Census.[2]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. La Nación
  2. "About Chile". Government of Chile Foreign Investment Committee. Retrieved 13 March 2010.