Santiago Metropolitan Region

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Santiago Metropolitan Region
Región Metropolitana de Santiago (RM)
Region o Chile
Banner o Santiago Metropolitan Region
Flag
Coat o Airms o Santiago Metropolitan Region
Coat of arms
Map o Santiago Metropolitan Region
Kintra Chile
Caipital Santiago
Provinces Santiago, Chacabuco, Cordillera, Maipo, Melipilla, Talagante
Government
 • Intendant Cecilia Pérez (RN)
Area[1]
 • Total 15,403.2 km2 (5,947.2 sq mi)
Area rank 15
Highest elevation 6,570 m (21,560 ft)
Population (2002)[1]
 • Total 6,061,185
 • Rank 1
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CL-RM

Santiago Metropolitan Region or simply Metropolitan Region (Spainyie: Región Metropolitana de Santiago) is ane o Chile's 15 first order admeenistrative diveesions. It is the kintra's anerlie landlocked admeenistrative region an contains the naition's caipital, Santiago. Maist commercial an admeenistrative centers are locatit in the region, includin Chile's main international airport, Arturo Merino Benítez.

Wi an aurie o 15,403.2 km2 (5,947 sq mi) an population ower 6 million, it is Chile's smawest, maist populatit an maist densely populatit region. It is an aa the kintra's anerlie region that does no hae a Roman numeral identifier.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region's history stairtit in 1542,[1] a few days efter Santiago wis foondit. When the Santiago cabildo wis built, its function wis tae supervise the entire territory. Later, wi the creation o the ceeties o La Serena an Concepción an the creation of their respective cabildos, its territorial reach was reduced.

On August 30, 1826, 8 provinces wur creatit, wi the Santiago Province being ane o them, but it wisna till 1980 that the Metropolitan Region wis creatit.

Regional Intendence.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Metropolitana is Chile's anerlie landlocked region an lies in the Intermediate Depression valley atween the Chilean Coast Range an the Andes muntains. Cerro San Cristóbal dominates the sprawlin Santiago ceetyscape at a height of 880 m (2,887 ft) abuin sea level wi ceety suburbs steadily climbin the fuithills o the Andes tae the east. The Tupungato stratovolcano, measures 6,570 m (21,555 ft) on the Argentine border, is ane o Sooth Americae's heichest peaks.

The dominant drainage basin feeds intae the Mapocho River; its main tributaries are the Maio, Yeso an Colorado rivers.[1]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region's warm, temperate climate prevails wi lang, dry periods. At heicher elevations, temperatures drop an rainfaw increases.[1]

Economy an cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region's principal industries include manufacturin, services, retail, an financial services. The caipital o Santiago serves as the kintra's admeenistrative, industrial, commercial, financial an cultural center, producin 41.5% o Chile's gross domestic product, accordin tae central bank estimates. The Plaza de Armas, the central square in dountoun Santiago, hosts the ceety's cathedral an ceety haw. Aicht ceety blocks aroond the presidential palace, La Moneda, are whaur maist meenistries, services an commercial banks can be foond. Vitacura an El Golf host maist o the ceety's heich-rise biggins an are an aa hame tae the Latin American heidquarters o several Unitit Naitions organizations.[1] Though Santiago's expansion haes caused newer vineyards tae mair rural locations, mony o the kintra's auldest wineries, built in the 19t century, hae preserved cellars in the valley.[1]

Govrenment an admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region is dividit intae 6 provinces, which are thairsels dividit intae 52 communes. The region is govrened bi the intendant, who is assigned bi the president. In 2010, Fernando Echeverría replaced Igor Garafulic as the region's intendant. The admeenistration o each commune resides on the respective municipality.

The region's representatives in the Senate are:

Poleetical an admeenistrative diveesions o the Santiago Metropolitan Region
Metropolitana Comunas.png Metropolitana Comunas 2.png
Province Caipital Communes
Chacabuco Colina
Cordillera Puente Alto
Maipo San Bernardo
Melipilla Melipilla
Santiago Santiago
Talagante Talagante

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Santiago Metropolitan Region". Govrenment o Chile Foreign Investment Committee. Retrieved 13 March 2010. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 33°26′16″S 70°39′01″W / 33.43778°S 70.65028°W / -33.43778; -70.65028