Talca

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Talca
Ceety an Commune
Dountoun as seen frae Cerro La Virgen.

Coat of arms
Location o Talca commune in Maule Region
Location o Talca commune in Maule Region
Talca is located in Chile
Talca
Talca
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 35°26′0″S 71°40′0″W / 35.43333°S 71.66667°W / -35.43333; -71.66667
Region Maule Region
Province Talca Province
Foondit 12 Mey 1742
Government[1][2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Juan Castro Prieto (Independent Democratic Union)
Area[3]
 • Total 231.5 km2 (89.4 sq mi)
Elevation 102 m (335 ft)
Population (2002 Census)[3]
 • Total 201,797
 • Density 870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Urban 193,755
 • Landwart 8,042
Sex[3]
 • Men 96,810
 • Weemen 104,987
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Postal code 3460000
Area code(s) 56 (kintra) + 71 (Talca Province)
Twin cities
 • Venezuela Mérida Venezuela
Website Offeecial wabsteid (Spainyie)

Talca is a ceety an commune in Chile locatit aboot 255 km (158 mi) sooth o Santiago, an is the caipital o baith Talca Province an Maule Region (7t Region o Chile). As o the 2002 census, the ceety haed a population o 193,755.

The ceety is an important economic centre, wi agricultural (wheat) an manufacturin activities, as well as wine production. It is the location o the Universidad de Talca an the Catholic Varsity o Maule an aw, amang ithers. The Catholic Kirk o Talca haes held a prominent role in the history o Chile.

The inhabitants o Talca hae a sayin, Talca, Paris & Lunnon, born frae a hat shop which haed placit a ribbon statin that it haed branches in Paris an Lunnon. The shop wis awned bi a French immigrant namit Jean-Pierre Lagarde.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the 2002 census o the Naitional Statistics Institute, Talca spans a aurie o 231.5 km2 (89 sq mi) an haes 201,797 inhabitants (96,810 men an 104,987 weemen). O these, 193,755 (96%) livit in urban auries an 8,042 (4%) in landwart auriess. The population grew bi 17.8% (30,510 bodies) atween the 1992 an 2002 censuses.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis foondit in 1692 bi Tomás Marín de Poveda an refoondit as Villa San Agustín de Talca in 1742 bi José Antonio Manso de Velasco.[4] It wis pairtially destroyed bi the 1928 Talca yirdquauk an the 2010 Chile yirdquauk, bein rebuilt baith times. It sits near the epicentre o the 2010, yirdquauk 8.8 yirdquauk an suffered severe shakin[5] causin the collapse o hintle o the historic toun centre.[6] The ceety played a role in Chile's unthirldom. Here, Bernardo O'Higgins signed the Chilean independence declaration in 1818.[4]

Administration[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipal biggin o Talca

As a commune, Talca is a third-level admeenistrative diveesion o Chile admeenistered bi a municipal cooncil, heidit bi an alcalde who is directly electit ivery fower years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Juan Castro Prieto (Independent Democratic Union, centre-richt).[1][2]

Athin the electoral diveesions o Chile, Talca is representit in the Chamber o Deputies bi Sergio Aguiló (PS) an Germán Verdugo (RN) as pairt o the 37t electoral destrict, which consists entirely o the Talca commune. The commune is representit in the Senate bi Juan Antonio Coloma Correa (UDI) an Andrés Zaldívar Larraín (PDC) as pairt o the 10t senatorial constituency (Maule-North).

Geografie o climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The commune o Talca spans a aurie o 231.5 km2 (89 sq mi).[3] The ceety o Talca is locatit 250 km (155 mi) sooth o Santiago,[4] sooth o the confluence o the rivers Lircay an Claro, in the Central Valley. The ceety is bisectit bi the Pan-American Heich-gate.

Talca haes a Mediterranean climate wi dry simmers an wet winters, tho it is hotter in simmer an ceuler in winter than coastal ceeties like Valparaíso an Concepcíon.

Climate data for Talca
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
30.7
(87.3)
27.1
(80.8)
22.1
(71.8)
17.5
(63.5)
12.9
(55.2)
13.5
(56.3)
15.1
(59.2)
18.3
(64.9)
22.1
(71.8)
24.6
(76.3)
29.2
(84.6)
22.0
(71.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
19.8
(67.6)
18.2
(64.8)
14.1
(57.4)
10.8
(51.4)
8.7
(47.7)
8.2
(46.8)
9.5
(49.1)
11.6
(52.9)
14.6
(58.3)
17.4
(63.3)
20.5
(68.9)
14.6
(58.3)
Average laich °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
12.0
(53.6)
10.4
(50.7)
7.9
(46.2)
6.6
(43.9)
5.8
(42.4)
4.4
(39.9)
4.2
(39.6)
6.6
(43.9)
8.5
(47.3)
10.9
(51.6)
13.1
(55.6)
8.6
(47.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 7.2
(0.283)
4.4
(0.173)
13.8
(0.543)
36.4
(1.433)
123.0
(4.843)
160.8
(6.331)
137.6
(5.417)
92.8
(3.654)
55.0
(2.165)
31.1
(1.224)
15.8
(0.622)
11.4
(0.449)
689.3
(27.138)
Source: Información climatológica de estaciones chilenas: Chile Centro[7]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 (Spainyie) "Municipality of Talca". Retrieved 22 January 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 (Spainyie) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 22 January 2011. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 (Spainyie) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Maule Region". Universidad de Talca. Archived from the original on 2008-03-14. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  5. Intensity of shaking in cities around the 2010 Chilean earthquake from USGS
  6. Images of earthquake including collapse of Talca historic centre
  7. "Datos climatológicos Chile Centro". Atmosfera.cl. 30 May 2012. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Ceeties in the Maule Region

Template:Lairge ceeties o Chile