Oskemen

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Ust-Kamenogorsk
Өскемен

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Oskemen is located in Kazakhstan
Ust-Kamenogorsk
Ust-Kamenogorsk
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 49°59′N 82°37′E / 49.983°N 82.617°E / 49.983; 82.617
Kintra Kazakhstan
Province East Kazakhstan Province
Foondit 1720
Incorporatit (ceety) 1868
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Temirbek Kasyimzhanov
Area
 • Total 540 km2 (210 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 288,660
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
Postal code 070001–070019
Area code(s) +7 7232
Website Oskemen

Oskemen (Kazakh: Өскемен / Öskemen), or Ust-Kamenogorsk (Roushie: Усть-Каменогорск‎) an Ust-Kamennaya (Roushie: Усть-Каменная, till 1868), is the caipital o the East Kazakhstan Province. It is served bi the Ust-Kamenogorsk Airport.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Foondit in 1720 at the confluence o the Irtysh an Ulba rivers as a fort an tradin post namit Ust-Kamennaya.[2] The ceety wis established in 1720 accordin tae the order o the Roushie Emperor Peter the Great, who sent a militar expedition heidit bi major Ivan Vasilievich Likharev in the search o Yarkenda gowd. Likharev’s expedition directit up the Irtysh river tae Zaysan Lake. Thare, at the confluence o the Ulba an the Irtysh rivers the new fortress wis laid – the Ust-Kamennaya Fortress. The Ust-Kamennaya Fortress appeared on the cairt o the Roushie Empire, the vera soothren end o the Irtysh line.[3] In 1868 the ceety became the caipital o the Semipalatinsk Oblast. It wis the steid o Georgy Malenkov's 30-year internal exile, durin which he managed a local hydroelectric plant.[4]

The ceety developed intae a major minin an metallurgical center durin the Soviet period. Minin o non-ferrous metals, especially uranium, beryllium, tantalum, copper, leid, siller an zinc remain important. It is a center for the construction industry producin manufactured hoosin an ferroconcrete articles. The post-war industrial history o the ceety is vera closely intertwined wi the Soviet nuclear bomb project, an the ceey wis therefore kept closed tae ootsiders. Ane o the main industrial enterprises, the Ulba Metal Works (UMW) which produced an still produce uranium products, wis kept entirely secret despite it employin thoosans o wirkers. An explosion at the UMW's beryllium production line in 1990 led tae the diffusion o a heichlie toxic beryllium-containin "cloud" ower the ceety. The health effects o this incident are no entirely kent, pairtly due tae the fact that the incident wis kept secret bi the Soviet authorities.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unner the name o the Ust-Kamenogorsk Lock, the heichest lock in the warld lies at Ablaketka whaur it allous river traffic tae pass aroond a hydroelectric dam on the Irtysh river. It haes a drop o mair than 40m.[5]

Syne the openin o the Three Gorges locks, the upper lock o that five-lock cascade is theoretically on a par wi this lock, but its full drop will be uised anerlie in extreme cases, while the Ust-Kamenogorsk lock is designed for permanent uise at this height.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Religion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mosque in Oskemen

There are 32 releegious unions, presentin 15 releegious confessions includin Muslim, Christian an non-traditional releegions. There are 21 cultural biggins in the ceety: amang them mosques an Orthodox Christian kirks.[7]

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Cities & towns of Kazakhstan". Pop-stat.mashke.org. February 25, 2009. Retrieved January 25, 2011. 
  2. Encyclopedia Britannica on-line
  3. "Информация о городе". www.oskemen.kz. Retrieved January 25, 2011. 
  4. Monday, Jul. 22, 1957 (July 22, 1957). "RUSSIA: The Quick & the Dead". TIME. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  5. "Latest". Waterways World. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  6. "Спартакиада-2009. - Фотоальбом - Сайт болельщиков ХК "Акжайык"". Akghaik.ucoz.ru. March 18, 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  7. "Domestic policy". www.oskemen.kz. April 19, 2001. Retrieved January 25, 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:East Kazakhstan Province

Coordinates: 49°59′N 82°37′E / 49.983°N 82.617°E / 49.983; 82.617