Manchu fowk

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Manchu
ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ
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Total population
10,430,000
0.15% o global human population
(estimate)
10,410,585[1]
0.77% o Cheenae's population
(estimate)
Regions wi signeeficant populations
Ethnic Minority
Flag of the People's Republic of China Fowkrepublic o Cheenae 10,410,585[1]
Banner o Hong Kong Hong Kong >288[2]
Banner o Republic o Cheenae Taiwan 12,000[3]
Leids

Staundart Cheenese, Manchu

Releegion

Maistly non-releegious. Manchu shamanism, Buddhism, Cheenese folk releegion; Christian minority.[4]

Sib ethnic groups

Evenks, Nanai, Oroqen, Udege, Xibe
an ither Tungusic fowks

The Manchus[note 1] (Manchu: ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ; Möllendorff: manju; simplified Cheenese: 满族; tradeetional Cheenese: 滿族; pinyin: Mǎnzú; Wade–Giles: Man3-tsu2) are members o an indigenous fowk o Manchurie[12] an aa kent as reid tasseled Manchus (Manchu: ᡶᡠᠯᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ
ᠰᠣᡵᠰᠣᠨ
ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ
; Möllendorff: fulgiyan sorson manju; 红缨满洲) acause o thair tradeetional hat ornaments.[13][14] Manchus are the lairgest branch o the Tungusic fowks an are chiefly distributit throughoot Cheenae, formin the fowert lairgest ethnic group an the third lairgest ethnic minority group in that kintra.[1] Thay can be foond in 31 Cheenese provincial regions. It is an aa the lairgest minority group in Cheenae wioot an autonomous region. Amang them, Liaoning haes the lairgest population an Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia an Beijing haes ower 100,000 Manchu residents. Aboot hauf o the population live in Liaoning province and one-fifth in Hebei province. Thare are a nummer o Manchu autonomous coonties in Cheenae, such as Xinbin, Xiuyan, Qinglong, Fengning, Yitong, Qingyuan, Weichang, Kuancheng, Benxi, Kuandian, Huanren, Fengcheng, Beizhen[note 2] an oweer 300 Manchu touns an tounships.[16]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. An aa kent as Man,[5] Bannermen,[6][7] Banner people,[8] Tartars,[9] reod tasseled Mongols (红缨蒙古),[10] the Mongols o wearin reid tassels (戴红缨的蒙古人)[11] an the Tartars o wearin reid tassels (戴红缨达子)[11]
  2. Fengcheng an Beizhen are ceeties but treatit as Manchu autonomous coonties.[15]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 中国2010年人口普查资料 上中下 (the Data of 2010 China Population Census). China Statistics Press. 2012. ISBN 9787503765070. 
  2. 《我所认识的香港民族问题》,刊载于《民族团结》1996年第8期 (The Problem of the Ethnicities of Hong Kong I Acknowledged, Ethnic Unity, the 8 Edition, 1996)
  3. Manchusoc:The Origins of Manchu People in Taiwan (traditional Chinese)
  4. the Gospel Need of Manchu People (simplified Chinese)
  5. Manchu (people) on Encyclopædia Britannica
  6. Elliott 2001, pp. 13–15
  7. ZDIC:The Meaning of 旗人 (Bannerman) in Dictionary (simplified Chinese)
  8. Elliott 2001, p. 15
  9. Elliott 2001, p. 98
  10. Various authors 2008, p. 258 (Shizu period)
  11. 11.0 11.1 Uyun Bilig: The Files of Chahar and Ligdan Khan in Ming Dynasty (simplified Chinese)
  12. Merriam-Webster, Inc 2003, p. 754
  13. Zheng 2009, p. 79
  14. Vollmer 2002, p. 76
  15. Writing Group of Manchu Brief History 2009, p. 207
  16. Writing Group of Manchu Brief History 2009, pp. 206–207