Houston ( //) is the fowert-lairgest ceety in the Unitit States o Americae an the lairgest ceety in the state o Texas. As o the 2009 U.S. Census estimate, the ceety haed a population o 2.3 million athin an aurie o 579 square miles (1,500 km2). Houston is the seat o Harris Coonty an the economic centre o the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan aurie—the saxt-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the U.S. wi a population o 5.9 million.
Houston wis foondit on August 30, 1836, bi brithers Augustus Chapman Allen an John Kirby Allen on land naur the banks o Buffalo Bayou. The ceety wis incorporatit on Juin 5, 1837, an named efter then-Preses o the Republic o Texas—umwhile General Sam Houston—who haed commandit at the Battle o San Jacinto, whilk teuk place 25 miles (40 km) east o whaur the ceety wis established. The burgeonin port an railwey industry, combined wi oil discivery in 1901, haes induced continual surges in the ceety's population. In the mid-twintiet century, Houston became the hame o the Texas Medical Centre—the warld's lairgest concentration o heal care an research institutions—an NASA's Johnson Space Centre, whaur the Mission Control Centre is locatit.
Ratit as a beta warld ceety, Houston's economy haes a braid industrial base in the energy, manufacturin, aeronautics, transportation, an heal care sectors an is a leadin centre for biggin oilfield equipment; anerlie New York Ceety is hame tae mair Fortune 500 heidquarters in the ceety limits. The Port o Houston ranks first in the Unitit States in internaitional watterborne tonnage handled an seicont in total fraucht tonnage handled. The ceety haes a population frae various ethnic an releegious backgrunds an a lairge an growin internaitional community. It is hame tae mony cultural institutions an exhibits—attractin mair than 7 million visitors a year tae the Houston Museum Destrict. Houston haes an active visual an performin airts scene in the Theatre Destrict an is ane o few U.S. ceeties that affer year-roond resident companies in aw major performin airts.
Twin touns an sister ceeties
- Texas Medical Center. (2006). In 'A Vision for Strategic Growth'. September 14, 2010 from http://www.texasmedicalcenter.org/NR/rdonlyres/2C814975-2A2B-4AC1-B898-0C424A311C28/0/50YearMasterPlanLowRes2006UpdateV2.pdf
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- "GaWC - The World According to GaWC 2008". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
- U.S. Port Ranking by Cargo Volume 2004. Port Industry Information, American Association of Port Authorities. 2004. Retrieved on 2007-01-15. Archived September 27, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- " PDF (31.8 KB)", Greater Houston Partnership. Retrieved on 2009-03-21.
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