Fiji

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Republic o Fiji
  • Matanitu Tugalala o Viti (Fijian)
  • रिपब्लिक ऑफ फीजी  (Fiji Hindi)
  • Ripablik ăph Phījī  (transliteration)
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui" (Fijian)
"Fear God an honour the Queen"
Anthem: God Bless Fiji
Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Suva
18°10′S 178°27′E / 18.167°S 178.450°E / -18.167; 178.450
Offeecial leids[1]
Demonym Fijian
Government Pairliamentary republic run bi
militar-appyntit govrenment
 -  Preses Epeli Nailatikau
 -  Acting Prime Meenister Frank Bainimarama
Legislatur Pairliament
 -  Upper hoose Senate
 -  Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
Unthirldom
 -  frae the Unitit Kinrick 10 October 1970 
 -  Republic 7 October 1987 
Aurie
 -  Total 18,274 km2 (155t)
7,056 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) negligible
Population
 -  2012 estimate 858,038[2] (161st)
 -  Densitie 46.4/km2 (148t)
120.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $4.250 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $4,728[3]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $3.671 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $4,083[3]
Gini (2009) 42.8[4]
middlin
HDI (2013) Increase 0.702[5]
medium · 96th
Currency Fijian dollar (FJD)
Time zone FJT (UTC+12)
 -  Summer (DST) FJST[7] (UTC+13[6])
Drives on the left
Cawin code +679
Internet TLD .fj

Fiji /ˈfiːdʒiː/ ( listen) (Fijian: Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), offeecially the Republic o Fiji (Fijian: Matanitu ko Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणरा[8] fiji dvip samooh ganarajya), is an island naition in Melanesie in the Sooth Pacific Ocean aboot 2000 km northeast o New Zealand's North Island. Its mair immediate neighbours are Vanuatu tae the wast, Fraunce's New Caledon tae the soothwast, New Zealand's Kermadec tae the sootheast, Tonga tae the east, the Samoas an Fraunce's Wallis an Futuna tae the northeast an Tuvalu tae the north. Fiji haes haed inhabitants since the seicont millennium B.C. In the 17t an 18t centuries, the Dutch an the Breetish explored Fiji.[9] Fiji wis a Breetish colony up till 1970; Breetish occupation lastit amaist a century.[10] Acause o the abundance o forest, mineral, an fish resources, Fiji is ane o the maist developed economies in the Pacific island realm. The day, the main sources o foreign exchynge are its tourist industry an sugar exports.[11] The kintra's currency is the Fijian dollar.

The majority o Fiji's islands wur formed through volcanic activity stairtit aroond 150 million years ago. Today, some geothermal activity still occurs on the islands o Vanua Levu an Taveun.[12] Fiji comprises an archipelago o mair than 332 islands, o which 110 are permanently inhabitit, an mair than 500 islets, amountin tae a total land aurie o ca. 18,300 km2. The twa major islands, Viti Levu an Vanua Levu, accoont for 87% o the population o amaist 850,000. The umwhile contains Suva, the caipital an lairgest ceety. Maist o Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smawer urban centers. Viti Levu's interior is spairsely inhabitit due tae its terrain.[13]

Fiji haes a local government seestem whaur ceety an toun councils fall unner the general supervision o the Meenistry o Local Government an Urban Development.[14] Preses Ratu Epeli Nailatikau became Fiji's preses, efter a hie court ruled that the military leadership wis unlawfully appointit efter a 2006 coup.[15] Durin Warld War II, the Unitit Kinrick alloued for mony thoosans o Fijians tae volunteer tae aid in Allies' efforts via their attachment tae the New Zealand and Australian airmy units. The Republic o Fiji Military Forces (RFMF), comprising o land an naval units defend an protect Fiji.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Fiji's main island is kent as Viti Levu an it is frae this that the name "Fiji" is derived, though the common Inglis pronunciation is based on that o their island neighbours in Tonga. Its emergence wis best described as follaes:

Fijians first impressed themsels on European consciousness through the writins o the members o the expeditions o Cook who met them in Tonga. They wur described as formidable warriors an ferocious cannibals, builders o the finest vessels in the Pacific, but no great sailors. They inspired awe amangst the Tongans, an aw their Manufactures, especially bark cloth an clubs, wur heichlie esteemed an muckle in demand. They cawed their home Viti, but the Tongans called it Fisi, an it wis bi this foreign pronunciation, Fiji, first promulgatit bi Captain James Cook, that these islands are nou kent.[16]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Section 4 of Fiji Constitution". www.servat.unibe.ch. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  2. Annual official estimate (PDF). 2008 revision. United Nations. 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Fiji". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  5. "Human Development Index – Fiji". United Nations. 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  6. "Fiji Reignites Daylight Saving Time on November 29". timeanddate.com. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2010. 
  7. "FJST – Fiji Summer Time". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  8. "Measles On Long Island". wn.com. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  9. "Fiji: History". infoplease.com. 2005. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  10. "Tourism Fiji : A Social, Political and Environmental Case Study". tamu.edu. 2007. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  11. "CIA World Factbook: Fiji: Economy". cia.gov. 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  12. "Fiji Geography". fijidiscovery.com. 2005. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  13. "Fiji: People". state.gov. 2010-06-28. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  14. "Fiji: Our Government". fiji.gov.fj. 2009-11-09. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  15. "Fiji's president takes over power". bbc.co.uk. 2009-04-10. Retrieved 2010-09-15. [deid airtin]
  16. PDF article frae Fiji Government on Line, section on Europeans in Fiji.