|Naitional motto: Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui
Fear God an honour the Queen
|Offeecial leid||Inglis, Bau Fijian, an Fiji Hindi|
Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -
|Military junta an Parliamentary Republic
President Epeli Nailatikau
|Area||18,274 km (7,056 sq mi)|
|Foondin||Frae the Unitit Kinrick 10 October 1970|
|Time zone||UTC +11|
|Naitional anthem||God Bless Fiji|
Fiji /ˈfiːdʒiː/ ( listen) (Fijian: Matanitu ko Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), offeecially the Republic o the Fiji Islands (Fijian: Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी द्वीप समूह गणराज्य fiji dvip samooh ganarajya), is an island naition in Melanesie in the Sooth Pacific Ocean aboot 2000 km northeast o New Zealand's North Island. Its mair immediate neighbours are Vanuatu tae the wast, Fraunce's New Caledon tae the soothwast, New Zealand's Kermadec tae the sootheast, Tonga tae the east, the Samoas an Fraunce's Wallis an Futuna tae the northeast an Tuvalu tae the north. Fiji haes haed inhabitants since the seicont millennium B.C. In the 17t an 18t centuries, the Dutch an the Breetish explored Fiji. Fiji wis a Breetish colony up till 1970; Breetish occupation lastit amaist a century. Acause o the abundance o forest, mineral, an fish resources, Fiji is ane o the maist developed economies in the Pacific island realm. The day, the main sources o foreign exchynge are its tourist industry an sugar exports. The kintra's currency is the Fijian dollar.
The majority o Fiji's islands wur formed through volcanic activity stairtit aroond 150 million years ago. Today, some geothermal activity still occurs on the islands o Vanua Levu an Taveun. Fiji comprises an archipelago o mair than 332 islands, o which 110 are permanently inhabitit, an mair than 500 islets, amountin tae a total land aurie o ca. 18,300 km2. The twa major islands, Viti Levu an Vanua Levu, accoont for 87% o the population o amaist 850,000. The umwhile contains Suva, the caipital an lairgest ceety. Maist o Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smawer urban centers. Viti Levu's interior is spairsely inhabitit due tae its terrain.
Fiji haes a local government seestem whaur ceety an toun councils fall unner the general supervision o the Meenistry o Local Government an Urban Development. Preses Ratu Epeli Nailatikau became Fiji's preses, efter a hie court ruled that the military leadership wis unlawfully appointit efter a 2006 coup. Durin Warld War II, the Unitit Kinrick alloued for mony thoosans o Fijians tae volunteer tae aid in Allies' efforts via their attachment tae the New Zealand and Australian airmy units. The Republic o Fiji Military Forces (RFMF), comprising o land an naval units defend an protect Fiji.
Fiji's main island is kent as Viti Levu an it is frae this that the name "Fiji" is derived, though the common Inglis pronunciation is based on that o their island neighbours in Tonga. Its emergence wis best described as follaes:
Fijians first impressed themsels on European consciousness through the writins o the members o the expeditions o Cook who met them in Tonga. They wur described as formidable warriors an ferocious cannibals, builders o the finest vessels in the Pacific, but no great sailors. They inspired awe amangst the Tongans, an aw their Manufactures, especially bark cloth an clubs, wur heichlie esteemed an muckle in demand. They cawed their home Viti, but the Tongans called it Fisi, an it wis bi this foreign pronunciation, Fiji, first promulgatit bi Captain James Cook, that these islands are nou kent.
- Dr. A. Tschentscher, LL.M.. Section 4 of Fiji Constitution. Servat.unibe.ch. Retrieved on 3 Mey 2009. .
- Measles On Long Island. wn.com (2010). Retrieved on 15 September 2010. .
- Fiji: History. infoplease.com (2005). Retrieved on 15 September 2010. .
- Tourism Fiji : A Social, Political and Environmental Case Study. tamu.edu (2007). Retrieved on 15 September 2010. .
- CIA World Factbook: Fiji: Economy. cia.gov (2010-08-19). Retrieved on 15 September 2010. .
- Fiji Geography. fijidiscovery.com (2005). Retrieved on 15 September 2010. .
- Fiji: People. state.gov (2010-06-28). Retrieved on 15 September 2010. .
- Fiji: Our Government. fiji.gov.fj (2009-11-09). Retrieved on 15 September 2010. .
- Fiji's president takes over power. bbc.co.uk (2009-04-10). Retrieved on 15 September 2010. .[deid airtin]
- PDF article frae Fiji Government on Line, section on Europeans in Fiji.