Empire o Japan

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Empire o Japan

Dai Nippon Teikoku
1868–1947
Flag Imperial Seal
Motto
八紘一宇
"Hakkō ichiu"
("Universal Britherhuid")
or
("Aw Aicht Corners o the Warld")
Anthem
君が代
"Kimigayo"
("Mey Your Reign Last Forever")
Offeecially translatit:
("Naitional Anthem")
The Empire o Japan in 1942.
Caipital Tokyo
Leid(s) Japanese
Releegion None (de jure) [1]
State Shinto (ex post facto)[2]
Government Absolute monarchy
Wioot the constitution
(1868–90)
Wi the constitution
(1890–1947)[3]
Single-pairty state
(1940-1945)
Emperor
 − 1868–1912 Meiji
 − 1912–1926 Taishō
 − 1926–1947 Shōwa
Prime Meenister
 − 1885–88 Itō Hirobumi (first)
 − 1946–47 Shigeru Yoshida (last)
Legislatur Imperial Diet
 − Upperhoose Hoose o Peers
 − Lowerhoose Hoose o Representatives
Historical era Meiji, Taishō, Shōwa
 - Meiji Restoration 3 Januar[4] 1868
 - Constitution adopted 29 November 1890
 - Russo-Japanese War 10 Februar 1904
 - Paceefic War 1941–45
 - Surrender o Japan 2 September 1945
 - Reconstituted 3 Mey[3] 1947
Aurie
 − 1942 estimate 7,400,000 km2 (2,857,156 sq mi)
Siller Japanese yen,
Korean yen,
Taiwanese yen,
Japanese militar yen
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tokugawa Shogunate
Ryūkyū Kinrick
Republic o Ezo
Qing Dynasty
Roushie Empire
Korean Empire
New Guinea
Unitit States Commonweel o the Philippines Islands
Occupied Japan
Militar Govrenment o the Ryukyu Islands
Republic o Cheenae
Militar Govrenment in Korea
Soviet Ceevil Authority
Soviet Union
Trust Territory o the Paceefic Islands
Unitit States Commonweel o the Philippines Islands
The day pairt o
Empire o Japan
Japanese name
Shinjitai 大日本帝国
Kyūjitai 大日本帝國
Rōmaji Dai Nippon Teikoku
Inglish translation
Offeecial Term Empire o Japan
Literal Translation Empire o Great Japan

The Empire o Japan (大日本帝國 Dai Nippon Teikoku?, literally "Empire o Great Japan") wis an empire an warld pouer that existit frae the Meiji Restoration on 3 Januar 1868 tae the enactment o the post-Warld War II Constitution o Japan on 3 Mey 1947.[3]

Imperial Japan's rapid industrialization an militarization unner the slogan Fukoku Kyōhei (富国強兵?, "Enrich the Kintra, Strengthen the Airmy") led tae its emergence as a warld pouer, eventually culminatin in its membership in the Axis alliance an the conquest o a lairge pairt o the Asie-Paceefic region. At the hicht o its pouer in 1942, the Japanese Empire ruled ower a land aurie spannin 7,400,000 square kilometres (2,857,000 sq mi), makin it ane o the lairgest maritime empires in history.[5]

Efter several lairge-scale militar successes durin the Seicont Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) an the Paceefic War, the Empire o Japan an aa gained notoriety for its war crimes against the fowks o the kintras it conquered. Efter sufferin mony defeats an the atomic bombins o Hiroshima an Nagasaki, however, the Empire o Japan surrendered tae the Allies on 2 September 1945. A period o occupation bi the Allies follaeed the surrender, an a new constitution wis creatit wi American involvement. The constitution came intae force on 3 Mey 1947, offeecially dissolvin the Empire. American occupation an Japanese reconstruction o the kintra continued well intae the 1950s, eventually furmin the current naition-state whose full title is the "State o Japan" (Nippon-koku) simply rendered "Japan" in Inglis.

The Emperors durin this time, which spanned the entire Meiji an Taishō, an the lesser pairt o the Shōwa eras, are nou kent in Japan bi thair posthumous names, which coincide wi those era names: Emperor Meiji (Mutsuhito), Emperor Taishō (Yoshihito), an Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

    • Sarah Thal. "A Religion That Was Not a Religion: The Creation of Modern Shinto in Nineteenth-Century Japan". In The Invention of Religion., eds. Peterson and Walhof (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2002). pp. 100-114
    • Hitoshi Nitta. "Shintō as a ‘Non-Religion’: The Origins and Development of an Idea". In Shintō in History: Ways of the Kami, eds. Breen and Teeuwen (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i, 2000).
    • John Breen, “Ideologues, Bureaucrats and Priests”, in Shintō in History: Ways of the Kami.
    • Hitoshi Nitta. The Illusion of "Arahitogami" "Kokkashintou". Tokyo: PHP Kenkyūjo, 2003.
  1. The existence of a religion was determined ex post facto by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers. See Shinto Directive.
  2. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Chronological table 5 1 December 1946 - 23 June 1947". National Diet Library. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  3. One can date the "restoration" of imperial rule from the edict of 3 January 1868. Jansen, p.334.
  4. Bruce R. Gordon (2005). To Rule the Earth... (See Bibliography for sources used.)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]