Bracciano

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Bracciano
Comune
Comune di Bracciano
A view o the Castello Orsini-Odescalchi.

Coat of arms
Bracciano is located in Italy
Bracciano
Bracciano
Location o Bracciano in Italy
Coordinates: 42°06′N 12°11′E / 42.100°N 12.183°E / 42.100; 12.183
Kintra Italy
Region Lazio
Province Roum
Frazioni Castel Giuliano, Pisciarelli, Sambuco, Vicarello, Vigna di Valle
Government
 • Mayor Giuliano Sala
Area
 • Total 142 km2 (55 sq mi)
Elevation 280 m (920 ft)
Population (31 Dizember 2004)
 • Total 15,509
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demonym Braccianesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00062
Diallin code 06
Patron saunt St. Sebastian
Saunt day 20 Januar
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Bracciano[1] is a smaw toun in the Italian region o Lazio, 30 kilometres (19 miles) northwast o Roum. The toun is famous for its volcanic loch (Lago di Bracciano or "Sabatino", the aicht lairgest loch in Italy) an for a pairticularly well-preservit medieval castle Castello Orsini-Odescalchi. The loch is widely uised for sailin an is popular wi tourists; the castle haes hostit a nummer o events, especially weddins o actors an sangsters.

The toun is servit bi a urban railwey (Line FR3) which connects it wi Roum (stations o Ostiense and Valle Aurelia) in aboot 55 minutes. Close tae it lee the twa medieval touns o Anguillara Sabazia an Trevignano Romano.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare is nae certain information aboot the oreegins o Bracciano, on the Via Claudia owerleukin the loch.[2] It probably rose frae ane o the numerous touers built in the tent century as a defence against the Saracen attacks, as impleed bi the auncient name o Castrum Brachiani. In the eleivent century the neebourin territory wis acquired bi the Prefetti di Vico faimily, who turned the touer intae a castle. Ferdinand Gregorovius datit the possession o Bracciano bi the Orsini tae 1234. The aurie wis later acquired bi the Roman hospital o Santo Spirito in Sassia an, frae 1375, wis a Papal possession.

In 1419 the Colonna Pape Martin V confirmit the fief o Bracciano in the Orsini family branch o Tagliacozzo. Unner this pouerful faimily the ceety developit intae a flourishin toun, famous in the whole o Italy for its castle, which wis enlairgit, stairtin frae 1470, bi Napoleone Orsini an his son Virginio. In 1481 it hoosed Pape Sixtus IV, who haed fled frae the plague in Roum; the Sala Papalina in ane o the corner touers commemorates the event. Fower years later, housomeivver, the ceety an the castle wur ravagit bi Papal troops unner Prospero Colonna, an subsequently a new line o waws wis built.

In 1494 Charles VIII o Fraunce an his troops mairchin against Roum stoppit at Bracciano. This act led tae the excommunication o the Orsini, an in 1496 the ceety wis besiegit bi a papal airmy heidit bi Giovanni di Candia, son o Pape Alexander VI Borgia, tho it resistit successfully. Cesare Borgia, anither o Alexander's natural sons, wis unsuccessful in his attempt tae tak the Orsini stranghauld a few years later. The saxteent century wis a period o splendour for Bracciano. The notorious spendthrift an libertine Paolo Giordano I Orsini, haein marriet in 1558 Isabella de' Medici, dochter o Cosimo I, Grand Duke o Tuscany, receivit the title o duke o Bracciano in 1560. The castello receivit some modrenization for the brief visit o the Medici that year. He hired the maist prestigious penter available in Roum, Taddeo Zuccaro, tae fresco wi allegories an coats-o-airms the fortress' maist prestigious ruim, the Sala Papalinia that haed been occupeed bi Sixtus IV.[3] Isabella spent the remainder of her life avoiding a return to the castle, which a modern tourist tradition would have her haunting.[4]

The economy wis boostit bi the exploitation o sulphur an airn, the production o tapestries an paper. The latter wis favoured bi the construction o a aqueduct whose ruins can still be seen in the ceety. Bracciano in this period haed some 4,500 inhabitants.

Housomeivver, the expensive tenor o life o the Orsini eventually damaged the economic conditions o the ceety. The last great ruler wis probably Paolo Giordano II, a patron o airts an leeteratur who made Bracciano a centre o cultur in Italy. The decline culminatit in 1696 when the castle was sauld tae Livio Odescalchi, nephew o Pape Innocent XI; the Odescalchi faimily still retain the castle.

In the castle, richly frescoed friezes an ceilins nou contrast wi blank waws, which wur hung wi richly-coloured tapestries when the lairds o Bracciano wur in residence. Fortunately, the important late-15t century frieze showin the labours o Hercules[5] is still visible.

The castle seen frae the hospital pairkin lot.

The main economic activities are tourism, services an agricultur. Till the twintiet century the region wis notoriously unhalthy for its malaria, nou eradicatit; as a result, nane o the feene villas wur built at the watter's edge, but aw stuid on halthier rises o grund.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Köppen climate clessification subtype for this climate is "Csa" (Mediterranean climate).[6]

Climate data for Bracciano
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 9
(48)
11
(51)
−15
(5)
16
(60)
21
(69)
25
(77)
29
(84)
29
(84)
25
(77)
19
(66)
14
(57)
10
(50)
15.9
(60.7)
Average laich °C (°F) 3
(37)
4
(39)
5
(41)
7
(44)
11
(51)
14
(57)
17
(62)
17
(62)
15
(59)
11
(51)
7
(44)
4
(39)
9.4
(48.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 112
(4.4)
99
(3.9)
86
(3.4)
76
(3)
56
(2.2)
43
(1.7)
18
(0.7)
46
(1.8)
97
(3.8)
94
(3.7)
150
(5.9)
130
(5.1)
1,006
(39.6)
Source: Weatherbase [7]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Bracciano is pronooncit in three syllables: "Bra-CHA-no"
  2. The modren history is Carla Micheli Giaccone, Bracciano e il suo castelloRome, 1990.
  3. Caroline P. Murphy, Murder of a Medici Princess 2008:80f.
  4. "Given that Isabella could not bear the idea of living in Bracciano when she was alive, it seem,s unlikely she would choose to haunt the castl;e dead," observes Caroline P. Murphy, Murder of a Medici Princess 2008:351.
  5. Malcolm Bull, The Mirror of the Gods, How Renaissance Artists Rediscovered the Pagan Gods, Oxford UP, 2005, ISBN 0-19-521923-6
  6. Climate Summary for Bracciano
  7. . 2013 http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weatherall.php3?s=162240&cityname=Bracciano%2C+Latium%2C+Italy&units=.  Missing or empty |title= (help) Retrieved on July 29, 2013.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]