Anzio

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This article is aboot the ceety. For ither uisses, see Anzio (disambiguation).
Anzio
Comune
Comune di Anzio
View o Anzio
Anzio is located in Italy
Anzio
Anzio
Location o Anzio in Italy
Coordinates: 41°26′52.61″N 12°37′44.59″E / 41.4479472°N 12.6290528°E / 41.4479472; 12.6290528
Kintra Italy
Region Lazio
Province Roum
Frazioni Anzio Colonia, Cincinnato, Falasche, Lavinio Mare, Lavinio Stazione, Lido dei Gigli, Lido dei Pini, Lido delle Sirene, Marechiaro, Villa Claudia, Santa Teresa
Government
 • Mayor Luciano Bruschini
Area
 • Total 43.43 km2 (16.77 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (31 December 2011)
 • Total 49,731
 • Density 1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Demonym Anziati, Portodanzesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00042
Diallin code 06
Patron saunt St. Anthony
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Anzio (Italian pronunciation: [ˈantsjo]) is a ceety an comune on the coast o the Lazio region o Italy, aboot 56 km (35 mi) sooth o Roum.

Well kent for its seaside harbour settin, it is a fishin port an a depairtur point for ferries an hydroplanes tae the Pontine Islands of Ponza, Palmarola an Ventotene. The ceety bears great historical significance as the steid o Operation Shingle, a crucial Allied landin durin Warld War II.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ancient era[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cried Antium in ancient times, it wis the caipital o the Volsci fowk till it wis conquered bi the Romans.

In 493 BC the Roman consul Postumus Cominius Auruncus focht an defeatit twa airmies frae Antium, an as a result captured the Volscian touns o Longula, Pollusca an Corioli (tae the north o Antium).[1]

Wi the latter expansion o Roum it was just far enough awa tae be insulatit frae the riots an tumults o Roum. When Cicero returned frae exile, it wis at Antium that he reassembled the battered remains o his librars, whaur the scrolls wad be secur. Leadin Romans built magnificent seaside villas at Antium. The Julian an Claudian emperors frequently visitit it: Gaius Maecenas haed a villa at Antium; baith Emperor Caligula an Nero wur born in Antium; the latter foondit a colony o veterans an built a new harbour, the projectin moles o which still exist.

Remains o Roman villas are conspicuous aw alang the shore, baith tae the east an tae the north-wast o the toun. Mony auncient wirks o airt hae been foond thare: the Fanciulla d'Anzio, the Borghese Gladiator (in the Louvre) an the Apollo Belvedere (in the Vatican) wur aw discovered in the ruins o villas at Antium.

O the villas, the maist famous wis the Villa o Nero at Antium which cannot be certainly identifee'd, but is generally placit at the so-cried Arco Muto, whaur remains o a theatre (discovered in 1712 an covered up again) exist an aw. It extendit alang the coast o the Capo d'Anzio some 800 metres o seafront. Nero razit the umwhile villa on the steid, whaur Augustus haed receivit a delegation frae Roum tae acclaim him Pater patriae ("Faither o his Kintra") tae rebuild on its foondations a villa on a mair imperial scale, which wis uised bi each Emperor in turn, up tae the Severans. O the famous temple o Fortune (Horace, Od. i. 35) nae remains are kent.

Middle Ages[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the Middle Ages Antium wis desertit in favour o Nettuno: at the end o the 17t century Innocent XII an Clement XI restored the harbour, no on the auld steid but tae the east o it, wi the openin tae the east, a mistak which leads tae its bein frequently siltit up; it haes a deth o aboot 5 m. The sea is encroachin slichtly at Anzio, but some kilometres farther north-wast the auld Roman coast-line nou lees slichtly inland (see Tiber). The Volscian ceety stuid on heicher grund an somewha awa frae the shore, tho it extendit doun tae it. This wis defendit bi a deep ditch, which can still be tracit, an bi waws, a portion o which, on the eastren side, constructit o rectangular blocks o tufa, wis brocht tae licht in 1897.

Warld War II[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Operation Shingle

Anzio an Nettuno are notable as steids o a Alleed forces laundin an aw an the ensuin Battle o Anzio durin Warld War II. The Commonweel Anzio War Cemetery an Beach Head War Cemetery are locatit here.

American forces (5t Airmy) wur surroondit bi Germans in the caves o Pozzoli in Februar 1944 for a week, sufferin hivy casualties. A movie based on the events cawed Anzio (1968, directit bi Edward Dmytryk) wis made, starrin Robert Mitchum an based on a beuk bi Wynford Vaughan-Thomas.

Tor Caldara Touer an the Anzio beach.

On 18 Februar 1944, the Breetish licht cruiser Penelope wis struck bi twa torpedoes aff the coast o Anzio an sunk wi a loss o 417 crew.

In the same region Eric Fletcher Waters lost his life in battle. His son, Roger Waters, become the lead sangster o progressive rock baund Pink Floyd. In his honour an remembrance Roger Waters recordit the sang "The Fletcher Memorial Home", which is the maiden name o Eric Waters' mither. (An aw see "When the Tigers Broke Free".)

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Alang the coast are numerous remains o Roman villas. Ane, the Domus Neroniana, haes been identifee'd as a residence o Nero.

In Anzio can be foond the Anzio Beachhead British Military Cemetery an a Beachhead Museum. The Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial is in nearbi Nettuno.

Aboot 8 kilometres (5 miles) north o the toun thare is a WWF pairk wi sulphur springs an a medieval touer, Tor Caldara.

Aw alang the coast a lairge nummer o beaches an sea resorts can be foond, includin hotels an the famous fish restaurants o the port o Anzio. The ceety ance hostit a Casino that is nae langer active an nou hosts cultural events. In the soothren pairt o the toun, close tae the border wi Nettuno, are mony Italian art nouveau style hooses.

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • P. Brandizzi Vitucci, Antium: Anzio e Nettuno in epoca romana (2000)
  • Antonio Nibby, Dintorni di Roma, i. 181; Notizie degli scavi, passim.
  •  This airticle incorporates text fae a publication nou in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11t ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]