|Comune di Mentana|
|Frazioni||Casali, Castelchiodato, Mezzaluna|
|• Mayor||Altiero Lodi (PD)|
|• Total||24 km2 (9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||150 m (490 ft)|
|Population (28 Februar 2010)|
|• Density||890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saunt||St. Nicholas o Bari|
|Saunt day||December 6|
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Mentana's name in ancient times was Nomentum, to which the Via Nomentana led from Rome. According to Livy, the town was part of the Latin League, which went to war with Rome during the reign of Rome's king Lucius Tarquinius Priscus. Nomentum was one of a number of towns captured by Tarquinius.
It was a Latin town, but was considered by some to be Sabine, and, like Fidenae and Ficulea, was excluded from the first region by Augustus, who made the Anio river its northern boundary. The city was part of the League defeated by Rome in the Battle of Lake Regillus, and was captured definitively in 338 BCE.
Subsequently Nomentum received the civitas sine suffragio; in its municipal constitution the chief magistrate even in imperial times bore the title of dictator. Pliny and Martial often praise the fertility of its neighbourhood.
In 408 CE it is mentioned as a episcopal see, an in 593 it annexed the diocese o Cures. In 741 it wis briefly occupee'd bi the Lombards an the inhabitants muivit tae a new centre on the Via Nomentana which wis mair easily defendable. On 23 November 799, it wis the steid of the meetin o Pape Leo III an Charlemagne.
The Castle o Nomentum wis a possession o the Roman faimily o the Crescenzi in the 10t an 11t century. In 1058 it wis destroyed bi the Normans an the population wis drastically reducit. The castle wis acquired bi the Capocci faimily an, later, the Holy See entrustit it tae the Benedictine monks o San Paolo fuori le Mura.
In the 15t century it wis unner control o the Orsini faimily. In 1484 it wis damagit bi an yirdquauk. In 1594 it became a fief o the Perett faimily, first unner Michele Perett o Venafro, an then in 1655 it came unner the control o Marcantonio Borghese an the Hoose o Borghese.
On 3 November 1867 the ceety wis the steid o the Battle o Mentana atween French-Papal troops an the Italian volunteers led bi Giuseppe Garibaldi, who wur attemptin tae captur Roum in order tae incorporate it intae the newly unifee'd Kinrick o Italy. The battle endit in a victory bi the French-Papal troops. In Mentana, the monument Ara dei Caduti (Altar o the Fawen) is built ower the mass grave o the Italian patriots who dee'd in the battle.
Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]
- The Castle (c. 1000), hoosin the Airchaeological Museum an is a steid o airt exhibitions.
- Palazzo Crescenzio
- Funerar Monument o the Appulei, a 2nt-century BC travertine frieze
- Museum o the Risorgimento
- Science Museum.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Mentana.|