Artemisa wis the lairgest ceety an municipality o the umwhile La Habana province. The newly formit province comprises the 8 western municipalities of La Habana, and incorporates 3 eastern municipalities from the neighbour Pinar del Río province (Bahía Honda, Candelaria and San Cristóbal). The capital and largest city is Artemisa (44,000 pop.).
The new province is anerlie lairger than Havana ceety an Mayabeque, but wi mair population that ither fower Cuban provinces. It is the maist densely populatit, efter Havana ceety an Santiago de Cuba.
The economy o the Artemisa province is based mainly on agricultur (fruits, potatoes, rice, vegetables, sugar cane) an industry o biggin materials (twa cement factories), fuid processin industry an pouer plants. It comprises the important port o Mariel in the northren coast. The province is important an aw in the militar sector wi the main Cuban Air Force base (San Antonio de los Baños) the Wastren base o the Cuban Navy (Cabañas Bay) an the Militar Academy (College) "Antonio Maceo" in Caimito.