Holguín Province

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Holguín Province
Province o Cuba
Kintra Cuba
Caipital Holguín
Area[1]
 • Total 9,209.71 km2 (3,555.89 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,037,161
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-024
Website Holguín.cu

Holguín is ane o the provinces o Cuba, the third maist populous efter Ciudad de la Habana an Santiago de Cuba. It lees in the northeast o the kintra. Its major ceeties include Holguín (the caipital), Banes, Antilla, Mayarí, an Moa.

The province haes a population o slichtly ower ane million fowk. Its territory exceeds 9,300 km2 (3,600 sq mi), 25 percent o which are covered bi forest.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Statue o Christopher Columbus near Guardalavaca

Christopher Columbus landit in what is believed tae hae been the day's Holguín province on October 27, 1492. He declared that it was "the maist bonnie kintra human eyes haed iver seen".

The Holguín province wis established in 1978, when it wis split frae the Oriente region.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Like hintle o Cuba, Holguín's economy is based aroond sugarcane, though ither crops such as corn an coffee, as well as minin, are an aw lairge earners for the province.

A large cobalt processin plant wi shippin facilities wis built at Moa, uisin foreign investment, hintle o it frae Canadae. Chromium, nickel, iron an steel plants dot the province as well.

Tourism haes anerlie recently begun tae be developed, afferin beach resorts in the ootskirts o the region, wi a number o hotels aroond the Guardalavaca aurie, Playa Pesquero, an Cayo Saetia. The Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve Sierra Cristal Naitional Pairk an Alejandro de Humboldt National Park are pairtly locatit in the province.

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Holguín is dividit intae 14 municipalities:

Municipality Population
(2004)
Aurie
(km²)
Location Remarks
Antilla &1000000000001222200000012,222 &10000000000000100000000100 20°50′55″N 75°45′9″W / 20.84861°N 75.75250°W / 20.84861; -75.75250 (Antilla)
Báguanos &1000000000005285400000052,854 &10000000000000806000000806 20°45′47″N 76°01′46″W / 20.76306°N 76.02944°W / 20.76306; -76.02944 (Báguanos)
Banes &1000000000008127400000081,274 &10000000000000781000000781 20°58′12″N 75°42′41″W / 20.97000°N 75.71139°W / 20.97000; -75.71139 (Banes)
Cacocum &1000000000004262300000042,623 &10000000000000661000000661 20°44′38″N 76°19′27″W / 20.74389°N 76.32417°W / 20.74389; -76.32417 (Cacocum)
Calixto García &1000000000005786700000057,867 &10000000000000617000000617 20°51′15″N 76°36′7″W / 20.85417°N 76.60194°W / 20.85417; -76.60194 (Calixto Garcia) Buenaventura
Cueto &1000000000003450300000034,503 &10000000000000326000000326 20°38′54″N 75°55′54″W / 20.64833°N 75.93167°W / 20.64833; -75.93167 (Cueto)
Frank País &1000000000002562100000025,621 &10000000000000510000000510 20°39′53″N 75°16′53″W / 20.66472°N 75.28139°W / 20.66472; -75.28139 (Frank País) Cayo Mambí
Gibara &1000000000007281000000072,810 &10000000000000630000000630 21°06′26″N 76°08′12″W / 21.10722°N 76.13667°W / 21.10722; -76.13667 (Gibara)
Holguín &10000000000326740000000326,740 &10000000000000666000000666 20°53′20″N 76°15′26″W / 20.88889°N 76.25722°W / 20.88889; -76.25722 (Holguín) Provincial Caipital
Mayarí &10000000000105505000000105,505 &100000000000013070000001,307 20°39′34″N 75°40′40″W / 20.65944°N 75.67778°W / 20.65944; -75.67778 (Mayarí)
Moa &1000000000007107900000071,079 &10000000000000730000000730 20°38′24″N 74°55′3″W / 20.64000°N 74.91750°W / 20.64000; -74.91750 (Moa)
Rafael Freyre &1000000000005008000000050,080 &10000000000000620000000620 21°01′42″N 75°59′47″W / 21.02833°N 75.99639°W / 21.02833; -75.99639 (Rafael Freyre)
Sagua de Tánamo &1000000000005201300000052,013 &10000000000000704000000704 20°35′10″N 75°14′30″W / 20.58611°N 75.24167°W / 20.58611; -75.24167 (Sagua de Tánamo)
Urbano Noris &1000000000004389200000043,892 &10000000000000846000000846 20°36′5″N 76°07′57″W / 20.60139°N 76.13250°W / 20.60139; -76.13250 (Urbano Noris)
Source: Population frae 2004 Census.[2] Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.[3]

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2004, the province o Holguin haed a population o 1,029,083.[2] Wi a total aurie o 9,292.83 km2 (3,587.98 sq mi),[4] the province haed a population density o 110.7 /km2 (287 /sq mi).

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población". Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.  (Spainyie)
  3. Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  4. Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province". Retrieved 2007-10-02.  (Spainyie)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]