Artemisa

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Artemisa
Municipality
Artemisa is located in Cuba
Artemisa
Location o Artemisa in Cuba
Coordinates: 22°48′49″N 82°45′48″W / 22.81361°N 82.76333°W / 22.81361; -82.76333
Kintra  Cuba
Province Artemisa
Area[1]
 • Total 690 km2 (270 sq mi)
Elevation 50 m (160 ft)
Population (2004)[2]
 • Total 81,209
 • Density 117.7/km2 (305/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-47

Artemisa is a municipality an ceety in Cuba, umwhile pairt o La Habana Province. Accordin tae a law appruivit bi the Cuban Naitional Assembly in August 2010, Artemisa became the caipital ceety o the newly formit Artemisa Province, which comprises 8 municipalities o the umwhile La Habana Province an 3 frae Pinar del Río.[3]

Artemisa wis an important source o fechters supportin Fidel Castro's Revolution durin the attack on "Cuartel Moncada" in Santiago de Cuba (1953) an Sierra Maestra Guerrilla (1956–1959). The Martyrs Mausoleum (Mausoleo de los Mártires) in Artemisa is a Naitional Monument o Cuba.[4]

The Martyrs Mausoleum (Mausoleo de los Mártires) in Artemisa

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2004, the municipality o Artemisa haed a population o 81,209.[2] Wi a total aurie o 690 km2 (270 sq mi),[1] it haes a population densitie o 117.7 /km2 (305 /sq mi).

The municipality is dividit intae the barrios o Las Cañas, Lavandero (El Pilar), Cayajabos, Lincoln (Andorra), Pijirigua, Puerta de la Güira, Las Mangas, Neptuno an El Corojal.

The oreegin o the name o Artemisa is uncertain. It haes been argued tae hae oreeginatit frae the Greek goddess Artemis (Diana, in the Roman version) or that it refers tae the name o Ragweed in Spainyie, Artemisia (Ambrosia artemisifolia), abundant at the time.

Artemisa is widely known among Artemiseños by the name Jardín de Cuba (Garden of Cuba). Its ferric red soil is also an outstanding feature, and provides great fertility to the area, which produces banana, tobacco, sugar cane, and minor fruits. Due to the color of the soil, Artemisa is known as Villa Roja (Red Village).

Places o historical importance include the Cafetal Angerona (namit efter Angerona, the goddess o silence an fertility, an protector o Roum), which is currently in ruins. Its remains evoke a period o great abundance, business development, love affairs, an slavery. The cafetal belangit tae the German entrepreneur Cornelio Souchay who fell in love wi the black Haitian, Úrsula Lambert. The couple livit their romance in secret due tae the taboos o the period.

The Hotel Campoamor, built bi Asturiano Fernando González-Campoamor, haes played an important role syne it wis feenished in 1911. Mony important figurs visitit the place, includin Rita Longa, Ernest Hemingway, Juan Marinello, Gabriela Mistral, an Ignacio Villa "Bola de Nieve." Centrales azucareros (Sugar mills) Pilar an Lavandero are landmarks o the ceety, as well as the mansion o sugar magnate, Julio Lobo.

Church of Artemisa

Artemisa's patron saunt is Saunt Mark the Evangelist. The kirk o Artemisa is locatit in The Pairk (el Parque). The biggin wis renovatit due tae efforts made bi Faither Antonio Rodriguez Dias, the haurd wirk an cooperation o mony Artemiseños, an generous monetary donations frae German brethren.

Important personalities in the history o Cuba wur born or livit in Artemisa. Amang them Magdalena Peñaredonda, a poetess an journalist, appointed as caiptain o rebel forces durin the war o unthirldom, Faither Guillermo González Arocha, born in Regla, but whose significant contribution tae the unthirldom o Cuba wis carriet oot while a priest in Artemisa, is considered an adoptit son o the ceety. This priest foondit a schuil an haed the cemetery o the ceety built an aw.

Artemisa belangit tae Pinar del Río Province till 1970.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07.  (Spainyie)
  3. http://www.cubadebate.cu/noticias/2010/06/07/cuba-tiene-dos-nuevas-provincias-artemisa-y-mayabeque/
  4. National Council for Cultural Heritage. "National Monuments in Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-09.  (Spainyie)