American Revolutionary War

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American Revolutionary War
Rev collage.png
Clockwise frae tap left: Battle o Bunker Hill, Daith o Montgomery at the Battle o Quebec, Battle o Cowpens, "Moonlight Battle"
Date Aprile 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783
(8 years, 4 months, 2 weeks and 1 day)
Location Eastren North Americae, Gibraltar, Balearic Islands, Central Americae;
French, Dutch, an British colonial possessions in the Indian subcontinent, Africae an elsewhere;

European coastal watters, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic an Indian Oceans

Result American independence
Territorial
changes
Britain loses aurie east o Mississippi River an sooth o Great Lakes & St. Lawrence River tae independent Unitit States & tae Spain; Spain gains East Florida, Wast Florida an Minorca; Britain cedes Tobago an Senegal tae Fraunce.
Dutch Republic cedes Negapatnam tae Britain.
Belligerents
Banner o Unitit States Unitit States
Kinrick o Fraunce Fraunce (1778–83)
Spain Spain (1779–83)
Banner o Dutch Republic Dutch Republic (1780–83)

Co-belligerents:
Mysore (1779–84)
Vermont (1777–83)
Oneida
Tuscarora
Watauga Association
Catawba
Lenape

 Great Breetain

Co-belligerents
Onondaga
Mohawk
Cayuga
Seneca
Cherokee

Commanders an leaders
Unitit States George Washington
Unitit States Nathanael Greene
Unitit States Horatio Gates
Unitit States Richard Montgomery 
Unitit States Daniel Morgan
Unitit States Henry Knox
Unitit States Benedict Arnold (Defectit)
Unitit States Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
Unitit States Marquis de La Fayette
Kinrick o Fraunce Comte de Rochambeau
Kinrick o Fraunce Comte de Grasse
Kinrick o Fraunce Duc de Crillon
Kinrick o Fraunce Bailli de Suffren
Spain Bernardo de Gálvez
Spain Luis de Córdova
Spain Juan de Lángara
Hyder Ali
Tipu Sultan
...full leet
Kinrick o Great Breetain Lord North
Kinrick o Great Breetain Sir William Howe
Kinrick o Great Breetain Thomas Gage
Kinrick o Great Breetain Sir Henry Clinton
Kinrick o Great Breetain Lord Cornwallis (POW)
Kinrick o Great Breetain Sir Guy Carleton
Kinrick o Great Breetain John Burgoyne (POW)
Kinrick o Great Breetain George Eliott
Kinrick o Great Breetain Benedict Arnold
Kinrick o Great Breetain George Rodney
Kinrick o Great Breetain Richard Howe
Kinrick o Great Breetain Sir Hector Munro
Kinrick o Great Breetain Wilhelm von Knyphausen
Joseph Brant
...full leet
Strength
At Hicht:

35,000 Continentals
44,500 Militia
5,000 Continental Navy sailors (at hicht in 1779)[1]
53 ships (active service at some pynt during the war)[1]
12,000 French (in Americae)
~60,000 French an Spainyie (in Europe)[2]

At Hicht:

56,000 Breetish
78 Ryal Navy ships in 1775[1] 171,000 Sailors[3]
30,000 Germans[4]
50,000 Lyalists[5]
13,000 Natives[6]

Casualties an losses
American: 25,000 dead
  • 8,000 in battle
  • 17,000 bi ither causes

Tot American casualties: up tae 50,000 dead an woondit[7]
Allies: 6,000± French an Spainyie (in Europe)
2,000 French (in Americae)

20,000± Soldiers frae the Breetish airmy dead an woondit

19,740 sailors dead (1,240 in Battle) [3]
42,000 sailors desertit [3]
7,554 German dead

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the American War o Unthirldom,[N 1] or simply the Revolutionary War in the Unitit States, began as a war atween the Kinrick o Great Breetain an the Thirteen Colonies, but gradually grew intae a warld war atween Breetain on ane side an the newly furmed Unitit States, Fraunce, Netherlands, Spain, an Mysore on the ither. American unthirldon wis achieved an European pouers recognized the unthirldom o the Unitit States, wi mixed results for the ither naitions involved.[N 2]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Breetish writers generally favor "American War o Unthirldom", "American Rebellion", or "War o American Unthirldom". See Omohundro Institute o Early American History an Culture, Bibliography at the Michigan State University for uisage in teetles.
  2. In this airticle, indwallers o the thirteen colonies that supportit the American Revolution are primarily referred tae as "Americans", wi occasional references tae "Patriots", "Whigs", "Rebels" or "Revolutionaries". Colonists who supported the Breetish in opposin the Revolution are referred tae as "Lyalists" or "Tories". The geographical aurie o the thirteen colonies is eften referred tae simply as "America".

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Jack P. Greene and J. R. Pole. A Companion to the American Revolution (Wiley-Blackwell, 2003), p. 328.
  2. Montero[whit? clarification needit] p. 356
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Mackesy (1964), pp. 6, 176 (British seamen)
  4. A. J. Berry, A Time of Terror (2006) p. 252
  5. Claude, Van Tyne, The Loyalists in the American Revolution (1902) pp. 182–3.
  6. Greene and Pole (1999), p. 393; Boatner (1974), p. 545
  7. American dead and wounded: Shy, pp. 249–50. The lower figure for number of wounded comes from Chambers, p. 849.