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Location o Zhangye Prefectur athin Gansu

Zhangye (simplifeed Cheenese: 张掖; traditeeonal Cheenese: 張掖; pinyin: Zhāngyè) is a prefectur-level ceety in Cheenae's Gansu province.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Zhangye is in the centre o the Hexi Corridor. The aurie wis the frontier for hintle o Cheenae's history, formin a naitural passage tae the Central Asian portion o the empire. In fact, the name Zhangye (lit. "tae extend the airm") is an abbreviation o 国臂,以通西域 (lit. Tae extend the airm o the kintra, throu tae the Wastren Realm. Durin the Wastren Han dynasty, Cheenese armies war eften engaged against the Xiongnu in this aurie. It wis an aa an important section o the Silk Road.

The ceety wis ance kent as Ganzhou (甘州), a name retained baith in the municipal region seat Ganzhou Destrict an the Gan o the province o Gansu. In The Travels of Marco Polo, Marco Polo describes spendin a year in a ceety cried Campichu, which haes been identifee'd wi Ganzhou (Zhangye).[1]

Geography an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Zhangye is locatit in far wastren Gansu province. In the north it borders Inner Mongolie an in the sooth Qinghai. It haes a lairge aurie o 42,000 km² an is blessed wi numerous streams, abundant sunlicht an fertile soil, makin it an important agricultural centre for Gansu an aw o Cheenae.

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

Zhangye haes 1 urban destrict, 4 coonties, 1 autonomous coonty, 97 touns, an 977 veelages.

# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2004 est.)
Aurie (km²) Density
1 Ganzhou Destrict 甘州区 Gānzhōu Qū 500,000 4,240 120
2 Minle Coonty 民乐县 Mínlè Xiàn 240,000 3,687 65
3 Linze Coonty 临泽县 Línzé Xiàn 150,000 2,777 54
4 Gaotai Coonty 高台县 Gāotái Xiàn 160,000 4,312 37
5 Shandan Coonty 山丹县 Shāndān Xiàn 190,000 5,402 35
6 Sunan Yugur Autonomous Coonty 肃南裕固族自治县 Sùnán Yùgùzú
40,000 20,456 2

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Near Aviko french fry factory in Liuba Toun, Minle Coonty, Zhangye

Zhangye haes a tot population o 1,260,000, anerlie 260,000 bein urban residents. Thare are 26 ethnic minorities ither than Han representit includin mony Hui, Yugur an Tibetans.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Zhangye is served bi Cheenae Naitional Heich-gates 227 an 312, an the Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 2002 GDP wis 7.566 billion RMB, amaist 9% growthe ower the previous year. Annual urban income wis 5960 RMB,10.4% growthe frae the previous year an rural income wis 3092 RMB, up 5%.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Travels of Marco Polo, by Marco Polo , translated by Henry Yule. Book 1, Chapter 45.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 38°56′N 100°27′E / 38.933°N 100.450°E / 38.933; 100.450