Victoria, Hong Kong

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Victoria, Hong Kong
Victoria City and Kowloon 1915.jpg
A 1915 map showin Victoria City at the bottom
Tradeetional Cheenese 維多利亞城/域多利

Victoria, Victoria City, or statutorily, the City of Victoria,[1] wis ane o the first urban dounsets in Hong Kong efter it became a Breetish colony in 1842. It wis initially namit Queenstown but wis suin kent as Victoria. It is aften said tae be the caipital o Hong Kong,[2][3] an amaist aw govrenment depairtments still hae thair heid offices locatit athin its leemit.

Victoria City expandit ower hintle o what is nou Central, Sheung Wan, and Wan Chai.[4] Housomeivver, the ceety name Victoria haes been eclipsed bi Central in popular usage.[5][dubious ] It is nivertheless retained in the names o various organisations in reference tae the Victoria City, sic as the Victoria City District o the Hong Kong Scout,[6] an the Victoria Junior Chamber.[7] The name Victoria District Court haed been uised intae the 1980s,[8][9][10][11] when it wis muivit tae the Wanchai Tower an combined wi ither destrict courts in the territory.

Location[eedit | eedit soorce]

Boundary stane at Auld Peak Road

The ceety is centred in present-day Central, an namit efter Queen Victoria in 1843. It occupees the areas that are kent in modren times as Central, Admiralty, Sheung Wan, Wan Chai, East Point, Shek Tong Tsui, the Mid-levels, the Peak, Happy Valley, Tin Hau, an Kennedy Town, on Hong Kong Island. In 1903, the Hong Kong Govrenment erectit seiven boondar stanes for the ceety, inscribit "City Boundary 1903" at Hatton Road (克頓道), Pok Fu Lam Road, Bowen Road, Old Peak Road (舊山頂道), Wong Nai Chung Road, Victoria Road/Sai Ning Street (西寧街) an Magazine Gap Road. Aw remain, except for the ane in Magazine Gap Road, which disappeared aroond mid-Juin, 2007.[12][13][14]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1857, the Breetish govrenment expandit the scowp o Victoria City an dividit it intae fower "wans" (環, jyutping: waan4, pinyin: huàn, literally rings). The fower wans are Sai Wan ("Wast Ring" in Cheenese, present-day Sai Wan, includin Kennedy Town, Shek Tong Tsui, an Sai Ying Pun), Sheung Wan ("Upper Ring" in Cheenese, present-day Sheung Wan), Choong Wan or Chung Wan ("Central Ring" in Cheenese, present-day Central) an Ha Wan ("Lawer Ring" in Cheenese, present-day Wan Chai). Except "Ha Wan"; "Sai Wan", "Sheung Wan" an "Choong Wan" retain the same name in Cheenese the day.

The fower wans are further dividit intae nine "yeuks" (約, jyutping: joek3, pinyin: yuē, seemilar tae "destrict" or "neebourheid"). The coverage includit pairts o East Point an Happy Valley (Wast o Wong Nai Chung Road on the east side o the Racecourse) an aw. In 1903, boondar stanes wur establisht tae merk the Ceety's boondar an sax o thaim are still preservit the day. The stanes spread frae Causeway Bay tae Kennedy Town.[15]

In the 1890s the caipital ceety extendit 6 km wast tae east alang the coastal strip. Biggins wur made o granite an brick. Buses an the new tramwey wad acome the main form o transportation in the aurie.[16]

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cried yeuks an aw.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cap 1 Sched 1 Boundaries of the City of Victoria; Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance. Bilingual Laws Information System. Department of Justice. Accessed on 2011-04-11.
  2. The Hong Kong Institute of Architects Architecture Walk Central (2006), p.17
  3. http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Hong-Kong
  4. Wordie, Jason (2002). Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong University Press. p. 12. ISBN 962-209-563-1.
  5. Tsang, Steve (2004). A Modern History of Hong Kong. I.B. Tauris. p. 17. ISBN 1-84511-419-1.
  6. Victoria City District
  7. Victoria Junior Chamber
  8. Volume 22 Inland Revenue Board of Review decisions
  9. CACC497/1986 The Queen v. Chan Ngai Hung
  10. CACC186A/1987 The Queen v Currency Brokers (H.K.) Ltd and Robert Lee Flickinger
  11. CACC133A/1986 The Queen v. Wai Hin Keung
  12. Antiquities and Monuments Office website: "Boundary Stone, City of Victoria"
  13. List of boundary stones, with pictures (in Cheenese)
  14. Apple Daily article about the boundary stones, 2007-08-19 (in Cheenese)
  15. Wordie, Jason. [2002] (2002) Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 962-209-563-1
  16. Sanderson, Edgar (1897–1898). The British Empire in the nineteenth century: its progress and expansion at home and abroad. IV. London: Blackie and Son. p. 339. LCCN 02002538. OCLC 11625716. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 22°16′42″N 114°10′28″E / 22.27833°N 114.17444°E / 22.27833; 114.17444