Victoria, Hong Kong
|Victoria, Hong Kong|
A 1915 map showin Victoria City at the bottom
Victoria, Victoria City, or statutorily, the City of Victoria, wis ane o the first urban dounsets in Hong Kong efter it became a Breetish colony in 1842. It wis initially namit Queenstown but wis suin kent as Victoria. It is aften said tae be the caipital o Hong Kong,  an amaist aw govrenment depairtments still hae their heid offices locatit athin its limit.
Victoria City expandit ower hintle o what is now Central, Sheung Wan, and Wan Chai. Housomeivver, the ceety name Victoria haes been eclipsed bi Central in popular usage.[dubious ] It is nivertheless retained in the names o various organisations in reference tae the Victoria City, such as the Victoria City District o the Hong Kong Scout, and the Victoria Junior Chamber. The name Victoria District Court haed been uised intae the 1980s, when it wis muivit tae the Wanchai Tower an combined wi ither destrict courts in the territory.
Location[eedit | eedit soorce]
The ceety is centred in present-day Central, an namit efter Queen Victoria in 1843. It occupees the areas that are kent in modren times as Central, Admiralty, Sheung Wan, Wan Chai, East Point, Shek Tong Tsui, the Mid-levels, the Peak, Happy Valley, Tin Hau, an Kennedy Town, on Hong Kong Island. In 1903, the Hong Kong Govrenment erectit seiven boondar stanes for the ceety, inscribit "City Boundary 1903" at Hatton Road (克頓道), Pok Fu Lam Road, Bowen Road, Old Peak Road (舊山頂道), Wong Nai Chung Road, Victoria Road/Sai Ning Street (西寧街) an Magazine Gap Road. Aw remain, except for the ane in Magazine Gap Road, which disappeared aroond mid-Juin, 2007.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
In 1857, the Breetish govrenment expandit the scowp o Victoria City an dividit it intae fower "wans" (環, jyutping: waan4, pinyin: huàn, literally rings). The fower wans are Sai Wan ("Wast Ring" in Cheenese, present-day Sai Wan, includin Kennedy Town, Shek Tong Tsui, an Sai Ying Pun), Sheung Wan ("Upper Ring" in Cheenese, present-day Sheung Wan), Choong Wan or Chung Wan ("Central Ring" in Cheenese, present-day Central) an Ha Wan ("Lawer Ring" in Cheenese, present-day Wan Chai). Except "Ha Wan"; "Sai Wan", "Sheung Wan" an "Choong Wan" retain the same name in Cheenese the day.
The fower wans are further dividit intae nine "yeuks" (約, jyutping: joek3, pinyin: yuē, similar tae "destrict" or "neebourheid"). The coverage includit pairts o East Point an Happy Valley (Wast o Wong Nai Chung Road on the east side o the Racecourse) an aw. In 1903, boondar stanes wur establisht tae mark the Ceety's boondar an sax o thaim are still preservit the day. The stanes spread frae Causeway Bay tae Kennedy Town.
In the 1890s the caipital ceety extendit 6 km wast tae east alang the coastal strip. Biggins wur made o granite an brick. Buses an the new tramwey wad become the main form o transportation in the aurie.
Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]
Cried yeuks an aw.
- Sai Ying Poon
- Taipingshan - Victoria Peak or The Peak or Mount Austin
- Sheung Wan
- Choong Wan (kent in modren times as Central in Inglis)
- Ha Wan (the day's Admiralty)
- Wan Chai
- Bowrington (atween the day's Wan Chai an Causeway Bay)
- Soo Kun Po
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Cap 1 Sched 1 Boundaries of the City of Victoria; Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance. Bilingual Laws Information System. Department of Justice. Accessed on 2011-04-11.
- The Hong Kong Institute of Architects Architecture Walk Central (2006), p.17
- Wordie, Jason (2002). Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong University Press. p. 12. ISBN 962-209-563-1.
- Tsang, Steve (2004). A Modern History of Hong Kong. I.B. Tauris. p. 17. ISBN 1-84511-419-1.
- Victoria City District
- Victoria Junior Chamber
- Volume 22 Inland Revenue Board of Review decisions
- CACC497/1986 The Queen v. Chan Ngai Hung
- CACC186A/1987 The Queen v Currency Brokers (H.K.) Ltd and Robert Lee Flickinger
- CACC133A/1986 The Queen v. Wai Hin Keung
- Antiquities and Monuments Office website: "Boundary Stone, City of Victoria"
- List of boundary stones, with pictures (Cheenese)
- Apple Daily article about the boundary stones, 2007-08-19 (Cheenese)
- Wordie, Jason.  (2002) Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 962-209-563-1
- Sanderson, Edgar (1897–1898). The British Empire in the nineteenth century: its progress and expansion at home and abroad. IV. London: Blackie and Son. p. 339. LCCN 02002538. OCLC 11625716.
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Victoria City.|
- Boundary of the City of Victoria as defined in Hong Kong Laws, Cap 1 SCHED 1 of Hong Kong Law
- Article on history of Hong Kong (Cheenese)
- Photos of the 1903 boundary stones
- A article on the "four wans and nine yeuks" in Chinese (Adobe PDF format)
- Another article on "four wans and nine yeuks" (Cheenese (PRC))
- Victoria City - Provisional Urban Council
- Victoria City - Provisional Urban Council