St Helens, Merseyside

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St Helens (Aboot this soondpronunciation ) is a lairge toun[1][2] in Lancashire, Ingland. It is the lairgest dounset an admeenistrative centre o the Metropolitan Borough o St Helens wi a population o juist ower 100,000, pairt o an urban aurie wi a tot population o 176,843 at the time o the 2001 Census.[3] The toun wis offeecially incorporatit as a Municipal Borough in 1868 responsible for the admeenistration o the 4 tounships consistin o Eccleston, Parr, Sutton an Windle, wi the lairger responsibility as a Coonty Borough established in 1887 (supersedit in 1974 bi the lairger still Metropolitan Borough).

St Helens is situatit in the far sooth wast o the historic coonty o Lancashire, in North Wast Ingland, 6 miles (9.7 km) north o the River Mersey. The toun historically lay athin the auncient Lancashire diveesion o Wast Derby kent as a "hunder".[4]

The local aurie developed rapidly durin the Industrial Revolution o the 18t an 19t century intae a significant centre for coal minin,[5][6] an glassmaking.[7][8] Baith prior an durin this time it wis an aa hame tae a cotton an linen industry (notably sail makin)[9] that lastit till the mid-19t century as well as salt,[5] lime an alkali pits,[9] copper smeltin,[10][11][12] an brewin.[13]

The day, St Helens is vera muckle a commercial toun. The main industries hae syne left, acome ootdatit, or hae been ootsourced leavin the float an patterned rolled glass producer Pilkingtons, a warld leader in thair industry, as the toun's ane remainin lairge industrial employer. Previously the toun haed been hame tae Beechams (nou pairt o GlaxoSmithKline), the Gamble faimily o the Alkali Works, Ravenhead glass (bought oot bi the Belgian naitionalised Durobor),[14] United Glass Bottles (U.G.B.), Triplex (awned bi Pilkington, farmed oot tae Indie), Daglish Foundry (closed an demolished 1939),[15] an Greenall's (nou locatit in nearbi Warrington).

Internaitional links[eedit | eedit soorce]

St Helens haes links wi twa twin touns:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lewis, Samuel (editor) (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. Hedon - Helmington. pp. 466–470. ISBN 0806315083. 
  2. University of Portsmouth. "Administrative unit: St Helens Civil Parish". visionofbritain.org.uk. 
  3. Census 2001. "Census 2001: St.Helens population". statistics.gov.uk. 
  4. University of Portsmouth. "Administrative Unit West Derby Hundred". visionofbritain.org.uk. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Barker, T.C & Harris, J.R. (1994). Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution: St. Helens, 1750-1900. Routledge. pp. 3–11. ISBN 0714645559. 
  6. St. Helens Choral Society. "Origin of St. Helens". sthelenschoralsociety.org. 
  7. Barker, T.C & Harris, J.R. (1994). Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution: St. Helens, 1750-1900. Routledge. pp. 108–120. ISBN 0714645559. 
  8. Barker, T.C & Harris, J.R. (1994). Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution: St. Helens, 1750-1900. Routledge. pp. 202–223. ISBN 0714645559. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Barker, T.C & Harris, J.R. (1994). Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution: St. Helens, 1750-1900. Routledge. pp. 120–131. ISBN 0714645559. 
  10. Barker, T.C & Harris, J.R. (1994). Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution: St. Helens, 1750-1900. Routledge. pp. 223–246. ISBN 0714645559. 
  11. Barker, T.C & Harris, J.R. (1994). Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution: St. Helens, 1750-1900. Routledge. pp. 75–90. ISBN 0714645559. 
  12. Head, Sir George (1836). A home tour through the manufacturing districts of England, in the summer of 1835. Harper & Brothers. pp. 78–83. 
  13. Barker, T.C & Harris, J.R. (1994). Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution: St. Helens, 1750-1900. Routledge. pp. 90–108. ISBN 0714645559. 
  14. House of Commons report. "Ravenheads cause taken to Parliament, 2001". parliament.uk. 
  15. Stephen Daglish. "The Daglish Foundry, St. Helens". daglishfamily.blogspot.com.