Sejong

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Sejong Daewang
세종대왕 - 世宗大王
Ring1418 – 1450
Coronation18 September 1418(1418-09-18) (aged 21)
PredecessorTaejong
SuccessorMunjong
RegentTaejong (1418–1422)
Born15 Mey 1397(1397-05-15)
Hansung, Joseon[1]
Dee'd8 Apryle 1450(1450-04-08) (aged 52)
Hansung, Joseon
Issue10 legitimate issues out of 22:
— Ps. JungSo (b. 1412),
Munjong of Joseon (b. 1414),
— Ps. JungUi (b. 1415),
Sejo of Joseon (b.1417),
— Pe. AhnPyung (b. 1418),
— Pe. ImYung (b. 1419),
— Pe. GuangPyung (b. 1425),
— Pe. GeumSung (b. 1426),
— Pe. PyungWon (b. 1427),
— Pe. YungEung (b. 1434)
HooseHouse of Yi
FaitherTaejong
MitherQueen-Consort Wongyeong
ReleegionConfucianism[2]
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanisationSejong Daewang
McCune–ReischauerSejong Taewang
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanisationI Do
McCune–ReischauerYi To
Bairnheid name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanisationWon Jeong
McCune–ReischauerWŏn Chŏng
Statue o Sejong, locatit in Seoul

Sejong the Great (15 Mey 1397 – 8 Apryle 1450, r. 1418–1450) wis the fowert keeng o Joseon. Born wi the faimily name Yi (; ), gien name Do (; ), faimily oreegin Jeonju (전주; 全州), sobriquet Wonjung (원정; 元正). Posthumous name is Sejong (세종; 世宗). Posthumous title, abbreviatit, is JangHun Great Keeng (장헌대왕; 莊憲大王),[3] an offeecial title is Sejong Jangheon Yeongmun Yemu Inseong Myeonghyo Daewang (세종 장헌 영문 예무 인성 명효 대왕; 世宗 莊憲 英文 睿武 仁聖 明孝 大王).[4] He wis the third son atween King Taejong an Queen-Consort Min. He wis designatit as heir-apparent, Grand Prince, efter his aulder brither Jae wis strippit o his title. He ascendit tae the throne in 1418. Durin the first fower years o his reign, Taejong govrened as regent, an this wis when his faither-in-law, Shim Ohn, an his close associates wur executit.

Sejong reinforcit Confucian policies an executit major legal amendments (공법; 貢法). He owersaw the creation o Hangul an aw, encouragit advancements o scientific technology, an institutit mony ither efforts tae stabilize an impruive prosperity. He dispatched militar campaigns tae the north an instawed Samin Policy (사민정책; 徙民政策) tae attract new settlers tae the region. Tae the sooth, he subjugatit Japanese raiders an captured Tsushima Island.

Durin his reign frae 1418 tae 1450, he govrened frae 1418 tae 1442 an govrened as regent wi his son Grand Prince MoonJong till his daith in 1450.

Sejong is ane o anerly twa Korean rulers posthumously honored wi the appellation "the Great", the ither bein Gwanggaeto.[5]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. in JoonSoo Room(준수방; 俊秀坊)
  2. ko:세종
  3. transliteration or King ... the Great
  4. ibid
  5. Encyclopedia of World History, Vol II, P362 Sejong, Edited by Marsha E. Ackermann, Michael J. Schroeder, Janice J. Terry, Jiu-Hwa Lo Upshur, Mark F. Whitters, ISBN 978-0-8160-6386-4

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Kim, Yung Sik. (1998). "Problems and Possibilities in the Study of the History of Korean Science," Osiris (2nd series, Volume 13, 1998): 48–79.

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • King Sejong the Great: the Light of Fifteenth Century Korea, Young-Key Kim-Renaud, International Circle of Korean Linguistics, 1992, softcover, 119 pages, ISBN 1-882177-00-2
  • Kim-Renaud, Young-Key. 2000. Sejong's theory of literacy and writing. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 30.1:13–46.
  • Gale, James Scarth. History of the Korean People Annotated and introduction by Richard Rutt. Seoul: Royal Asiatic Society, 1972..

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Precedit bi
Taejong
Rulers o Korea
(Joseon)

1418–1450
Succeedit bi
Munjong