Rosa Parks in 1955, wi Martin Luther King, Jr. in the backgrund
Rosa Louise McCauley|
Februar 4, 1913
Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
October 24, 2005 (aged 92)|
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Thrift||Ceevil richts activist|
|Kent for||Montgomery Bus Boycott|
|Hame toun||Tuskegee, Alabama|
|Hauf-marrae(s)||Raymond Parks (1932–1977)|
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American Civil Rights activist, whom the United States Congress cried "The first lady of civil rights" and "The mother of the freedom movement".
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order to give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation. Others had taken similar steps, including Bayard Rustin in 1942, Irene Morgan in 1946, Sarah Louise Keys in 1952, and the members of the ultimately successful Browder v. Gayle lawsuit (Claudette Colvin, Aurelia Browder, Susie McDonald, an Mary Louise Smith) who was arrested in Montgomery for not giving up their bus seats months before Parks.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Pub.L. 106–26, accessed 13 November 2011. The quoted passages can be seen by clicking through to the text or PDF.
- Rustin, Bayard (Julie 1942). "Non-Violence vs. Jim Crow". Fellowship. reprinted in Carson, Clayborne; Garrow, David J.; Kovach, Bill (2003). Reporting Civil Rights: American journalism, 1941–1963. Library of America. pp. 15–18. Retrieved September 13, 2011.