Rosa Parks in 1955, wi Martin Luther King, Jr. in the backgrund
|Born||Rosa Louise McCauley
Februar 4, 1913
Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||October 24, 2005
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Thrift||Ceevil richts activist|
|Kent for||Montgomery Bus Boycott|
|Hame toun||Tuskegee, Alabama|
|Hauf-marrae(s)||Raymond Parks (1932–1977)|
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (Februar 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) wis an African-American Ceevil Richts activist, whom the Unitit States Congress cried "the first lady o ceevil richts" an "the mither o the freedom muivement".
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused tae obey bus driver James F. Blake's order tae gie up her seat in the coloured section tae a white passenger, efter the white section wis filled. Parks wis nae the first person tae resist bus segregation. Ithers haed taken seemilar steps, includin Bayard Rustin in 1942, Irene Morgan in 1946, Sarah Louise Keys in 1952, an the members o the ultimately successfu Browder v. Gayle lawsuit (Claudette Colvin, Aurelia Browder, Susie McDonald, an Mary Louise Smith) who war arrestit in Montgomery for nae giein up thair bus seats months afore Parks.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Pub.L. 106–26, accessed 13 November 2011. The quoted passages can be seen by clicking through to the text or PDF.
- Rustin, Bayard (Julie 1942). "Non-Violence vs. Jim Crow". Fellowship. reprinted in Carson, Clayborne; Garrow, David J.; Kovach, Bill (2003). Reporting Civil Rights: American journalism, 1941–1963. Library of America. pp. 15–18. Retrieved September 13, 2011.