Qianlong Emperor

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Qianlong Emperor
乾隆帝
清 郎世宁绘《清高宗乾隆帝朝服像》.jpg
Saxt Qing Emperor o Cheenae
Ring 8 October 1735 – 9 Februar 1796
Predecessor Yongzheng Emperor
Successor Jiaqing Emperor
Monarchy 8 October 1735 – 7 Februar 1799
Born 25 September 1711(1711-09-25)
Beijing
Dee'd 7 Februar 1799(1799-02-07) (aged 87)
Beijing
Buirial Eastren Qing Tombs, Zunhua, Tangshan, Hebei, Cheenae
Empress Empress Xiaoxianchun
Ulanara, the Step Empress
Empress Xiaoyichun
Imperial Noble Consort Imperial Noble Consort Huixian
Imperial Noble Consort Zhemin
Imperial Noble Consort Chunhui
Imperial Noble Consort Shujia
Imperial Noble Consort Qinggong
Issue Yonghuang, Prince Ding
Yonglian, Croun Prince Duanhui
Gulun Princess Hejing
Yongzhang, Prince Xun
Yongcheng, Prince Lü
Yongqi, Prince Rong
Yongrong, Prince Zhi
Heshuo Princess Hejia
Yongcong, Prince Zhe
Yongxuan, Prince Yi
Yongxing, Prince Cheng
Yongqi, Beile
Yongjing
Gulun Princess Hejing
Yonglu
Heshuo Princess Heke
Yongyan, Prince Jia
Yonglin, Prince Qing
Gulun Princess Hexiao
Full name
Cheenese: Aixin-Jueluo Hongli 愛新覺羅弘曆
Manchu: Aisin-Gioro hala i Hung-Li
Posthumous name
Emperor Fatian Longyun Zhicheng Xianjue Tiyuan Liji Fuwen Fenwu Qinming Xiaoci Shensheng Chun
法天隆運至誠先覺體元立極敷文奮武欽明孝慈神聖純皇帝
Temple name
Qing Gaozong
清高宗
Hoose Aisin-Gioro
Faither Yongzheng Emperor
Mither Empress Xiaoshengxian
Qianlong Emperor
Qianlong Emperor (Chinese and Manchu).svg
"Qianlong Emperor" in Cheenese (tap) an Manchu (bottom)
Cheenese name
Cheenese 乾隆帝
Tibetan name
Tibetan ཆན་ལུང་
lha skyong rgyal po
Mongolie name
Mongolie Тэнгэрийг Тэтгэгч хаан
Tengeriig Tetgegch Khaan
Manchu name
Manchu script ᠠᠪᡴᠠᡳ
ᠸᡝᡥᡳᠶᡝᡥᡝ
Romanization Abkai Wehiyehe Hūwangdi

The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 Februar 1799) wis the saxt emperor o the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, an the fowert Qing emperor tae rule ower China proper. Born Aisin Gioro Hongli, the fowert son o the Yongzheng Emperor, he reigned offeecially frae 11 October 1735 tae 8 February 1796.1 On 8 Februar, he abdicatit in favour o his son, the Jiaqing Emperor – a filial act in order nae tae reign longer nor his grandfather, the illustrious Kangxi Emperor.[1] Despite his retirement, houever, he retained ultimate pouer as the Emperor Emeritus (or Retired Emperor) till his daith in 1799; he thus wis the langest-reignin de facto ruler in the history o Cheenae, an dyin at the age o 87, the langest-livin. As a capable an culturt ruler inheritin a thrivin empire, during his lang reign the Qing Empire reached its maist splendid an prosperous era, boastin a liarge population an economy, wi various militar campaigns expand its territory tae the lairgest extent. In his late years, eclipsed in effectiveness o his rule, wi rampant corruption an wastefuness in his coort, an a stagnant ceevil society, the empire wis in gradual decline.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Jacobs, Andrew. "Dusting Off a Serene Jewel Box," New York Times. 31 December 2008.