Puncak Jaya

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Puncak Jaya
Carstensz Pyramid
Peak o Puncak Jaya.
Heichest pynt
Elevation4,884 m (16,024 ft) [1]
Prominence4,884 m (16,024 ft) 
Ranked 9t
Isolation5,262 kilometres (3,270 mi)
LeetinSeven Summits
Kintra heich pynt
Coordinates04°04′44″S 137°9′30″E / 4.07889°S 137.15833°E / -4.07889; 137.15833Coordinates: 04°04′44″S 137°9′30″E / 4.07889°S 137.15833°E / -4.07889; 137.15833
Parent rangeSudirman Range
First ascent1936 bi Colijn, Dozy, an Wissels
1962 bi Harrer, Temple, Kippax an Huizenga
Easiest routerock/snaw/ice climb

Puncak Jaya (pronoonced [ˈpuntʃaʔ ˈdʒaja]) or Carstensz Pyramid (4,884 m) is the heichest summit o Moont Carstensz /ˈkɑːrstəns/ in the Sudirman Range o the wastren central heichlaunds o Papua Province, Indonesie (within Puncak Jaya Regency). Ither summits are East Carstensz Peak (4,808 m [15,774 ft]), Sumantri (4,870 m [15,980 ft]) an Ngga Pulu (4,863 m [15,955 ft]). Ither names include Nemangkawi in the Amungkal leid, Carstensz Toppen an Gunung Soekarno.[2]

At 4,884 metres (16,024 ft) abuin sea level, Puncak Jaya is the heichest moontain in Indonesiae, on the island o New Guinea (which conseest o wastren Papua provinces in Indonesie plus Papua New Guinea), on the continent o Australie (which conseest o New Guinea, the Australie Mainlaund, Tasmanie, ither islands, an the submerged continental shelf), an in Oceanie, the tallest island moontain on Yird, as weel as the 5th heichest moontain in political Sootheast Asie.

It is awso the heichest pynt atween the Himalayas an the Andes. Some soorces claim Papua New Guinea's Moont Wilhelm, 4,509 m (14,793 ft), as the heichest moontain peak in Oceania, on accoont o Indonesie bein pairt o Asie (Sootheast Asie).[3] The massive, open cut Grasberg mine is athin 4 km (2.5 mi) o Puncak Jaya.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Discovery[eedit | eedit soorce]

The heichlaunds surroondin the peak wur inhabitit afor European contact, an the peak wis kent as Nemangkawi in Amungkal. Puncak Jaya wis named "Carstensz Pyramid" efter Dutch explorer Jan Carstenszoon wha first sichtit the glaciers on the peak o the moontain on a rare clear day in 1623.[4] The sichtin went unverifee'd for ower twa centuries, an Carstensz wis ridiculed in Europe when he said he haed seen snaw near the equator.

The snawfield o Puncak Jaya wis reached as early as 1909 bi a Dutch explorer, Hendrik Albert Lorentz wi sax o his Dayak Kenyah porters recruitit frae the Apo Kayan in Borneo.[5] The predecessor o the Lorentz Naitional Pairk, which encompasses the Carstensz Range, wis established in 1919 follaein the report o this expedition.

Animatit map o the extent o the glaciers o the Carstensz Range from 1850 to 2003

Climbing history[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1936 the Dutch Carstensz Expedition, unable tae establish definitively which o the three summits wis the heichest, attemptit tae climb each. Anton Colijn, Jean Jacques Dozy an Frits Wissel reached baith the glacier-covered East Carstensz an Ngga Pulu summits on December 5, but through bad wather failed in their attempts tae climb the bare Carstensz Pyramid. Acause o extensive snaw melt Ngga Pulu haes acome a 4,862 m (15,951 ft) subsidiary peak, but it haes been estimatit that in 1936 (when glaciers still covered 13 km2 (5.0 sq mi) o the mountain; see map) Ngga Pulu wis indeed the heichest summit, reaching over 4,900 m (16,100 ft).[6]

The nou-heichest Carstensz Pyramid summit wis nae climbed until 1962, bi an expedition led bi the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer (o Seiven Years in Tibet fame, an climber o the Eiger North Face) wi three ither expedition members – the New Zealand moontaineer Philip Temple, the Australie rock climber Russell Kippax, an the Dutch patrol officer Albertus (Bert) Huizenga. Temple haed previously led an expedition intae the aurie an pioneered the access route tae the moontains.[7]

When Indonesie teuk control o the province in 1963, the peak was renamed 'Poentja Soekarno' (Simplifee'd Indonesian: Puncak Sukarno) or Sukarno Peak, efter the first Preses o Indonesie; later this wis chynged tae Puncak Jaya. Puncak means peak or moontain an Jaya means 'victory', 'victorious' or 'glorious'. The name Carstensz Pyramid is still uised amang moontaineers.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The elevation gien here wis determined bi the 1971-73 Australian Universities' Expedition an is supportit bi the Seiven Summits authorities an modren heich resolution radar data. An aulder but still eften quotit elevation o 5,030 metres (16,503 ft) is obsolete.
  2. Greater Atlas of the World, Mladinska knjiga, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 1986.
  3. Statistical Yearbook of Croatia, 2007
  4. Neill, Wilfred T. (1973). Twentieth-Century Indonesia. Columbia University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-231-08316-4.
  5. Lorentz, H.A., 1910. Zwarte Menschen – Witte Bergen: Verhaal van den Tocht naar het Sneeuwgebergte van Nieuw-Guinea, Leiden: EJ. Brill.
  6. Interview with Jean Jacques Dozy in 2002 (in Dutch).
  7. Philip Temple Account of first ascent
  8. Parfet, Bo; Buskin, Richard (2009). Die Trying: One Man's Quest to Conquer the Seven Summits. New York, N.Y.: American Management Association. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-8144-1084-4.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]