Posttraumatic stress disorder

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Posttraumatic stress disorder
A mask, painted by a Marine who attends art therapy to relieve post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, USMC-120503-M-9426J-001.jpg
Airt therapy project creautit bi a U.S. Marine wi posttraumatic stress disorder
Specialty Psychiatry, clinical psychology
Symptoms Disturbin thochts, feelins, or dreams relatit tae the event; mental or pheesical distress tae trauma-relatit cues; efforts tae avoid trauma-relatit situations; increased ficht-or-flicht response[1]
Complications Suicide[2]
Duration > 1 month[1]
Causes Exposur tae a traumatic event[1]
Diagnostic method Based on symptoms[2]
Treatment Coonselin, medication[3]
Medication Selective serotonin reuptak inhibitor[4]
Frequency 8.7% (lifetime risk); 3.5% (12-month risk) (USA)[5]

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that can develop efter a person is exposed tae a traumatic event, sic as sexual assault, warfare, traffeck collisions, or ither threats on a person's life.[1] Symptoms mey include disturbin thochts, feelins, or dreams relatit tae the events, mental or pheesical distress tae trauma-relatit cues, attempts tae avoid trauma-relatit cues, alterations in hou a person thinks an feels, an an increase in the fecht-or-flicht response.[1][3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 271–280. ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bisson, JI; Cosgrove, S; Lewis, C; Robert, NP (26 November 2015). "Post-traumatic stress disorder". BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 351: h6161. doi:10.1136/bmj.h6161. PMC 4663500Freely accessible. PMID 26611143. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder". National Institute of Mental Health. February 2016. Archived frae the oreeginal on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  4. Berger, W; Mendlowicz, MV; Marques-Portella, C; Kinrys, G; Fontenelle, LF; Marmar, CR; Figueira, I (17 March 2009). "Pharmacologic alternatives to antidepressants in posttraumatic stress disorder: a systematic review". Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry. 33 (2): 169–80. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2008.12.004. PMC 2720612Freely accessible. PMID 19141307. 
  5. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association. 2013. p. 276. ISBN 9780890425558. OCLC 830807378.