Posttraumatic stress disorder

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Posttraumatic stress disorder
SpecialtyPsychiatry, clinical psychology
SymptomsDisturbin thochts, feelins, or dreams relatit tae the event; mental or pheesical distress tae trauma-relatit cues; efforts tae avoid trauma-relatit situations; increased ficht-or-flicht response[1]
Duration> 1 month[1]
CausesExposur tae a traumatic event[1]
Diagnostic methodBased on symptoms[2]
TreatmentCoonselin, medication[3]
MedicationSelective serotonin reuptak inhibitor[4]
Frequency8.7% (lifetime risk); 3.5% (12-month risk) (USA)[5]

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that can develop efter a person is exposed tae a traumatic event, sic as sexual assault, warfare, traffeck collisions, or ither threats on a person's life.[1] Symptoms mey include disturbin thochts, feelins, or dreams relatit tae the events, mental or pheesical distress tae trauma-relatit cues, attempts tae avoid trauma-relatit cues, alterations in hou a person thinks an feels, an an increase in the fecht-or-flicht response.[1][3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c d e American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 271–280. ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8.
  2. a b Bisson, JI; Cosgrove, S; Lewis, C; Robert, NP (26 November 2015). "Post-traumatic stress disorder". BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 351: h6161. doi:10.1136/bmj.h6161. PMC 4663500. PMID 26611143.
  3. a b "Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder". National Institute of Mental Health. Februar 2016. Archived frae the original on 9 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 10 Mairch 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  4. Berger, W; Mendlowicz, MV; Marques-Portella, C; Kinrys, G; Fontenelle, LF; Marmar, CR; Figueira, I (17 Mairch 2009). "Pharmacologic alternatives to antidepressants in posttraumatic stress disorder: a systematic review". Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry. 33 (2): 169–80. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2008.12.004. PMC 2720612. PMID 19141307.
  5. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association. 2013. p. 276. ISBN 9780890425558. OCLC 830807378.CS1 maint: others (link)