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Lepidoptera 2005 spring 001.jpg
The Smaa White (Pieris rapae)
Scienteefic clessification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Suborder: Ditrysia
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Pieridae
Duponchel, 1835


76 genera
1,051 species

The Pieridae are a lairge faimily o butterflees wi aboot 76 genera containin approximately 1,100 species, maistly frae tropical Africae an Asie.[1] Maist pierid butterflees are white, yellae or orange in coloration, eften wi black spots. The pigments that gie the distinct colourin tae these butterflees are derived frae waste products in the body an are a characteristic o this faimily.[2]

It is believed that the name "butterfly" oreeginated frae a member o this faimily — the Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni — which wis cried the "butter-coloured fly" bi early Breetish naituralists.[2]

The sexes uisually differ, eften in the pattern or nummer o the black markins.

The larvae (caterpillars) o a few o these species, such as Pieris brassicae an Pieris rapae, commonly seen in gardens, feed on brassicas, an are notorious agricultural pests.

Males o mony species exhibit gregarious mud-puddlin behavior when thay mey imbibe salts frae moist soils.[1]

Some popular species[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cloodit Yellow, Colias croceus
Psyche Butterflee, Leptosia nina

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 DeVries P. J. in Levin S.A. (ed) 2001 The Encyclopaedia of Biodiversity. Academic Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Carter, David, Butterflies and Moths (2000)

Further Readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Glassberg, Jeffrey Butterflies through Binoculars, The West (2001)
  • James, David G. and Nunnallee, David Life Histories of Cascadia Butterflies (2011)
  • Pyle, Robert Michael The Butterflies of Cascadia (2002)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]