Phineas Gage

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Phineas P. Gage
Phineas Gage Cased Daguerreotype WilgusPhoto2008-12-19 Unretouched Color ToneCorrected.jpg
Gage an his "constant companion"‍—‌his inscribed tampin airn‍—‌sometime efter 1849, seen in the portrait (identified 2009) that "exploded the common eemage o Gage as a dirty, disheveled misfit."[K]
BornJulie 9, 1823 (date uncertain)
Grafton Coonty, New Hampshire[lower-alpha 1]
Died21 Mey 1860(1860-05-21) (aged 36)
In or near San Francisco
Cause o daith
Status epilepticus
Kent forPersonality cheenge efter harn injure
Hame tounLebanon, New Hampshire[lower-alpha 1]

Phineas P. Gage (1823–1860) wis an American railwey construction foreman remembered for his improbable[B1]:19 survival o an accident in that a lairge airn rod wis driven completely throu his heid, destroyin muckle o his harn's left frontal lobe, an for that injure's reportit effects on his personality an behaviour ower the remainin twal years o his life‍—‌effects sufficiently profoond (for a time at least) that friends saw him as "na langer Gage."[H]:14

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Macmillan[M]:14-17,31n5,490-1 discusses Gage's auncestry an early life. The birthdate Julie 9, 1823 is gien bi a Gage genealogy[1] withoot citation,[M]:16 but is consistent wi agreement amang contemporary soorces[2][3] that Gage wis 25 years auld on the date o his accident, an wi his age (36 years) as gien in unnertaker's records efter his daith in Mey 1860.[M]:108-9 Possible hames in childheid an youth are Lebanon or nearbi East Lebanon, Enfield, an/or Grafton (aw in Grafton Coonty, New Hampshire), tho Harlow refers tae Lebanon in pairteecular as Gage's "native place"[H]:10 an "his hame"[H]:12 (likely that o his parents),[M]:30 tae that Gage returned ten weeks[M2]:C efter his accident.

    Thare is naething tae indicate whit Gage's middle ineetial,P,​​[3][4][G1][5] stuid for.[M]:490 His mither's maiden name is variously gien as Swetland, Sweatland, or Sweetland.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gage, Clyde Van Tassel (1964). John Gage of Ipswich, Mass. and his descendants: an historical, genealogical and biographical record, as developed from sources explained herein. Worcester, N.Y.: C.V. Gage.
  2. "Incredible, But True Every Word". National Eagle. Claremont, New Hampshire. March 29, 1849. p. 2, col. 2. Reprentit: True Democrat and Granite State Whig (Lebanon, New Hampshire), April 6, 1849, p. 1, col. 7. Transcribed in Macmillan (2000), pp.40–41.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Harlow (1848), p. 389; Bigelow (1850), p. 13; Harlow (1868), p. 4.
  4. Macmillan (2000), p. 490; Macmillan (2008), p. 839 (fig.).
  5. "An iron bar that had been driven through a man's head." Catalog of the Museum, Index, undated. Series XXXIX. Miscellaneous specimens (page 179). RG M-CL02.01 Records of the Warren Anatomical Museum, 1835–2010 (inclusive), 1971–1991 (bulk). Box 10. Folders 6 and 7.
  6. B.S. Swetland; Doug Sweetland, eds. (March 2003). A partial genealogy of the Swetland/Sweetland/Sweatland Family in America, 1560–2003. pp. xxxiii, 15.
  7. "Alive from the Dead, Almost". North Star. Danville, Vermont. November 6, 1848. p. 1, col. 2. Transcribed in Macmillan (2000), pp. 39–40.